1. Introduction; E.C. Lefroy, et al. Part 1: Consulting the genius of place. 2. Developing high seed-yielding perennial polycultures as a mimic of mid-grass prairie; W. Jackson, L. Jackson. 3. From genomes to ecosystems to human communities; W. Jackson. Part 2: The ecosystem mimic concept. 4. Natural systems as models for the design of sustainable systems of land use; J.J. Ewel. 5. How much biodiversity is enough? A.R. Main. 6. Moving from descriptive to prescriptive ecology; R.J. Hobbs, S.R. Morton. Part 3: Case studies of multi-species systems. 7. The dehesa system of southern Spain and Portugal as a natural ecosystem mimic; R. Joffre, et al. 8. Multispecies cropping systems in India: Predictions of their productivity, stability, resilience, and ecological sustainability; B.R. Trenbath. 9. Why tree-crop interactions in agroforestry appear at odds with tree-grass interactions in tropical savannahs; C.K. Ong, R.R.B. Leakey. 10. Can the ecosystem mimic hypotheses be applied to farms in African savannahs? M. van Noordwijk, C.K. Ong. 11. Soil community composition in ecosystem processes: Comparing agricultural with natural ecosystems; D.A. Neher. 12. The problem of irrigated horticulture: matching the biophysical efficiency with the economic efficiency; R.J. Stirzaker. Part 4: Application of the ecosystem mimic concept to southern Australian agriculture. 13. Towards achieving functional ecosystem mimicry with respect to water cycling in southern Australian agriculture; T.J. Hatton, R.A. Nulsen. 14. Nutrient cycling and growth in forest ecosystems of South Western Australia: relevance to agricultural landscapes; P.F. Grierson, M.A. Adams. 15. Assessing the performance of woody plants in uptake and utilisation of carbon, water and nutrients; J.S. Pate, T.E. Dawson. 16. Agroforestry for water management in the cropping zone of Southern Australia; E.C. Lefroy, R.J. Stirzaker. 17. Application of the ecosystem mimic concept to the `species-rich' Banksia woodlands of South Western Australia; J.S. Pate, T.L. Bell. 18. Can agricultural management emulate natural ecosystems in recharge control in South Eastern Australia? F.X. Dunnin, et al. 19. Designing mimics from incomplete data sets: salmon gum woodland and heathland ecosystems in South Western Australia; R.J. O'Connor, M.H. O'Connor. Part 5: Implications of the mimic concept. 20. Social and economic challenges in the development of complex farming systems; D.J. Pannell. 21. Can we bring about a perennially peopled and productive countryside? J.B. Passioura. 22. What can agriculture learn from natural ecosystems? E.C. Lefroy, et al.