Adversity, Stress and Psychopathology

Adversity, Stress and Psychopathology

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"Adversity" involves exposure to unpropitious or calamitous circumstances. It occurs in extreme situations such as prolonged combat or natural disasters, both of which affect whole groups or communities of people simultaneously. It is found as well in more individually targeted events such as child abuse, bereavement, rape, physical illness, marital separation or divorce, unemployment, and homelessness. Exposure to adversity is not randomly distributed in society. It varies, for example, with gender, ethnic or racial background, and socioeconomic status. And some types of adversity can be precipitated by an individual's own actions. In this volume, the leading investigators review research on the nature of adversity and its relationship to major types of psychopathology including schizophrenia, depression, alcoholism and other substance-use disorders, antisocial personality disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and nonspecific distress. These relationships are examined in terms of theoretical concepts of life stress that describe the characteristics of the ongoing situation in which adverse events occur and the factors of personality and coping ability that also affect psychiatric outcomes. The authors sift through firm and infirm findings and critically evaluate existing theory and research strategies and provide and integrative theoretical framework. No other book offers as comprehensive and authoritative a discussion of the role of psychosocial stress in causing mental disorders.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 584 pages
  • 184 x 254 x 34mm | 1,279.14g
  • Oxford University Press Inc
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • New.
  • tables
  • 0195121929
  • 9780195121926

About Bruce P. Dohrenwend

Bruce P. Dohrenwend, Ph.D., is Professor of Psychiatry and Public Health at Columbia University.show more

Table of contents

Introduction ; Part I: Extreme Situations ; Introduction ; 1. Individuals Under Conditions of Maximum Adversity: The Holocaust ; 2. Symptoms, Functioning and Health Problems in a Massively Traumatized Population: The Legacy of the Cambodian Tragedy ; 3. Psychological Effects of Military Combat ; 4. Natural and Human-made Disasters ; Part II: Individual Events ; Introduction ; 5. Childhood Victimization: Early Adversity and Subsequent Psychopathology ; 6. Model of Stress: The Bereavement Reaction ; 7. The Impact of Unemployment on Health and Well-being ; 8. Homelessness, Stress and Psychopathology ; 9. The Value and Limitations of Stress Models in HIV/AIDS ; 10. Rape, Other Violence Against Women, and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder ; 11. Psychiatric Disorder in the Context of Physical Illness ; 12. Divorce and Psychopathology ; Part III: Epidemiologic Studies ; Introduction ; 13. Psychiatric Disorders in the General Population ; 14. Ethnic Status, Socioeconomic Status, and Psychiatric Disorders: the Social Causation-Social Selection Issue ; 15. PTSD and Comorbid Disorders in the General Population ; 16. Exposure to "Fateful" Events: A Confounder in Assigning Causal Roles to Life Events ; 17. Stressful Life Events and Episodes of Major Depression and Non-Affective Psychotic Disorders ; 18. Loss and Depressive Disorders ; Part IV: Stress Moderating and Amplifying Factors ; Introduction ; 19. Personality and Coping As Stress Attentuating or Amplifying Factorss ; 20. Social Support: Its Prsent Significance for Psychiatric Epidemiology ; 21. Some Characteristics of Occupations as Risk or Productive Factors ; 22. Domestic Arrangements and Depressive Symptoms: An Examination of Housework Conditions ; Part V: Complementary Approaches ; Introduction ; 23. Mathematical Modeling and Simulation of Stress and Adversity ; 24. Cognitive Changes Associated with Persisting Behavioral Effects of Early Psychosocial Stress in Rhesus Monkeys: The View From Psychobiology ; 25. Physiological Correlates of Stress, Adversity, and Psychopathology ; 26. Adversity, Stress and Psychopathology: A Psychiatric Genetic Perspective ; 27. Effects of Improving Achievement on Aggressive Behavior and of Improving Aggressive Behavior on Achievement Through Two Preventive Interventions: An Investigation of Causal Paths ; 28. A Perspective on Adversity, Stress and Psychopathology ; Part VI: Overview and Integration ; Introduction ; 29. Overview of Evidence for the Importance of Adverse Environmental Conditions ; 30. Theoretical Integrationshow more

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