Adsorption by Powders and Porous Solids

Adsorption by Powders and Porous Solids : Principles, Methodology and Applications

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The declared objective of this book is to provide an introductory review of the various theoretical and practical aspects of adsorption by powders and porous solids with particular reference to materials of technological importance. The primary aim is to meet the needs of students and non-specialists who are new to surface science or who wish to use the advanced techniques now available for the determination of surface area, pore size and surface characterization. In addition, a critical account is given of recent work on the adsorptive properties of activated carbons, oxides, clays and zeolites.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 646 pages
  • 152 x 229 x 33.02mm | 1,190g
  • Academic Press Inc.(London) Ltd
  • London, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 2nd edition
  • Approx. 200 illustrations; Illustrations, unspecified
  • 0080970354
  • 9780080970356
  • 1,464,537

Table of contents

Preface List of main symbols 1. Introduction 1.1. Importance of adsorption 1.2. Historical aspects 1.3. IUPAC definitions and terminology 1.4. Physisorption and chemisorption 1.5. Physisorption isotherms 1.6. Energetics of physisorption and molecular modelling 1.7. Diffusion of adsorbed molecules

2. Thermodynamics of adsorption at the gas-solid interface 2.1. Introduction 2.2. Quantitative expression of adsorption 2.3. Thermodynamic potentials of adsorption 2.4. Thermodynamic quantities related to the adsorbed states in the Gibbs representation 2.5. Thermodynamic quantities related to the adsorption process 2.6. Indirect derivation of the adsorption quantities of adsorption from of a series of Experimental physisorption isotherms : the isosteric method 2.7. Derivation of the adsorption quantities from calorimetric data 2.8. Other methods for the determination of differential enthalpies of gas adsorption 2.9. State equations for high pressure: single gas and mixtures

3. Methodology of gas adsorption 3.1. Introduction 3.2. Determination of the surface excess amount (and amount adsorbed) 3.3. Gas adsorption calorimetry 3.4. Adsorbent outgassing 3.5. Presentation of experimental data

4. Adsorption at the liquid-solid interface 4.1. Introduction 4.2. Energetics of immersion in pure liquid 4.3. Adsorption from liquid solution

5. The interpretation of physisorption isotherms at the gas-solid interface: the classical approach 5.1. Introduction 5.2. Adsorption of a pure gas 5.3. Adsorption of a gas mixture

6. Molecular simulation and modelling of physisorption in porous solids 6.1. Introduction 6.2. Microscopic description of the porous solids 6.3. Intermolecular potential function 6.4. Characterization computational tools 6.5. Modeling of adsorption in porous solids 6.6. Modeling of diffusion in porous solids. 6.7. Conclusions and future challenges

7. Assessment of surface area 7.1. Introduction 7.2. The BET method 7.3. Empirical methods of isotherm analysis 7.4. The fractal approach 7.5. Conclusions and recommendations

8. Assessment of mesoporosity 8.1. Introduction 8.2. Mesopore volume, porosity and mean pore size 8.3. Capillary condensation and the Kelvin equation 8.4. `Classical' computation of the mesopore size distribution 8.5. DFT computation of the mesopore size distribution 8.6. Hysteresis loops 8.7. Conclusions and recommendations

9. Assessment of microporosity 9.1. Introduction 9.2. Gas physisorption isotherm analysis 9.3. Microcalorimetric methods 9.4. Conclusions and recommendations

10. Adsorption by active carbons 10.1. Introduction 10.2. Active carbons: preparation, properties and applications 10.3. Physisorption of gases by non-porous carbons 10.4. Physisorption of gases by porous carbons 10.5. Adsorption at the carbon-liquid interface 10.6. Low pressure hysteresis and adsorbent deformation 10.7. Characterization of active carbons: conclusions and recommendations 11. Adsorption by metal oxides 11.1. Introduction 11.2. Silica 11.3. Alumina 11.4. Titanium dioxide 11.5. Magnesium oxide 11.6. Other oxides: chromium, iron, zinc, zirconium, beryllium and uranium 11.7. Applications of adsorbent properties of metal oxides

12. Adsorption by clays, pillared clays, zeolites and aluminophosphates 12.1. Introduction 12.2. Structure, morphology and adsorbent properties of layer silicates 12.3. Pillared clays - structures and properties 12.4. Zeolites - synthesis, pore structures and molecular sieve properties 12.5. Aluminophosphate molecular sieves - structures and properties 12.6. Applications of clays, zeolites and phosphate-based molecular sieves

13. Adsorption by ordered mesoporous materials 13.1. Introduction 13.2. Ordered mesoporous silicas 13.3. Effect of surface functionalization on adsorption properties 13.4. Ordered organosilica materials 13.5. Replica materials

14. Adsorption by metal-organic frameworks 14.1. Introduction 14.2. Assessment and meaning of the BET area of MOFs 14.3. Effect of changing the nature of the ligands 14.4. Effect of changing the metal centre 14.5. Changing the nature of other surface sites 14.6. Influence of extra-framework species 14.7. Special case of the flexibility of MOFs 14.8. Towards application performances
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Review quote

"An introductory chapter summarizes relevance, history, and terminology of adsorption, including chemisorption vs. physisorption, and discusses energetics, molecular modeling, and diffusion. The following chapters treat thermodynamics at a gas/solid and solid/liquid interfaces, measurement and monitoring technique, isotherm theory and interpretation, mathematical modeling of adsorption processes, and use of adsorption to measure surface area and porosity of materials.", January 2014

Review of first edition: "A long-awaited but worthy successor to the book considered by many to be the bible of porous materials characterization: `Gregg & Sing' (2nd Edition, 1982). This collaboration between the Rouquerols and Ken Sing has created a detailed handbook covering not only important theoretical aspects, but copious experimental and application information too. Adsorption calorimetry gets more attention than before (not surprising given the Rouquerols' affiliation), as do `new' materials such as MCM's and `new' calculation models like DFT (Density Functional Theory) and Monte Carlo simulation. Importantly, there is a great deal of coverage given to adsorptives other than nitrogen (the most common but not necessarily the most appropriate in all cases). Hundreds of references are given for follow-up reading in areas of special interest. Anyone seeking a reliable, broad, yet highly informative coverage of adsorption methodology for porous materials characterization should invest in this title." --Worthy Successor by "thomasetc" (USA), June 2000,
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About Jean Rouquerol

Jean Rouquerol is director of the Centre de Thermodynamique, and a leading authority on adsorption thermodynamics and the methodology of thermal analysis and adsorption calorimetry Francoise Rouquerol leads a research team at the Centre de Thermodynamique et de Microcalorimetrie and the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique in Marseille, France. She is also a senior professor at University of Provence. Kenneth Sing is an emeritus professor of Brunel University and visiting professor at Bristol University, both in the UK. He is co-author of the well-known book Adsorption, Surface Area and Porosity.
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