Absolute Music

Absolute Music : The History of an Idea

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What is music, and why does it move us? From Pythagoras to the present, writers have struggled to isolate the essence of "pure" or "absolute" music in ways that also account for its profound effect. In Absolute Music: The History of an Idea, Mark Evan Bonds traces the history of these efforts across more than two millennia, paying special attention to the relationship between music's essence and its qualities of form, expression, beauty, autonomy, as well as its
perceived capacity to disclose philosophical truths.

The core of this book focuses on the period between 1850 and 1945. Although the idea of pure music is as old as antiquity, the term "absolute music" is itself relatively recent. It was Richard Wagner who coined the term, in 1846, and he used it as a pejorative in his efforts to expose the limitations of purely instrumental music. For Wagner, music that was "absolute" was isolated, detached from the world, sterile. His contemporary, the Viennese critic Eduard Hanslick, embraced this quality of
isolation as a guarantor of purity. Only pure, absolute music, he argued, could realize the highest potential of the art.

Bonds reveals how and why perceptions of absolute music changed so radically between the 1850s and 1920s. When it first appeared, "absolute music" was a new term applied to old music, but by the early decades of the twentieth century, it had become-paradoxically-an old term associated with the new music of modernists like Schoenberg and Stravinsky. Bonds argues that the key developments in this shift lay not in discourse about music but rather the visual arts. The growing prestige of
abstraction and form in painting at the turn of the twentieth century-line and color, as opposed to object-helped move the idea of purely abstract, absolute music to the cutting edge of musical modernism.

By carefully tracing the evolution of absolute music from Ancient Greece through the Middle Ages to the twentieth-century, Bonds not only provides the first comprehensive history of this pivotal concept but also provokes new thoughts on the essence of music and how essence has been used to explain music's effect. A long awaited book from one of the most respected senior scholars in the field, Absolute Music will be essential reading for anyone interested in the history, theory, and aesthetics
of music.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 400 pages
  • 163 x 238 x 33mm | 652g
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • 3 BW line, 9 BW halftones
  • 0199343632
  • 9780199343638
  • 1,385,216

Table of contents

Introduction 7 ; Part One ; Essence as Effect: To 1550 23 ; 1. Orpheus and Pythagoras 23 ; 2. Isomorphic Resonance 30 ; Part Two ; Essence and Effect: 1550-1850 39 ; 3. Expression 41 ; The Separation of Powers 41 ; Music and Language 48 ; Music as Language 58 ; Mimesis 69 ; 4. Beauty 79 ; 5. Form 90 ; Form as Number 91 ; Form as Content 98 ; 6. Autonomy 103 ; Material Autonomy 103 ; Ethical Autonomy 108 ; 7. Disclosure 112 ; The Composer as Oracle 112 ; Beautiful Insights 117 ; Cosmic Insights 121 ; Part Three ; Essence or Effect: 1850-1945 127 ; 8. Wagner's "Absolute" Music 129 ; 9. Hanslick's "Pure" Music 140 ; Hanslick the Conventional 156 ; Hanslick the Radical 171 ; Hanslick the Ambivalent 181 ; 10. Liszt's "Program" Music 205 ; 11. Polemics 214 ; 12. Reconciliation 231 ; 13. Qualities Recast 244 ; Expression 246 ; Beauty 263 ; Form 264 ; Autonomy 278 ; Disclosure 284 ; Epilogue: Since 1945 292 ; Appendix: Hanslick's Vom Musikalischen-Schonen: ; Early and Selected Later Reviews and Commentary 294 ; Works Cited ] 304
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Review quote

Bonds rises brilliantly to his own challenge, writing an epic narrative with a masterly command of 2,500 years of music history from the mysteries of Pythagoras to the mysteries of the CIA ... Bonds's concept is immaculately conceived, wonderfully lucid, beautifully organized, and elegantly written. * Music Theory Online * This is an immensely informed, thoroughly documented, and detailed book, offering much to chew on during a delicious and intellectually nourishing journey through millennia of theoretical discussions about the nature of music. Readers with an interest in these matters should find Bonds' account profoundly satisfying, and his book should also provide the basis for graduate seminars on musical aesthetics. Highly recommended. * Classical.Net * Bond seeks authority and originality by way of conceptual comprehensiveness and documentary depth ... [the reader will] dervice considerable enlightenment from his trenchant and pertinent perspectives. * Arnold Whittall, The Musical Times *
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About Mark Evan Bonds

Mark Evan Bonds is the Cary C. Boshamer Distinguished Professor of Music at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, where he has taught since 1992. He has served as editor-in-chief of Beethoven Forum and has published widely on music, aesthetics, and the philosophy of music.
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17 ratings
4.24 out of 5 stars
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4 65% (11)
3 6% (1)
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