AIDS Update 2002
For use in any course with significant coverage of AIDS, Virology, Immunology, Endocrinology, and Human Sexuality.This text requires no biology prerequisite, and is the most comprehensive, authoritative, accurate, and up-to-date textbook on HIV/AIDS currently available as it is updated each and every year. It presents the entire 17-year chronology of the AIDS pandemic in a reasonable, logical, and scientific manner that interweaves biological, clinical, social, and legal discoveries in a uniquely readable presentation.
- Paperback | 528 pages
- 175.26 x 233.68 x 20.32mm | 703.06g
- 17 Dec 2001
- Pearson Education (US)
- United States
Table of contents
(NOTE: Each chapter begins with Chapter Concepts and Concludes with Summary, Review Questions, and Reference.)1. Discovering AIDS, Naming the Disease. AIDS: A Disease or a Syndrome? What causes AIDS? How Does HIV Cause AIDS? Discovery of the AIDS Virus. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Reports. Defining the Illness: AIDS Surveillance.2. What Causes AIDS: Origins of the AIDS Virus. The Cause of AIDS: The Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Origin of HIV: The AIDS Virus. Summary on the Origin of HIV.3. Biological Characteristics of the AIDS Virus. Retroviruses. Human Immunodeficiency Virus. (HIV). Basic Genetic Structure of Retroviral Genomes. Genetic Mutation. Genetic Recombination in HIV. Distinct Genotypes (Subtypes/Clades) of HIV-1 Worldwide Based on ENV and GAG Proteins.4. Anti-HIV Therapy. Goals for Anti-HIV Therapy. Anti-HIV Drugs Having FDA Approval. FDA-Approved Nucleoside Analog Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors. Development and Selection of HIV Drug-Resistance Mutants. How Combination Drug Therapy Can Reduce the Chance of HIV Drug-Resistance. Viral Load: It's Relationship to HIV Disease and AIDS. Use of Non-Nucleoside Analog Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors. FDA-Approved Protease Inhibitors. Protease Inhibitors. Update 2000. Two Most Sobering Reports on AIDS-Related Deaths. Pediatric Anti-HIV Therapy. Protease Inhibitors and Pregnancy. Disclaimer. Some AIDS Therapy Information Hotlines. Other Organizations and Websites.5. The Immunology of HIV Disease/AIDS. The Immune System. Development of Human Immune System Cells. Human Lymphocytes: T Cells and B Cells. Antibodies and Viruses. Antibodies and HIV Disease. Fusin or CXCKR-4 (X4). Genetic Resistance to HIV Infection. T4 Cell Depletion and Immune Suppression. Impact of T4 Cell Depletion. Role of Monocytes and Macrophages in HIV Infection.6. Opportunistic Infections and Cancers Associated with HIV Disease/AIDS. What Is an Opportunistic Disease? The Prevalence of Opportunistic Disease. Prophylaxis against Opportunistic Infections. Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected People. Cancer in AID Patients. Neuropathies in HIV Disease/AIDS Patients. Disclaimer.7. A Profile of Biological Indicators for HIV Disease and Progression to AIDS. HIV Disease Defines. Stages of HIV Disease. HIV Disease without Symptoms, with Symptoms, and AIDS. Aspects of HIV Infection. Production of HIV-Specific Antibodies. Prognostic Biological Markers Related to AIDS Progression. HIV Infection of the Central Nervous System. Pediatric Clinical Signs and Symptoms.8. Epidemiology and Transmission of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus. HIV as a Communicable Disease. We Must Stop HIV Transmission Now! Epidemiology of HIV Infection. Transmission of Two Strains of HIV (HIV-1/HIV-2). Is HIV Transmitted by Insects? Transmission of HIV. Casual Transmission. HIV Transmission in Family Household Settings. Noncasual Transmission. Update. Logic. Public Confidence: Acceptance of Current Dogma on Routes of HIV Transmission. National AIDS Resources.9. Preventing the Transmission of HIV. The Millennium Virus. Global Prevention. Prevention of Infectious Diseases: HIV/AIDS. Preventing the Transmission of HIV. New Rules to an Old Game: Promoting Safer Sex. Injection Drug Use and HIV Transmission: The Twin Epidemics. HIV Prevention for Injection Drug Users. Prevention of Blood and Blood Product HIV Transmission. Infection Control Procedures. Partner Notification. HIV Vaccine Development. Vaccine Production. Problems in the Search for HIV Vaccine. Human HIV Vaccine Trials.10. Prevalence of HIV Infections, AIDS Cases, and Deaths among Select Groups in the United States. A Word about Data. The Millennium Year 2001. Old Formula for Estimating HIV Infections. Newer Formula for Estimating HIV Infections. Behavioral Risk Groups and Statistical Evaluation. Estimates of HIV Infection and Future AIDS Cases. United States Estimates Lead to Confusion. Whose Figures Are Correct? Issues of Credibility. Shape of the HIV Pandemic: United States. Estimates of Deaths and Years of Potential Life Lost Due to AIDS in the United States. Who Is Dying of AIDS? Life Expectancy. Resources.11. Prevalence of HIV Infection and AIDS Cases among Woman, Children, and Teenagers in the United States. Women and AIDS Worldwide. Women: HIV-Positive and AIDS Cases-United States. Internet. Pediatric HIV-Positive and AIDS Cases-United States. Global HIV Infections in Young Adults. Teenagers: HIV-Positive and AIDS Cases-United States. Internet. Other Useful Sources.12. Testing for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Determining the Presence of Antibody Produced When HIV Is Present. Requests for HIV Testing. Reasons for HIV Testing. Immunodiagnostic Techniques for Detection Antibodies to HIV. Elisa HIV-Antibody Test. Western Blot Assay. Other Screening and Confirmatory Tests. Rapid HIV Testing. Viral Load: Measuring HIV RNA. Detection of HIV Infection in Newborns. FDA Approves Two Home HIV-Antibody Test Kits. reporting HIV Infections. Who Should Be Tested for HIV Infection? Why Is HIV Test Information Necessary? Testing Competency, and Informed Consent. Person-to-Person: Disclosure of HIV Infection.13. AIDS and Society: Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behavior. The New Millennium and HIV/AIDS. HIV/AIDS Is an Unusual Disease. AIDS Is Here to Stay. AIDS. Blame Someone, Deja Vu. Fear: Panic and Hysteria over the Spread of HIV/AIDS in the United States. Actions of Course. Whom Is the General Public to Believe? AIDS Education and Behavior. The Character of Society. Federal Response to the HIV/AIDS Pandemic: Creation of an AIDS Industry. United States Government Believes HIV/AIDS Is a Threat to National Security.Epilogue. What a Difference a Decade Makes.Answers to Review Questions. Glossary. Index.