The 2002 CIA World Factbook

The 2002 CIA World Factbook

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Excerpt: ...seasonal temperature ranges) Terrain: vast semidesert and desert plains, grassy steppe, mountains in west and southwest; Gobi Desert in south-central Elevation extremes: lowest point: Hoh Nuur 518 m highest point: Nayramadlin Orgil (Huyten Orgil) 4,374 m Natural resources: oil, coal, copper, molybdenum, tungsten, phosphates, tin, nickel, zinc, wolfram, fluorspar, gold, silver, iron, phosphate Land use: arable land: 1% permanent crops: 0% other: 99% (1998 est.) Irrigated land: 840 sq km (1998 est.) Natural hazards: dust storms, grassland and forest fires, drought, and "zud," which is harsh winter conditions Environment - current issues: limited natural fresh water resources in some areas; policies of the former Communist regime promoting rapid urbanization and industrial growth have raised concerns about their negative effects on the environment; the burning of soft coal in power plants and the lack of enforcement of environmental laws have severely polluted the air in Ulaanbaatar; deforestation, overgrazing, the converting of virgin land to agricultural production have increased soil erosion from wind and rain; desertification and mining activities have also had a deleterious effect on the environment Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements Geography - note: landlocked; strategic location between China and Russia People Mongolia Population: 2,694,432 (July 2002 est.) Age structure: 0-14 years: 32% (male 438,176; female 422,960) 15-64 years: 64.1% (male 864,033; female 865,172) 65 years and over: 3.9% (male 45,080; female 59,011) (2002 est.) Population growth rate: 1.48% (2002 est.) Birth rate: 21.8 births/1,000 population (2002 est.) Death rate: 7.01 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.) Net...
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Product details

  • Paperback | 738 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 37mm | 1,293g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236733029
  • 9781236733023