World Civilizations: v. 2: The Global Experience

World Civilizations: v. 2: The Global Experience

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By (author) Peter N. Stearns, By (author) Michael Adas, By (author) Stuart B. Schwartz, By (author) Marc Jason Gilbert

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  • Publisher: Pearson Education (US)
  • Format: Paperback | 624 pages
  • Dimensions: 228mm x 274mm x 24mm | 1,338g
  • Publication date: 28 April 2010
  • Publication City/Country: Upper Saddle River
  • ISBN 10: 0205659594
  • ISBN 13: 9780205659593
  • Edition: 6, Revised
  • Edition statement: 6th Revised edition
  • Illustrations note: Illustrations (some col.), maps, ports.

Product description

Designed for introductory-level survey courses in World History. The primary goal of World Civilizations is to present a truly global history--from the development of agriculture and herding to the present. Using a unique periodization, this book divides the main periods of human history according to changes in the nature and extent of global contacts. This global world history text emphasizes the major stages in the interactions among different peoples and societies, while at the same time assessing the development of major societies. Encompassing social and cultural as well as political and economic history, the book examines key civilizations in world history. World Civilizations balances this discussion of independent developments in the world's major civilizations with comparative analysis of the results of global contact.

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Author information

Peter N. Stearns Peter N. Stearns is provost and professor of history at George Mason University. He received his Ph.D. from Harvard University. Before moving to George Mason University, he taught at Rutgers University, the University of Chicago, and Carnegie Mellon, where he won the Robert Doherty Educational Leadership Award and the Elliott Dunlap Smith Teaching Award. He has taught world history for more than 15 years. He currently serves as chair of the Advanced Placement World History Committee and also founded and is the editor of the Journal of Social History. In addition to textbooks and readers, he has written studies of gender and consumerism in a world history context. Other books address modern social and cultural history and include studies on gender, old age, work, dieting, and emotion. His most recent book in this area is American Fear: Causes and Consequences of High Anxiety. Michael Adas Michael Adas is the Abraham Voorhees Professor of History and a board of governor's chair at Rutgers University in New Brunswick, New Jersey. Over the past couple of decades his teaching has focused on patterns and processes of global and comparative history. His courses on race and empire in the early modern and industrial eras and on world history in the 20th century have earned him a number of teaching prizes. In addition to texts on world history, Adas has written mainly on the comparative history of colonialism and its impact on the peoples and societies of Asia and Africa. His books include Machines as the Measure of Men: Science, Technology, and Ideologies of Western Dominance, which won the Dexter Prize, and the recently published Dominance by Design: Technological Imperatives and America's Civilizing Mission. He is currently writing a global history of the First World War. Stuart B. Schwartz Stuart B. Schwartz was born and educated in Springfield, Massachusetts, and then attended Middlebury College and the Universidad Autonoma de Mexico. He has an M.A. and Ph.D. from Columbia University in Latin American history. He taught for many years at the University of Minnesota and joined the faculty at Yale University in 1996. He has also taught in Brazil, Puerto Rico, Spain, France, and Portugal. He is a specialist on the history of colonial Latin America, especially Brazil, and is the author of numerous books, notably Sugar Plantations in the Formation of Brazilian Society (1985), which won the Bolton Prize for the best book in Latin American History. He is also the author of Slaves, Peasants, and Rebels (1992), Early Latin America(1983), and Victors and Vanquished (1999). He has held fellowships from the Guggenheim Foundation and the Institute for Advanced Study (Princeton). For his work on Brazil he was recently decorated by the Brazilian government. He continues to read widely in the history and anthropology of Latin America, Africa, and early modern Europe. Marc Jason Gilbert Marc Jason Gilbert is the holder of an NEHsupported Chair in World History at Hawaii Pacific University in Honolulu, Hawaii. He is a former University System of Georgia Distinguished Professor of Teaching and Learning. He received his Ph.D in history in 1978 at UCLA, where he built his own program in world history out of a mixture of more traditional fields. He is a founding member of the World History Association and one of its initial elected officers.More than a decade ago, he founded and served as executive director of the Southeastern World History Association. He has codirected two Summer Institutes for Teaching Advanced Placement World History. He has attempted to bring a global dimension to the study of south and southeast Asian history in numerous articles and books, such as Why the North Won the Vietnam War.

Back cover copy

New! The most consistently novel feature of this sixth edition involves the enhanced focus on the evolution of interregional and ultimately global contacts. Each Part Opener clearly discusses the nature of contacts in the time period involved, and from the postclassical period onward this involves also the assessment of basic systems of interaction and exchange. This theme is recaptured in chapters on individual societies but also in the Part Retrospective. New! Each Part Opener clearly identifies leading themes and Big Concepts, and chapters on the major regions allow the concepts to be explored more fully and compared across regional lines. New! Chapter Updates: 20th century materials have been substantially revised, with particular attention to greater clarity and emphasis on the end of the Cold War and ensuing developments. The emergence of globalization, and resistance to globalization, have also been reexamined. All of the other chapters have been reviewed and updated as necessary. New! In-text Pronunciation Guide: New to the sixth edition is a pronunciation guide, which is intended to help familiarize students with new terminology by providing in-text pronunciations of key words and phrases that will help students become comfortable when discussing text passages. Pronunciations are also included in the glossary at the end of the text. New! Complete Redesign: The sixth edition of "World Civilizations: The Global Experience "has been thoroughly redesigned. The student-friendly text, maps, and global orientation help students easily recognize and distinguish geographical features and areas. Maps in the part introductions highlight major developments during each period and familiarize students with all areas of the world. Full-color photos help bring history to life.

Table of contents

PART IV THE EARLY MODERN PERIOD, 1450--1750: THEWORLD SHRINKS 458 THE EARLY MODERN PERIOD, 1450--1750: THEWORLD SHRINKS 458 CHAPTER 21 The World Economy 466 The West's First Outreach:Maritime Power 466 THINKING HISTORICALLY: Causation and the West's Expansion 471 Toward a World Economy 472 VISUALIZING THE PAST:West Indian Slaveholding 475 Colonial Expansion 477 DOCUMENT:Western Conquerors: Tactics and Motives 478 GLOBAL CONNECTIONS: The World Economy-- And the World 483 Further Readings 484 On the Web 484 CHAPTER 22 The Transformation of the West, 1450--1750 486 The First Big Changes: Culture and Commerce, 1450--1650 487 The Commercial Revolution 492 The Scientific Revolution: The Next Phase of Change 495 VISUALIZING THE PAST: Versailles 497 Political Change 497 THINKING HISTORICALLY: Elites and Masses 498 The West by 1750 500 DOCUMENT: Controversies About Women 501 GLOBAL CONNECTIONS: Europe and the World 504 Further Readings 504 On the Web 505 CHAPTER 23 The Rise of Russia 506 Russia's Expansionist Politics Under the Tsars 506 THINKING HISTORICALLY: Multinational Empires 510 Russia's First Westernization, 1690--1790 511 DOCUMENT: The Nature of Westernization 513 Themes in Early Modern Russian History 516 VISUALIZING THE PAST: Oppressed Peasants 517 GLOBAL CONNECTIONS: Russia and the World 519 Further Readings 519 On the Web 520 CHAPTER 24 Early Latin America 522 Spaniards and Portuguese: From Reconquest to Conquest 524 DOCUMENT: A Vision from the Vanquished 529 The Destruction and Transformation of Indigenous Societies 532 Colonial Economies and Governments 533 THINKING HISTORICALLY: An Atlantic History? 534 Brazil: The First Plantation Colony 537 Multiracial Societies 540 VISUALIZING THE PAST: Race or Culture? A Changing Society 541 The 18th-Century Reforms 542 GLOBAL CONNECTIONS: Latin American Civilization and the World Context 547 Further Readings 547 On the Web 548 CHAPTER 25 Africa and the Africans in the Age of the Atlantic Slave Trade 550 Africa and the Creation of an Atlantic System 551 The Atlantic Slave Trade 552 African Societies, Slavery, and the Slave Trade 557 THINKING HISTORICALLY: Slavery and Human Society 558 White Settlers and Africans in Southern Africa 563 The African Diaspora 566 DOCUMENT: An African's Description of the Middle Passage 567 VISUALIZING THE PAST: The Cloth of Kings in an Atlantic Perspective 569 GLOBAL CONNECTIONS: Africa and the African Diaspora in World Context 571 Further Readings 571 On the Web 572 CHAPTER 26 The Muslim Empires 574 The Ottomans: From Frontier Warriors to Empire Builders 575 DOCUMENT: An Islamic Traveler Laments the Muslims' Indifference to Europe 583 The Shi'a Challenge of the Safavids 583 THINKING HISTORICALLY: The Gunpowder Empires and the Shifting Balance of Global Power 586 The Mughals and the Apex of Muslim Civilization in India 590 VISUALIZING THE PAST: Art as A Window into the Past: Paintings and History in Mughal India 594 GLOBAL CONNECTIONS: Gunpowder Empires and the Restoration of the Islamic Bridge Between Civilizations 597 Further Readings 598 On the Web 599 CHAPTER 27 Asian Transitions in an Age of Global Change 600 The Asian Trading World and the Coming of the Europeans 602 Ming China: A Global Mission Refused 609 7135A01_FM01.qxp_jm 10/12/09 10:14 AM Page vii viii Contents DOCUMENT: Exam Questions as a Mirror of Chinese Values 611 VISUALIZING THE PAST: The Great Ships of the Ming Expeditions that Crossed the Indian Ocean 615 THINKING HISTORICALLY: Means and Motives for Overseas Expansion: Europe and China Compared 616 Fending Off the West: Japan's Reunification and the First Challenge 617 GLOBAL CONNECTIONS: An Age of Eurasian Protoglobalization 621 Further Readings 621 On the Web 622 PART V THE DAWN OF THE INDUSTRIAL AGE, 1750--1914 628 CHAPTER 28 The Emergence of Industrial Society in the West, 1750--1914 636 The Age of Revolution 637 VISUALIZING THE PAST: The French Revolution in Cartoons 640 The Consolidation of the Industrial Order, 1850--1914 644 DOCUMENT: Protesting the Industrial Revolution 646 Cultural Transformations 649 Western Settler Societies 652 THINKING HISTORICALLY: Two Revolutions: Industrial and Atlantic 653 Diplomatic Tensions and World War I 656 GLOBAL CONNECTIONS: Industrial Europe and the World 657 Further Readings 658 On the Web 658 CHAPTER 29 Industrialization and Imperialism: The Making of the European Global Order 660 The Shift to Land Empires in Asia 662 THINKING HISTORICALLY:Western Education and the Rise of an African and Asian Middle Class 668 Industrial Rivalries and the Partition of the World, 1870--1914 670 Patterns of Dominance: Continuity and Change 673 DOCUMENT: Contrary Images: The Colonizer Versus the Colonized on the "Civilizing Mission" 674 VISUALIZING THE PAST: Capitalism and Colonialism 677 GLOBAL CONNECTIONS: A European-Dominated Early Phase of Globalization 682 Further Readings 682 On the Web 683 CHAPTER 30 The Consolidation of Latin America, 1830--1920 684 From Colonies to Nations 685 New Nations Confront Old and New Problems 689 Latin American Economies and World Markets, 1820--1870 692 DOCUMENT: Confronting the Hispanic Heritage: From Independence to Consolidation 698 Societies in Search of Themselves 701 THINKING HISTORICALLY: Explaining Underdevelopment 704 VISUALIZING THE PAST: Images of the Spanish-American War 706 GLOBAL CONNECTIONS: New Latin American Nations and the World 708 Further Readings 710 On the Web 710 CHAPTER 31 Civilizations in Crisis: The Ottoman Empire, the Islamic Heartlands, and Qing China 712 From Empire to Nation: Ottoman Retreat and the Birth of Turkey 713 Western Intrusions and the Crisis in the Arab Islamic Heartlands 717 THINKING HISTORICALLY:Western Dominance and the Decline of Civilizations 718 The Last Dynasty: The Rise and Fall of the Qing Empire in China 723 VISUALIZING THE PAST: Mapping the Decline of Civilizations 724 DOCUMENT: Transforming Imperial China into a Nation 732 GLOBAL CONNECTIONS: Muslim and Chinese Decline and a Shifting Global Balance 733 Further Readings 734 On the Web 734 CHAPTER 32 Russia and Japan: Industrialization Outside the West 736 Russia's Reforms and Industrial Advance 737 DOCUMENT: Conditions for Factory Workers in Russia's Industrialization 742 Protest and Revolution in Russia 743 Japan: Transformation Without Revolution 746 THINKING HISTORICALLY: The Separate Paths of Japan and China 748 VISUALIZING THE PAST: Two Faces ofWestern Influence 751 GLOBAL CONNECTIONS: Russia and Japan in the World 754 Further Readings 754 On the Web 755 PART VI THE NEWEST STAGE OFWORLD HISTORY: 1914--PRESENT 760 CHAPTER 33 Descent into the Abyss:World War I and the Crisis of the European Global Order 770 The Coming of the Great War 772 A World at War 775 VISUALIZING THE PAST: Trench Warfare 776 Failed Peace and Global Turmoil 782 7135A01_FM01.qxp_jm 10/12/09 10:14 AM Page viii Contents ix The Nationalist Assault on the European Colonial Order 783 DOCUMENT: Lessons for the Colonized from the Slaughter in the Trenches 784 THINKING HISTORICALLY:Women in Asian and African Nationalist Movements 792 GLOBAL CONNECTIONS:World War and Global Upheavals 795 Further Readings 795 On the Web 796 CHAPTER 34 The World between the Wars: Revolutions, Depression, and Authoritarian Response 798 The Roaring Twenties 799 Revolution: The First Waves 804 THINKING HISTORICALLY: A Century of Revolutions 810 The Global Great Depression 817 The Authoritarian Response 820 VISUALIZING THE PAST: Guernica and the Images of War 823 DOCUMENT: Socialist Realism 828 GLOBAL CONNECTIONS: Economic Depression, Authoritarian Response, and Democratic Retreat 830 Further Readings 831 On the Web 832 CHAPTER 35 A Second Global Conflict and the End of the European World Order 834 Old and New Causes of a Second World War 835 THINKING HISTORICALLY: Total War, Global Devastation 837 Unchecked Aggression and the Coming of War in Europe and the Pacific 838 The Conduct of a Second Global War 840 DOCUMENT: Japan's Defeat in a Global War 847 War's End and the Emergence of the Superpower Standoff 848 Nationalism and Decolonization in South and Southeast Asia and Africa 849 VISUALIZING THE PAST: National Leaders for a New Global Order 852 GLOBAL CONNECTIONS: Persisting Trends in a World Transformed by War 857 Further Readings 857 On the Web 858 CHAPTER 36 Western Society and Eastern Europe in the Decades of the Cold War 860 After World War II: A New International Setting for the West 860 The Resurgence of Western Europe 864 THINKING HISTORICALLY: The United States and Western Europe: Convergence and Complexity 868 Cold War Allies: The United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand 870 Culture and Society in the West 872 VISUALIZING THE PAST:Women at Work in France and the United States 874 Eastern Europe After World War II: A Soviet Empire 878 Soviet Culture: Promoting New Beliefs and Institutions 881 DOCUMENT: A Cold War Speech 886 GLOBAL CONNECTIONS: The Cold War and the World 887 Further Readings 887 On the Web 888 CHAPTER 37 Latin America: Revolution and Reaction into the 21st Century 890 Latin America After World War II 892 Radical Options in the 1950s 894 VISUALIZING THE PAST: Murals and Posters: Art and Revolution 895 DOCUMENT: The People Speak 898 The Search for Reform and the Military Option 898 THINKING HISTORICALLY: Human Rights in the 20th Century 902 Societies in Search of Change 905 GLOBAL CONNECTIONS: Struggling Toward the Future in a Global Economy 909 Further Readings 910 On the Web 910 CHAPTER 38 Africa, the Middle East, and Asia in the Era of Independence 912 The Challenges of Independence 913 DOCUMENT: Cultural Creativity in the Emerging Nations: Some Literary Samples 921 THINKING HISTORICALLY: Artificial Nations and the Rising Tide of Communal Strife 922 Post-Colonial Options for Achieving Economic Growth and Social Justice 924 Delayed Revolutions: Religious Revivalism and Liberation Movements in Settler Societies 930 VISUALIZING THE PAST: Globalization and Postcolonial Societies 935 GLOBAL CONNECTIONS: Postcolonial Nations in the Cold War World Order 935 Further Readings 936 On the Web 936 CHAPTER 39 Rebirth and Revolution: Nation-Building in East Asia and the Pacific Rim 938 East Asia in the Postwar Settlements 939 The Pacific Rim:More Japans? 946 VISUALIZING THE PAST: Pacific Rim Growth 948 THINKING HISTORICALLY: The Pacific Rim as a U.S. Policy Issue 950 Mao's China: Vanguard of World Revolution? 951 DOCUMENT:Women in the Revolutionary Struggles for Social Justice 956 Colonialism and Revolution in Vietnam 958 GLOBAL CONNECTIONS: East Asia and the Pacific Rim in the Contemporary World 963 7135A01_FM01.qxp_jm 10/12/09 10:14 AM Page ix x Contents Further Readings 964 On the Web 964 CHAPTER 40 Power, Politics, and Conflict in World History, 1990--2010 966 The End of the Cold War 967 VISUALIZING THE PAST: Symbolism in the Breakdown of the Soviet Bloc 974 The Spread of Democracy 975 DOCUMENT: Democratic Protest and Repression in China 976 The Great Powers and New Disputes 977 The United States as Sole Superpower 980 THINKING HISTORICALLY: Terrorism, Then and Now 982 GLOBAL CONNECTIONS: New Global Standards, New Divisions 984 Further Readings 984 On the Web 986 CHAPTER 41 Globalization and Resistance 988 Globalization: Causes and Processes 989 DOCUMENT: Protests Against Globalization 996 Resistance and Alternatives 998 THINKING HISTORICALLY: How Much Historical Change? 999 The Global Environment 1000 VISUALIZING THE PAST: Two Faces of Globalization 1003 Toward the Future 1005 GLOBAL CONNECTIONS: Civilizations and Global Forces 1006 Further Readings 1006 On the Web 1007 Glossary G-1 Credits C-1 Index I-1