Windows Server 2012 Hyper-v Installation and Configuration Guide

Windows Server 2012 Hyper-v Installation and Configuration Guide

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By (author) Aidan Finn, By (author) Patrick Lownds, By (author) Michel Luescher, By (author) Damian Flynn

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  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc
  • Format: Paperback | 600 pages
  • Dimensions: 185mm x 229mm x 41mm | 1,066g
  • Publication date: 5 April 2013
  • Publication City/Country: New York
  • ISBN 10: 1118486498
  • ISBN 13: 9781118486498
  • Sales rank: 248,370

Product description

Go-to guide for using Microsoft's updated Hyper-V as a virtualization solution Windows Server 2012 Hyper-V offers greater scalability, new components, and more options than ever before for large enterprise systems and small/medium businesses. Windows Server 2012 Hyper-V Installation and Configuration Guide is the place to start learning about this new cloud operating system. You'll get up to speed on the architecture, basic deployment and upgrading, creating virtual workloads, designing and implementing advanced network architectures, creating multitenant clouds, backup, disaster recovery, and more. The international team of expert authors offers deep technical detail, as well as hands-on exercises and plenty of real-world scenarios, so you thoroughly understand all features and how best to use them. * Explains how to deploy, use, manage, and maintain the Windows Server 2012 Hyper-V virtualization solutions in large enterprises and small- to medium-businesses * Provides deep technical detail and plenty of exercises showing you how to work with Hyper-V in real-world settings * Shows you how to quickly configure Hyper-V from the GUI and use PowerShell to script and automate common tasks * Covers deploying Hyper-V hosts, managing virtual machines, network fabrics, cloud computing, and using file servers * Also explores virtual SAN storage, creating guest clusters, backup and disaster recovery, using Hyper-V for Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI), and other topics Help make your Hyper-V virtualization solution a success with Windows Server 2012 Hyper-V Installation and Configuration Guide.

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Author information

Aidan Finn (tweet @joe-elway) is an internationally recognized virtualization expert and blogger (www.aidanfinn.com) from Ireland, and a leading voice in the Microsoft community. Patrick Lownds (tweet @PatrickLownds) is head of the Microsoft Virtualization User Group in the UK as well as an industry speaker at TechEd, HP Technology at Work, and elsewhere. Michel Luescher (tweet @michelluescher) is a consultant at Microsoft Switzerland specializing in private cloud solutions, datacenter optimization, and virtualization. He is also a regular industry speaker and writes the blog www.server-talk.eu. Damian Flynn (tweet @damian-flynn) is the principal infrastructure architect for Lionbridge Technologies specializing in private cloud solutions, datacenter optimization, and virtualization. He is also a regular industry speaker and maintains a public technology and Microsoft blog (www.damianflynn.com).

Back cover copy

Make Your Hyper-V Solution a Success Windows Server 2012 Hyper-V is bigger and more robust than ever, offering better virtualization options for small, medium, and large enterprises. Take full advantage of Hyper-V with this expert guide that shows you how to effectively deploy a virtualization or cloud computing platform. You'll learn how to quickly configure Hyper-V from the user interface, use PowerShell to automate routine tasks, and get solid experience through the book's practical, real-world solutions. This international author team, all virtualization experts, thoroughly covers such essential topics as network fabrics and cloud computing, deploying hosts, building Hyper-V clusters, backup and recovery, and much more. Understand the different Hyper-V editions and which one is right for you--Standard, Datacenter, or Hyper-V Server Design, create, configure, and deploy Failover Clustering for highly available virtual machines Implement the new storage solutions and architectures of Windows Server 2012 Set up Hyper-V layer 2 networking and extensible virtual switches Learn how to design converged fabrics to use fewer NICs Explore cloud computing, multi-tenancy, storage, and clusters Make sure your data and services are safe with a full range of backup strategies Discover the various ways to enable disaster recovery using Hyper-V Get up to speed on Hyper-V Replica and Hyper-V for Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI)

Table of contents

Introduction xxv Part 1 The Basics 1 Chapter 1 Introducing Windows Server 2012 Hyper-V 3 Virtualization and Cloud Computing 4 Computing of the Past: Client/Server 4 Computing of the Recent Past: Virtualization 5 Computing of the Present: Cloud Computing 8 Windows Server 2012: Beyond Virtualization 9 Windows Server 2012 Hyper-V 11 The Technical Requirements of Hyper-V 11 The Architecture of Hyper-V 12 Maximum Scalability 15 Supported Guest Operating Systems 18 Licensing Windows Server 2012 in Virtualization 18 Common Misunderstandings in Licensing 19 Windows Server 2012 Licensing 20 Hyper-V Server 2012 23 Virtualization Scenarios 24 VMware 26 Migrating from VMware 27 Transferring Skills to Hyper-V 27 Other Essential Knowledge 28 Microsoft Assessment and Planning Toolkit 28 PowerShell 29 Chapter 2 Deploying Hyper-V 33 Preparing a Hyper-V Deployment 33 Design and Architecture 33 Hardware 36 Operating System 39 Don t Forget the Documentation 41 Windows PowerShell 42 Building the First Hyper-V Host 43 Preparing Windows Server 43 Installing the Hyper-V Role 47 Configuring the Hyper-V Host 48 Providing Security 54 Managing Hyper-V 56 Hyper-V Management Console 57 Hyper-V PowerShell 57 Server Core 59 Upgrading Hyper-V 61 Performing In-Place Migration 62 Using the Windows Server Migration Tools 62 Exporting and Importing Virtual Machines 62 Upgrading Integration Services 64 Real World Solutions 65 Chapter 3 Managing Virtual Machines 71 Creating Virtual Machines 71 Create a Virtual Machine by Using the New Virtual Machine Wizard 72 Create a Virtual Machine by Using PowerShell 77 Designing Virtual Machines 78 Virtual Machine Maximums 78 Auto-Start and Auto-Stop Actions 81 Dynamic Memory 83 Processors 95 Virtual Storage 100 Network Adapters 111 Performing Virtual Machine Operations 117 Adding and Removing Virtual Hardware 117 Working with Snapshots 118 Using Live Migration 124 Importing and Exporting Virtual Machines 138 Installing Operating Systems and Applications 140 Installing Operating Systems 140 Using Virtual Machine Templates 142 Designing Virtual Machines for Applications 143 Performance Monitoring of Guest Operating Systems 143 Real World Solutions 144 Replacing Virtual Switches 144 Performing Simultaneous Live Migration 144 Rapid Virtual Machine Creation 146 Part 2 Advanced Networking and Cloud Computing 153 Chapter 4 Networking 155 Basic Hyper-V Networking 155 Using the Hyper-V Extensible Virtual Switch 156 Supporting VLANs 166 Supporting NIC Teaming 171 Networking Hardware Enhancements 183 Single-Root I/O Virtualization 183 Receive-Side Scaling 187 Dynamic Virtual Machine Queuing 190 IPsec Task Offload 191 Advanced Networking 191 Quality of Service 191 Converged Fabrics 201 Real World Solutions 210 Implementing RSS and DVMQ 210 Creating Converged Fabrics with Isolated SMB Storage 213 Creating Converged Fabrics with DCB and SR-IOV 216 Chapter 5 Cloud Computing 219 Clouds, Tenants, and Segregation 220 The Multi-Tenancy Era 220 Segregation by Isolation 221 Microsoft Network Virtualization 223 Encapsulated Network Virtualization 224 Network Virtualization Abstraction 225 Network Virtualization at Work 232 Network Virtualization Gateways 251 PVLANs 252 Understanding PVLAN Structure 254 Understanding How PVLANs Work 255 Configuring Private VLANs 259 Summary 263 Port Access Control Lists 263 How ACLs Work 263 Extensible Switch Packet Filter 264 DHCP Guard 266 Router Advertisement Guard 267 Hyper-V Virtual Machine Metrics 268 Real World Solutions 270 Part 3 Storage and High Availibility 273 Chapter 6 Microsoft iSCSI Software Target 275 Introducing the Microsoft iSCSI Software Target 275 The Microsoft iSCSI Solution 276 Changes in Windows Server 2012 278 Design and Architecture 280 Building the iSCSI Target 283 Installing a Stand-Alone iSCSI Target 283 Installing a Clustered iSCSI Target 284 Transforming a Stand-Alone to a Clustered iSCSI Target 285 Configuring the iSCSI Target 286 Connecting the Initiator 288 Managing the iSCSI Target Server 289 Storage Providers 289 iSCSI Target SMI-S Provider 289 Best Practice Analyzer 292 PowerShell 293 Migrating 295 Migration to Windows Server 2012 295 VHD Conversion 295 Chapter 7 Using File Servers 297 Introducing Scale-Out File Servers 298 Limitations in Availability and Performance with Windows Server 2008 R2 299 Technical Overview of the Key Changes 300 Installing and Configuring Scale-Out File Servers 309 Complying with Installation Prerequisites 310 Configuring Failover Clustering 311 Configuring Scale-Out File Services 315 Configuring a Continuously Available File Share 316 Windows Server 2012 SMB PowerShell 318 Windows Server 2012 Hyper-V over SMB 30 319 Some Real-World Examples 320 Configuring Windows Server 2012 Hyper-V to Use Scale-Out File Server Cluster 322 Configuring SQL Server to Use Scale-Out File Server Cluster 325 Troubleshooting Scale-Out File Servers 329 Using Troubleshooting Tools 329 Troubleshooting Client Network Connectivity Issues 332 Troubleshooting Access Denied Issues 333 Troubleshooting Cluster Resource Issues 333 Real World Solutions 333 Chapter 8 Building Hyper-V Clusters 335 Introduction to Building Hyper-V Clusters 335 Active Directory Integration 337 Failover Clustering Installation 337 Performing Validation 338 Running Cluster Validation 338 Creating a Failover Cluster 342 Adding Disks 344 Configuring Network Prioritization 345 Cluster Shared Volumes 346 Cluster Shared Volumes Compatibility 346 Prerequisites 347 Enabling Cluster Shared Volumes 348 CSV Namespace 348 CSV Resiliency 348 CSV Optimizations 349 CSV Best Practices 350 BitLocker 351 Prerequisites 351 Installing BitLocker 351 Configuring BitLocker on Cluster Shared Volumes 352 Cluster-Aware Updating 357 Prerequisites 359 Installing and Configuring CAU 360 Highly Available Virtual Machine 370 Implementing a Highly Available Virtual Machine 370 Examining the Virtual Machine Role 371 Virtual Machine Mobility 375 Live-Migrating Virtual Machines 376 Using Live Storage Migration 376 Real World Solutions 378 Chapter 9 Virtual SAN Storage and Guest Clustering 379 Introduction to Virtual SAN Storage 379 Overview of Virtual Fibre Channel 380 Guest Clustering 388 Guest Clustering on a Single Host 388 Guest Clustering across Physical Hosts 389 Guest Clustering across Physical Hosts and Virtual Machines 390 Creating a Guest-Based Cluster 391 Virtual Machine Preparation 391 Virtual Machine Monitoring 393 Configuring Virtual Machine Monitoring 395 Real World Solutions 399 Part 4 Advanced Hyper-V 401 Chapter 10 Backup and Recovery 403 How Backup Works with Hyper-V 403 Volume Shadow Copy Service Framework 403 Virtual Machine Backup Strategies 406 Choosing a Backup Strategy 409 Improvements in Windows Server 2012 Hyper-V Backup 410 Incremental Backup 410 Windows Server Backup 411 Distributed CSV Snapshots 412 VSS for SMB File Shares 414 Using Windows Server Backup 418 Installing Windows Server Backup 419 Protecting Nonclustered Hyper-V Hosts 419 Protecting Hyper-V Clusters 425 The Impact of Backup on the Network 426 Real World Solutions 427 Using WSB to Back up a Hyper-V Host and Retain Backup Data 427 Performing Automated WSB Backup of a Hyper-V Cluster 429 Chapter 11 Disaster Recovery 431 Introducing Disaster Recovery 431 The Evolution of Disaster Recovery 432 Virtualization Simplifies DR 433 DR Architecture for Windows Server 2012 Hyper-V 434 DR Requirements 435 Synchronous and Asynchronous Replication 436 DR Architectures 438 DR Replication Solutions 440 Virtual Machine Connectivity 446 Implementation of a Hyper-V Multi-site Cluster 456 Replication Link Networking 456 Multi-site Cluster Quorum 457 Tuning Cluster Heartbeat 462 Preferred Owners (Hosts) 463 Summarizing Multi-site Clusters 465 Real World Solutions 465 Designing Hybrid DR 465 Designing Hosted Disaster Recovery 466 Chapter 12 Hyper-V Replica 469 Introducing Hyper-V Replica 469 How Hyper-V Replica Works 470 Target Markets for Hyper-V Replica 471 Hyper-V Replica Requirements 472 Bandwidth Requirements 472 What Can You Replicate Between? 473 Enabling Hyper-V Replica between Nonclustered Hosts 475 Enabling Virtual Machine Replication 478 Understanding Copy Methods 479 Replicating a Virtual Machine with Network Copy 480 Replicating a Virtual Machine with Removable Media 486 Replicating a Virtual Machine with Offsite Recovery 488 Using Authentication with Certificates 489 Understanding Certificate Requirements 489 Enabling Hyper-V Replica with HTTPS 490 Replicating Virtual Machines via HTTPS 491 Using Advanced Authorization and Storage 491 Using Hyper-V Replica with Clusters 493 Understanding the Hyper-V Replica Broker 493 Creating the Hyper-V Replica Broker 495 Allowing Replication from a Cluster 497 Allowing Replication to a Cluster 498 Exploring Hyper-V Replica in Greater Detail 498 Hyper-V Replica Logging and Swapping 499 Resynchronization 499 The Performance Impact of Hyper-V Replica 500 Managing Hyper-V Replica 501 Monitoring Replication 501 Managing Replication 504 Setting Up Failover Networking 505 Failover TCP/IP 505 Test Failover Virtual Switch 506 Failing Over Virtual Machines 508 Performing a Test Failover 508 Returning to the Production Site 510 Performing a Planned Failover 510 Performing an Unplanned Failover 512 Summarizing Hyper-V Replica 513 Real World Solutions 514 Enabling Replication for Lots of Virtual Machines 514 Running a Planned Failover 515 Scripting an Ordered Unplanned Failover 517 Chapter 13 Using Hyper-V for Virtual Desktop Infrastructure 521 Using Virtual Desktops, the Modern Work Style 521 What Is VDI? 521 The Benefits of Using Hyper-V for VDI 522 Changes in Windows Server 2012 523 Design and Architecture 524 Building a Microsoft VDI Environment 529 Installing Remote Desktop Services 529 Installing RD Virtualization Hosts 534 Deploying Virtual Guests 536 Connecting to the VDI Environment 539 Real World Solutions 541 Index 543