War and Conscience in Japan: Nambara Shigeru and the Asia-Pacific War

War and Conscience in Japan: Nambara Shigeru and the Asia-Pacific War

Hardback Asian Voices (Hardcover)

By (author) Nambara Shigeru, Edited by Richard H. Minear

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  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
  • Format: Hardback | 230 pages
  • Dimensions: 152mm x 229mm x 23mm | 454g
  • Publication date: 16 December 2010
  • Publication City/Country: Lanham, MD
  • ISBN 10: 074256813X
  • ISBN 13: 9780742568136
  • Edition statement: New.

Product description

One of Japan's most important intellectuals, Nambara Shigeru defended Tokyo Imperial University against its rightist critics and opposed Japan's war. His poetic diary (1936-1945), published only after the war, documents his profound disaffection. In 1945 Nambara became president of Tokyo University and was an eloquent and ardent spokesman for academic freedom. Among his most impressive speeches are two memorials to fallen student-soldiers, which directly confront Nambara's wartime dilemma: what and how to advise students called up to fight a war he did not believe in. In this first English-language collection of his key work, historian and translator Richard H. Minear introduces Nambara's career and thinking before presenting translations of the most important of Nambara's essays, poems, and speeches. A courageous but lonely voice of conscience, Nambara is one of the few mid-century Japanese to whom we can turn for inspiration during that dark period in world history.

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Author information

Nambara Shigeru (1889-1974) was professor of political science at Tokyo Imperial University before and during the Asia-Pacific War then president for six years just after the war. A leading translator of classics of Hiroshima literature, Richard H. Minear is professor of history emeritus at the University of Massachusetts Amherst.

Review quote

Provide[s] a unique lens through which readers can view Nambara's intellectual resistance to the totalitarian state and his anguish over the war. The introduction offers ... rich historical context for the selected works before, during and after World War II... The editor's diligence and talent has produced a set of primary sources in English for understanding Nambara Shigeru's political thought and conveying the genuine and nuanced voice of an intellectual in wartime Japan. It is a valuable book and should serve as a reference for researchers who are interested in the intellectual and political history of modern Japan... Nambara's poems in Japanese and Minear's lucid and elegant translations will be welcomed by students of Japanese literature. Journal of Asian Studies Among all that is valuable in this welcome volume, it is a special delight to have the generous selection from Nambara's poetic diary, which allows us to follow Nambara's intellectual and emotional struggles during the war almost day by day. Minear makes available to us Nambara's example of thoughtful patriotism at a time when we ourselves need such models most. -- Andrew Barshay, University of California, Berkeley Minear gives English-language readers access for the first time to key writings by one of twentieth-century Japan's most important public intellectuals. These careful, lucid translations of Nambara's dissident poetic diary from the years 1936-1945 and of his famously inspirational wartime and postwar speeches bring us one man's struggle to serve both nation and conscience in tumultuous times. -- Kim Brandt, Columbia University Minear combines two scholarly interests: the intellectuals in the Imperial universities, whom he first studied in his Japanese Tradition and Western Law (1970), and the Pacific War, which he first examined in Victor's Justice: The Tokyo War Crimes Trial (1971). With an enviable fluency in translating both the jargon of the professors and the tanka poetic form, he has given us another nuanced perspective on Japanese history. -- Byron K. Marshall, University of Minnesota

Table of contents

Translator's Introduction: War and Conscience in Japan: Nambara Shigeru and the Asia-Pacific War Part I: Nambara's Writings and Speeches before Japan's Surrender "University Autonomy," September 5, 1938 "The Essence of the University," April 1941 "The State and Scholarship," Fall 1942 "The Mission of Scholars and Students," May 1945 "The Theme of Goethe's Faust," May 1945 Part II: Nambara's Poetic Diary, 1936-45 Ideal Forms: A Poetic Diary Part III: Nambara's Speeches after Japan's Surrender "The Mission of Scholars and Students," September 1945 "The Construction of the New Japan," November 1945 "The Creation of a New Japanese Culture," February 11, 1946 "Mourning the Students Who Died in the War," March 30, 1946 "The Emperor's Birthday," April 29, 1946 "What Will Revive the Homeland," September 30, 1946 "Truth Will Be the Final Victor," December 1951 "You Who Inherit the Legacy of the Students Who Died in the War," November 1963