- Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan
- Format: Hardback | 280 pages
- Dimensions: 144mm x 212mm x 22mm | 422g
- Publication date: 18 October 2010
- Publication City/Country: Basingstoke
- ISBN 10: 0230618863
- ISBN 13: 9780230618862
- Edition statement: New.
- Illustrations note: black & white illustrations
This book is the first to provide detailed and comprehensive evidence that various female deities of Graeco-Roman antiquity were conceived of as virgin mothers in the earliest layers of their cults. The primary goddesses explored are Ge/Gaia (Earth), Athena, Demeter, Artemis, Hera, Isis, and Sophia. The study takes previous feminist analysis of such divinities to its logical conclusion. That is, not only does the work affirm that these goddesses in their earliest forms were considered far more potent than they were later envisioned under patriarchy, but it also demonstrates what other authors have only hinted at: that these deities were considered nothing less than parthenogenetic (self-generating) creators who produced the heavens, the earth, and all creatures purely independently. In doing so, the book provides a fresh angle on our understanding of the original nature, attributes, and agency of these deities. Moreover, it resolves the previously confounding paradox of goddesses' simultaneous virginity and motherhood. It suggests that rather than being seen as contradictory, these two co-existent aspects may be understood as forming a complex of "Virgin Motherhood" in which goddesses were considered consortless but nevertheless generative.
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MARGUERITE RIGOGLIOSO is an Adjunct Instructor at the Dominican University of California, USA and the author of The Cult of Divine Birth in Ancient Greece (Palgrave Macmillan, 2009).
"Rigoglioso explores the power of virgin birth, or parthenogenesis, as the primal creative process. The clarity of her analysis reveals how pervasive and influential this motif and its rites were in the ancient world. Most interesting is her remarkable explication of the Eleusinian Mysteries, where - by her application of the 'missing piece' of virgin birth - she makes sense of much that has been passed over or ignored in the ancient texts. This is an original piece of scholarship that dares to imagine traditions at the foundation of Western culture in an entirely new light. As with any paradigm-shifting theory, some may challenge Rigoglioso's interpretations, but all readers will recognize that parthenogenesis, as a symbol of profound spiritual perception, could not have received a more articulate spokesperson. One feels in reading her work that she is writing from inside a tradition that we didn't even know existed, and the authenticity of her writing makes it all the more accessible and inviting."--Gregory Shaw, Professor of Religious Studies, Stonehill College and author of "Theurgy and the Soul: The Neoplatonism of Iamblichus""With this study, Rigoglioso has substantively corrected the common perception that 'a few' of the Greek goddesses have an inconsequential association with parthenogenesis. Her insightful explication of the parthenogenetic motif in the attributes of all the pre-Greek goddesses, as well as in the Thesmophoria and the Eleusinian Mysteries, establishes the generative powers of the Virgin Mother goddesses as a central dynamic in the pre-Greek substratum of Western religion."--Charlene Spretnak, author of "Lost Goddesses of Early Greece"
Table of contents
In the Beginning: Chaos, Nyx and Ge/Gaia Athena/Neith/Metis: Primordial Creatrix of Self-Replication Artemis: Mother of the Wild, Patron of Amazons Hera: Queen of Heaven, Earth, and the Underworld Demeter and Kore/Persephone: Double Goddesses of Parthenogenesis Isis: Meri/Beloved and Mother of Horus Sophia: Divine Generative Force Conclusion