Vicos and Beyond: A Half Century of Applying Anthropology in Peru

Vicos and Beyond: A Half Century of Applying Anthropology in Peru

Paperback

Edited by Tom Greaves, Edited by Ralph Bolton, Edited by Florencia Zapata, Contributions by Clifford R. Barnett, Contributions by Paul L. Doughty, Contributions by Jorge Flores Ochoa, Contributions by Tom Greaves, Contributions by Billie Jean Isbell, Contributions by William Mangin, Contributions by Enrique Mayer

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  • Publisher: AltaMira Press,U.S.
  • Format: Paperback | 358 pages
  • Dimensions: 152mm x 229mm
  • Publication City/Country: California
  • ISBN 10: 0759119759
  • ISBN 13: 9780759119758

Product description

In 1952, Professor Allan Holmberg arranged for Cornell University to lease the Hacienda Vicos, an agricultural estate in the central Peruvian highlands on which some 1800 Quechua-speaking highland peasants resided. Between 1952 and 1957 Holmberg, with colleagues and students, initiated a set of social, economic, and agrarian changes, and nurtured mechanisms for community-based management of the estate by the resident peasants. By the end of a second lease in 1962, sufficient political pressure had been brought to bear on a reluctant national government to force the sale of Vicos to its people. Holmberg's twin goals for the Vicos Project were to bring about community possession of their land base and to study the process as it unfolded, advancing anthropological understanding of cultural change. To describe the process of doing both, he invented the term 'participant intervention.' Despite the large corpus of existing Vicos publications, this book contains much information that here reaches print for the first time. The chapter authors do not entirely agree on various key points regarding the nature of the Vicos Project, the intentions of project personnel and community actors, and what interpretive framework is most valid; in part, these disagreements reflect the relevance and importance of the Vicos Project to contemporary applied anthropologists and the contrasting ways in which any historical event can be explained. Some chapters contrast Vicos with other projects in the southern Andean highlands; others examine new developments at Vicos itself. The conclusion suggests how those changes should be understood, within Andean anthropology and within anthropology more generally.

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Author information

Tom Greaves is emeritus professor of anthropology at Bucknell University. Ralph Bolton is professor of anthropology at Pomona College. Florencia Zapata is Cultural Heritage Program Officer at The Mountain Institute.

Review quote

Full of pros, cons, and new informative details, these insiders' essays offer fresh perspectives on Cornell's audacious social experiment. -- Dwight B. Heath Considered a groundbreaking example of applied anthropology, the Cornell-Peru Project (CPP, 1952-62) is now mostly forgotten. Editors Greaves (emer., Bucknell Univ.), Bolton (Pomona College), and Zapata (The Mountain Institute) have assembled a volume that is part detailed history by surviving members of the project and part evaluation of it by anthropologists who were not part of it. Chapters by researchers describing similar projects and by anthropologists discussing the current state of Vicos round out the book. No consensus emerges as to the CPP's success or failure, but each contribution provides an important perspective on the project, the role of applied anthropology then and now, and the changes in Peruvian society since the 1950s. Graduate students and researchers interested in the relationship between anthropology and development, or the history of the discipline in Latin America, will find the book useful. Undergraduates will find the specificity of the contributions daunting, but those by Jason Pribilsky, Bolton, and Zapata discussing, respectively, anthropology in the era of Cold War politics, the continued relevance of applied anthropology, and a specific case of a cultural heritage program provide treatments accessible to advanced undergraduates. Summing Up: Recommended. Graduate students, researchers, faculty. CHOICE

Table of contents

Chapter 1 Introduction Part 2 Part I. Remembering the Vicos Project Chapter 3 Chapter 1. Who Was That Gringo? Holmberg before Vicos Chapter 4 Chapter 2. Early Years of the Vicos Project from the Perspective of a Sympathetic Participant-Observer Chapter 5 Chapter 3. Lessons from Vicos Chapter 6 Chapter 4. Anthropological Journeys: Vicos and the Callejon de Huaylas 1948-2006 Part 7 Part II. Evaluating the Vicos Project Chapter 8 Chapter 5. Anthropological Hope and Social Reality: Cornell's Vicos Project Re-examined Chapter 9 Chapter 6. Modernizing Peru: Negotiating Indigenismo, Science, and the "Indian Problem" in the Cornell-Peru Project Chapter 10 Chapter 7. Reflections on Vicos: Anthropology, the Cold War, and the Idea of Peasant Conservatism Chapter 11 Chapter 8. Vicos as a Model: A Retrospective Part 12 Part III. Alternatives to the Vicos Project Chapter 13 Chapter 9. Globalizing Andean Society: Migration and Change in Peru's Peasant Communities Chapter 14 Chapter 10. Chijnaya: The Birth and Evolution of an Andean Community; Memories and Reflections of an Applied Anthropologist Chapter 15 Chapter 11. The Case of Kuyo Chico Part 16 Part IV. Vicos Today Chapter 17 Cornell Returns to Vicos, 2005 Chapter 18 Remembering Vicos: Local Memories and Voices Chapter 19 Conclusion Chapter 20 About the Authors Chapter 21 Index