Ultra-Fast Fiber Lasers: Principles and Applications with MATLAB ModelsHardback Optics and Photonics
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- Publisher: CRC Press Inc
- Format: Hardback | 438 pages
- Dimensions: 160mm x 236mm x 30mm | 762g
- Publication date: 2 August 2010
- Publication City/Country: Bosa Roca
- ISBN 10: 1439811288
- ISBN 13: 9781439811283
- Edition: 1
- Edition statement: New.
- Illustrations note: 274 black & white illustrations, 2 black & white tables
- Sales rank: 1,777,655
Ultrashort pulses in mode-locked lasers are receiving focused attention from researchers looking to apply them in a variety of fields, from optical clock technology to measurements of the fundamental constants of nature and ultrahigh-speed optical communications. Ultrashort pulses are especially important for the next generation of ultrahigh-speed optical systems and networks operating at 100 Gbps per carrier. Ultra Fast Fiber Lasers: Principles and Applications with MATLAB(R) Models is a self-contained reference for engineers and others in the fields of applied photonics and optical communications. Covering both fundamentals and advanced research, this book includes both theoretical and experimental results. MATLAB files are included to provide a basic grounding in the simulation of the generation of short pulses and the propagation or circulation around nonlinear fiber rings. With its unique and extensive content, this volume- * Covers fundamental principles involved in the generation of ultrashort pulses employing fiber ring lasers, particularly those that incorporate active optical modulators of amplitude or phase types * Presents experimental techniques for the generation, detection, and characterization of ultrashort pulse sequences derived from several current schemes * Describes the multiplication of ultrashort pulse sequences using the Talbot diffraction effects in the time domain via the use of highly dispersive media * Discusses developments of multiple short pulses in the form of solitons binding together by phase states * Elucidates the generation of short pulse sequences and multiple wavelength channels from a single fiber laser The most practical short pulse sources are always found in the form of guided wave photonic structures. This minimizes problems with alignment and eases coupling into fiber transmission systems. In meeting these requirements, fiber ring lasers operating in active mode serve well as suitable ultrashort pulse sources. It is only a matter of time before scientists building on this research develop the practical and easy-to-use applications that will make ultrahigh-speed optical systems universally available.
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Le Nguyen Binh received his BE (Hons) and Ph.D degrees in electronic engineering and integrated photonics in 1975 and 1980, respectively, from the University of Western Australia, Nedlands, Western Australia. In 1980, he joined the Department of Electrical Engineering at Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia, after a three-year period with Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Camberra, Australia, as a research scientist. In 1995, he was appointed as reader at Monash University. He has worked in the Department of Optical Communications of Siemens AG Central Research Laboratories in Munich, Germany, and in the Advanced Technology Centre of Nortel Networks at Harlow, United Kingdom. He has also served as a visiting professor of the Faculty of Engineering of Christian Albrechts University of Kiel, Germany. Dr. Binh has published more than 250 papers in leading journals and refereed conferences, and three books in the field of photonic signal processing and optical communications: the first is Photonic Signal Processing, the second is Digital Optical Communications and the third on Optical Fiber Communications Systems (both published by CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida). His current research interests are in advanced modulation formats for long haul optical transmission, electronic equalization techniques for optical transmission systems, ultrashort pulse lasers, and photonic signal processing. Nam Quoc Ngo received his BE and PhD degrees in electrical and computer systems engineering from Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, in 1992 and 1998, respectively. From July 1997 to July 2000, he was a lecturer at Griffith University, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Since July 2000, he has been with the School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering (EEE), Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, where he is presently an associate professor. Since March 2009, he has been the deputy director of the Photonics Research Centre at the School of EEE. Among his other significant contributions, he has pioneered the development of the theoretical foundations of arbitrary order temporal optical differentiators and arbitrary-order temporal optical integrators, which resulted in the creation of these two new research areas. He has also pioneered the development of a general theory of the Newton- Cotes digital integrators, from which he has designed a wideband integrator and a wideband differentiator known as the Ngo integrator and the Ngo differentiator, respectively, in the literature. His current research interests are on the design and development of fiber-based and waveguide-based devices for application in optical communication systems and optical sensors. He has published more than 110 international journal papers and over 60 conference papers in these areas. He received two awards for outstanding contributions in his PhD dissertation. He is a senior member of IEEE.
Table of contents
Introduction Ultrahigh Capacity Demands and Short Pulse Lasers Demands Ultrashort Pulse Lasers Principal Objectives of the Book Organization of the Book Chapters Historical Overview of Ultrashort Pulse Fiber Lasers Overview Mode-Locking Mechanism in Fiber Ring Resonators Amplifying Medium and Laser System Active Modulation in Laser Cavity Techniques Generation Terahertz- Repetition-Rate Pulse Trains Necessity of Highly Nonlinear Optical Waveguide Section for Ultrahigh-Speed Modulation References 2 Principles and Analysis of Mode-Locked Fiber Lasers Principles of Mode Locking Mode-Locking Techniques Passive Mode Locking Active Mode Locking by Amplitude Modulation Active Medium and Pump Source Filter Design Modulator Design Active Mode Locking by Phase Modulation Actively Mode-Locked Fiber Lasers Principle of Actively Mode-Locked Fiber Lasers Multiplication of Repetition Rate Equalizing and Stabilizing Pulses in Rational HMLFL Analysis of Actively Mode-Locked Lasers Introduction Analysis Using Self-Consistence Condition w/ Gaussian Pulse Shape Series Approach Analysis Mode Locking Mode Locking without Detuning Simulation Conclusions References 3 Active Mode-Locked Fiber Ring Lasers: Implementation Building Blocks of Active Mode-Locked Fiber Ring Laser Laser Cavity Design Active Medium and Pump Source Filter Design Modulator Design AM and FM Mode-Locked Erbium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser AM Mode-Locked Fiber Lasers FM or PM Mode-Locked Fiber Lasers Regenerative Active Mode-Locked Erbium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser Experimental Setup Results and Discussion Noise Analysis Temporal and Spectral Analysis Measurement Accuracy EDF Cooperative Up-Conversion Pulse Dropout Ultrahigh Repetition-Rate Ultra-Stable Fiber Mode-Locked Lasers Regenerative Mode-Locking Techniques and Conditions for Generation of Transform-Limited Pulses from a Mode-Locked Laser Schematic Structure of MLRL Mode-Locking Conditions Factors Influencing the Design and Performance of Mode Locking and Generation of Optical Pulse Trains Experimental Setup and Results Remarks Conclusions References 4 NLSE Numerical Simulation of Active Mode-Locked Lasers: Time Domain Analysis Introduction The Laser Model Modeling the Optical Fiber Modeling the EDFA Modeling the Optical Modulation Modeling the Optical Filter The Propagation Model Generation and Propagation Results and Discussions Propagation of Optical Pulses in the Fiber Harmonic Mode-Locked Laser Mode-Locked Pulse Evolution Effect of Modulation Frequency Effect of Modulation Depth Effect of the Optical Filter Bandwidth Effect of Pump Power Rational Harmonic Mode-Locked Laser FM or PM Mode-Locked Fiber Lasers Concluding Remarks References 5 Dispersion and Nonlinearity Effects in Active Mode-Locked Fiber Lasers Introduction Propagation of Optical Pulses in a Fiber Dispersion Effect Nonlinear Effect Soliton Propagation Equation in Optical Fibers Dispersion Effects in Actively Mode-Locked Fiber Lasers Zero Detuning Dispersion Effects in Detuned Actively Mode-Locked Fiber Lasers Locking Range Nonlinear Effects in Actively Mode-Locked Fiber Lasers Zero Detuning Detuning in an Actively Mode-Locked Fiber Laser with Nonlinearity Effect Pulse Amplitude Equalization in a Harmonic Mode-Locked Fiber Laser Soliton Formation in Actively Mode-Locked Fiber Lasers with Combined Effect of Dispersion and Nonlinearity Zero Detuning Detuning and Locking Range in a Mode-Locked Fiber Laser with Nonlinearity and Dispersion Effect Detuning and Pulse Shortening Experimental Setup Mode-Locked Pulse Train with 0 GHz Repetition Rate Wavelength Shifting in a Detuned Actively Mode-Locked Fiber Laser with Dispersion Cavity Pulse Shortening and Spectrum Broadening under Nonlinearity Effect Conclusions References 6 Actively Mode-Locked Fiber Lasers with Birefringent Cavity Introduction Birefringence Cavity of an Actively Mode-Locked Fiber Laser Simulation Model Simulation Results Polarization Switching in an Actively Mode-Locked FiberLaser with Birefringence Cavity Experimental Setup Results and Discussion H-Mode Regime V-Mode Regime Dual Orthogonal Polarization States in an Actively Mode-Locked Birefringent Fiber Ring Laser Experimental Setup Results and Discussion Pulse Dropout and Sub-Harmonic Locking Concluding Remarks Ultrafast Tunable Actively Mode-Locked Fiber Lasers Introduction Birefringence Filter Ultrafast Electrically Tunable Filter Based on Electro-Optic Effect of LiNbO3 Lyot Filter and Wavelength Tuning by a Phase Shifter Experimental Results Ultrafast Electrically Tunable MLL Experimental Setup Experimental Results Concluding Remarks Conclusions References 7 Ultrafast Fiber Ring Lasers by Temporal Imaging Repetition Rate Multiplication Techniques Fractional Temporal Talbot Effect Other Repetition Rate Multiplication Techniques Experimental Setup Results and Discussion Uniform Lasing Mode Amplitude Distribution Gaussian Lasing Mode Amplitude Distribution Filter Bandwidth Influence Nonlinear Effects Noise Effects Conclusions References 8 Terahertz Repetition Rate Fiber Ring Laser Gaussian Modulating Signal Rational Harmonic Detuning Experimental Setup Results and Discussion Parametric Amplifier-Based Fiber Ring Laser Parametric Amplification Experimental Setup Results and Discussion Parametric Amplifier Action Ultrahigh Repetition Rate Operation Ultra-Narrow Pulse Operation Intracavity Power Soliton Compression Regenerative Parametric Amplifier-Based Mode-Locked Fiber Ring Laser Experimental Setup Results and Discussion Conclusions References 9 Nonlinear Fiber Ring Lasers Introduction Optical Bistability, Bifurcation, and Chaos Nonlinear Optical Loop Mirror Nonlinear Amplifying Loop Mirror NOLM-NALM Fiber Ring Laser Simulation of Laser Dynamics Experiment Bidirectional Erbium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser Continuous-Wave NOLM-NALM Fiber Ring Laser Amplitude-Modulated NOLM-NALM Fiber Ring Laser Conclusions References 10 Bound Solitons by Active Phase Modulation Mode-Locked Fiber Ring Lasers Introduction Formation of Bound States in an FM Mode-Locked Fiber Ring Laser Experimental Technique Dynamics of Bound States in an FM Mode-Locked Fiber Ring Laser Numerical Model of an FM Mode-Locked Fiber Ring Laser The Formation of the Bound Soliton States Evolution of the Bound Soliton States in the FM Fiber Loop Multi-Bound Soliton Propagation in Optical Fiber Bi-Spectra of Multi-Bound Solitons Definition The Phasor Optical Spectral Analyzers Bi-Spectrum of Duffing Chaotic Systems Conclusions References 11. Actively Mode-Locked Multiwavelength Erbium-Doped Fiber Lasers Introduction Numerical Model of an Actively Mode-Locked Multiwavelength Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser Simulation Results of an Actively Mode-Locked Multiwavelength Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser Effects of Small Positive Dispersion Cavity and Nonlinear Effects on Gain Competition Suppression Using a Highly Nonlinear Fiber Effects of a Large Positive Dispersion and Nonlinear Effects Using a Highly Nonlinear Fiber in the Cavity on Gain Competition Suppression Effects of a Large Negative Dispersion and Nonlinear Effects Using a Highly Nonlinear Fiber in the Cavity on Gain Competition Suppression Effects of Cavity Dispersion and a Hybrid Broadening Gain Medium on the Tolerable Loss Imbalance between the Wavelengths Experimental Validation and Discussion on an Actively Mode-Locked Multiwavelength Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser Conclusions and Suggestions for Future Work References Appendix A: Er-Doped Fiber Amplifier: Optimum Length and Implementation Appendix B: MATLAB(R) Programs for Simulation Appendix C: Abbreviations