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    Twice Dead: Organ Transplants and the Reinvention of Death (California Series in Public Anthropology) (Paperback) By (author) Margaret M. Lock

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    DescriptionTales about organ transplants appear in mythology and folk stories, and surface in documents from medieval times, but only during the past twenty years has medical knowledge and technology been sufficiently advanced for surgeons to perform thousands of transplants each year. In the majority of cases individuals diagnosed as 'brain dead' are the source of the organs without which transplants could not take place. In this compelling and provocative examination, Margaret Lock traces the discourse over the past thirty years that contributed to the locating of a new criterion of death in the brain, and its routinization in clinical practice in North America. She compares this situation with that in Japan where, despite the availability of the necessary technology and expertise, brain death was legally recognized only in 1997, and then under limited and contested circumstances. "Twice Dead" explores the cultural, historical, political, and clinical reasons for the ready acceptance of the new criterion of death in North America and its rejection, until recently, in Japan, with the result that organ transplantation has been severely restricted in that country. This incisive and timely discussion demonstrates that death is not self-evident, that the space between life and death is historically and culturally constructed, fluid, multiple, and open to dispute. In addition to an analysis of that professional literature on and popular representations of the subject, Lock draws on extensive interviews conducted over ten years with physicians working in intensive care units, transplant surgeons, organ recipients, donor families, members of the general public in both Japan and North America, and political activists in Japan opposed to the recognition of brain death. By showing that death can never be understood merely as a biological event, and that cultural, medical, legal, and political dimensions are inevitably implicated in the invention of brain death, "Twice Dead" confronts one of the most troubling questions of our era.

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    Twice Dead
    Organ Transplants and the Reinvention of Death
    Authors and contributors
    By (author) Margaret M. Lock
    Physical properties
    Format: Paperback
    Number of pages: 441
    Width: 152 mm
    Height: 222 mm
    Thickness: 36 mm
    Weight: 699 g
    ISBN 13: 9780520228146
    ISBN 10: 0520228146

    BIC E4L: HEA
    B&T Book Type: NF
    Nielsen BookScan Product Class 3: S6.3
    Ingram Subject Code: PI
    Libri: I-PI
    B&T Modifier: Region of Publication: 01
    BIC subject category V2: JHM
    LC subject heading:
    BIC subject category V2: MBX
    LC subject heading:
    B&T General Subject: 750
    LC subject heading:
    BIC subject category V2: JHBZ
    Warengruppen-Systematik des deutschen Buchhandels: 26920
    B&T Modifier: Academic Level: 02
    BISAC V2.8: MED050000
    B&T Merchandise Category: UP
    DC21: 306.461
    BISAC V2.8: MED085030
    BIC subject category V2: MNQ
    BISAC V2.8: SOC002010
    BIC subject category V2: PSXM
    LC subject heading:
    LC classification: 2001004110
    DC22: 617.9/5/0952
    LC classification: QP89 .L63 2002
    LC subject heading: , ,
    DC22: 617.950952
    LC subject heading: , , ,
    Thema V1.0: JHBZ, JHM, PSX, MBX, MNQ
    Illustrations note
    21 b/w illustrations
    University of California Press
    Imprint name
    University of California Press
    Publication date
    01 December 2001
    Publication City/Country
    Author Information
    Margaret Lock is Professor of Anthropology at McGill University and author of the award-winning Encounters with Aging: Mythologies of Menopause in Japan and North America (1993) and East Asian Medicine in Urban Japan: Varieties of Medical Experience(1980), both from California. Among the books she has coedited are Remaking a World (2001), Social Suffering (1997), and Knowledge, Power, and Practice(1993), all from California. In December 2003, she was awarded the Robert B. Textor and Family Prize for Excellence in Anticipatory Anthropology, of the American Anthropology Association.
    Review quote
    "Margaret Lock produces a superbly scholarly study from her point of view as an academic comparative anthropologist or ethnograpoher....Her approach is informative...precisely because she is exploring the cultural perceptions that are the source of public opinion."--British Medical Journal
    Back cover copy
    Margaret Lock's "Twice Dead is a deeply moving book that raises critically important questions about life and death in the modern world. It is a masterpiece of comparative anthropology and will surely appeal to a wide audience-to people interested in ethics, anthropology, science studies, and studies of the body.--Bruno Latour, author of "Pandora's Hope: Essays on the Reality of Science StudiesThis is an excellent and exceptional book in three distinct ways: first, in making us rethink the recent changes in our criteria for death; second, in the careful comparative anthropology of Japanese and North American attitudes to organ transplants; and third, in making us see clearly the connection between organ transplants and changing criteria for death. What we have often taken innocently as the progress of medicine is an intricate and complex story about the meaning of life and our body parts.--Ian Hacking, author of "The Social Construction of What?"Twice Dead is a marvel of perfect tensions. While eschewing simple cultural dichotomies, it deftly balances the immediacy of interviews with deep historical reflection; its theoretical insights are razor-sharp, yet its spirit is unfailingly compassionate. Wise and eminently readable, Lock's superb book portrays how impersonal, modern technology compels us to grapple with the most intimate, age-old questions-the bonds between bodies and persons, the borders between the living and the dead.--Shigehisa Kuriyama, author of "The Expressiveness of the Body and the Divergence of Greek and Chinese MedicineIn writing "Twice Dead, Lock has performed a magisterial act of scholarship. The text is all-inclusive, fair-minded, and based on the mostscrupulous use of the anthropological armamentarium. A must-read for doctors!--Richard Selzer, M.D., "The Exact Location of the Soul: New and Selected Essays
    Table of contents
    Acknowledgments Preamble: Accidental Death Trauma The Procurement The Gift Death's Shadow 1. Boundary Transgressions and Moral Uncertainty Reanimation 2. Technology in Extremis Narrow Escapes 3. Locating the Moment of Death Jumping the Gun 4. Making Death Uniform Tragedy 5. The Brain-Death "Problem" Aggressive Harvesting 6. Technology as Other: Japanese Modernity and Technology Born of a Brain-Dead Mother 7. Prevailing against Inertia Organ Donor Card 8. Situated Departures Disconcerting Movements 9 Imaginative Continuities Memory Work 10.When Bodies Outlive Persons Procurement Anxiety 11. When Persons Linger in Bodies Musical Feat 12. The Body Transcendent A Court Order 13. The Social Life of Human Organs A Reliable Man An Unsatisfactory Intelligence 14. Revisiting Vivisection Almost Full Circle Reflections Bibliography Index