Traffic and Highway Engineering

Traffic and Highway Engineering

Paperback

By (author) Nicholas Garber, By (author) Lester A. Hoel

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  • Publisher: Nelson Engineering
  • Format: Paperback | 1200 pages
  • Dimensions: 186mm x 230mm x 50mm | 1,819g
  • Publication date: 31 May 2009
  • Publication City/Country: Florence, KY
  • ISBN 10: 0495438537
  • ISBN 13: 9780495438533
  • Edition: 4, Revised
  • Edition statement: International student ed of 2nd revised ed
  • Sales rank: 684,626

Product description

The new edition of Garber and Hoel's best-selling text focuses on giving students insight into all facets of traffic and highway engineering. Students generally come to this course with little knowledge or understanding of the importance of transportation, much less of the extensive career opportunities within the field. Transportation is an extremely broad field, and courses must either cover all transportation modes or focus on specifics. While many topics can be covered with a survey approach, this often lacks sufficient depth and students leave the course without a full understanding of any of the fields. Garber and Hoel's text focuses exclusively on traffic and highway engineering. They begin with a discussion of the pivotal role transportation plays in our society, including employment opportunities, historical impact, and the impact of transportation on our daily lives. This approach gives students a sense of what the field is about and an opportunity to consider some of its challenges. Later chapters focus on specific issues facing transportation engineers. The text uses pedagogical tools such as worked problems, diagrams and tables, reference material, and realistic examples to demonstrate how the material is applied.

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Part 1 - Introduction 1. The Profession of Transportation Engineering - Importance of Transportation; Transportation History; Transportation Employment; Summary; Problems; References 2. Transportation Systems and Organizations - Developing a Transportation System; Modes of Transportation; Transportation Organizations; Summary; Problems; References Part 2 - Traffic Operations 3. Characteristics of the Driver, the Pedestrian, the Vehicle, and the Road - Driver Characteristics; Perception-Reaction Process; Older Drivers' Characteristics; Pedestrian Characteristics; Bicyclists and Bicycles Characteristics; Vehicle Characteristics; Road Characteristics; Summary; Problems; References 4. Traffic Engineering Studies - Spot Speed Studies; Volume Studies; Travel Time and Delay Studies; Parking Studies; Summary; Problems; References 5. Highway Safety - Issues Involved in Transportation Safety; Strategic Highway Safety Plans; Effectiveness of Safety Design Features; Summary; Problems; References 6. Fundamental Principles of Traffic Flow - Traffic Flow Elements; Flow-Density Relationships; Shock Waves in Traffic Streams; Gap and Gap Acceptance; Introduction to Queuing Theory; Summary; Problems 7. Intersection Design - Types of At-Grade Intersections; Design Principles for At-Grade Intersections; Design of Railroad Grade Crossings; Summary; Problems; References 8. Intersection Control - General Concepts of Traffic Control; Conflict Points at Intersections; Types of Intersection Control; Signal Timing for Different Color Indications; Freeway Ramps; Summary; Problems; References 9. Capacity and Level of Service: Two-Lane and Multilane Highways - Two-Lane Highways; Freeways; Multilane highways; Summary; Problems; References; Appendix: Tables 10. Capacity and Level of Service at Signalized Intersections - Definitions of Some Common Terms; Level of Service at Signalized Intersections; Summary; Problems; References; Appendix:Tables Part 3 - Transportation Planning 11. The Transportation Planning Process - Basic Elements of Transportation Planning; Transportation Planning Institutions; Urban Transportation Planning; Forecasting Travel; Summary; Problems; References 12. Forecasting Travel Demand - Demand Forecasting Approaches; Trip Generation; Trip Distribution; Mode Choice; Traffic Assignment; Other Methods for Forecasting Demand; Estimating Freight Demand; Traffic Impact Studies; Summary; Problems; References 13. Evaluating Transportation Alternatives - Basic Issues in Evaluation; Evaluation Based on Economic Criteria; Evaluation Based on Multiple Criteria; Summary; Problems; References Part 4 - Location, Geometrics, and Drainage 14. Highway Surveys and Location - Principles of Highway Location; Highway Survey Methods; Highway Earthwork and Final Plans; Summary; Problems; References 15. Geometric Design of Highway Facilities - Factors Influencing Highway Design; Design of the Alignment; Special Facilities for Heavy Vehicles on Steep Grades; Bicycle Facilities; Parking Facilities; Computer Use in Geometric Design; Summary; Problems; References 16. Highway Drainage - Surface Drainage; Highway Drainage Structures; Sediment and Erosion Control; Hydrologic Considerations; Unit Hydrographs; Hydraulic Design of Highway Drainage Structures; Subsurface Drainage; Economic Analysis; Summary; Problems; References; Additional Readings Part 5 - Materials and Pavements 17. Soil Engineering for Highway Design - Soil Characteristics; Basic Engineering Properties of Soils; Classification of Soils for Highway Use; Soil Surveys for Highway Construction; Soil Compaction; Special Soil Tests for Pavement Design; Frost Action in Soils; Summary; Problems; References 18. Bituminous Materials - Sources of Asphalt; Description and Uses of Bituminous Binders; Properties of Asphalt Materials; Tests for Asphalt Materials; Asphalt Mixtures; Superpave Systems; Summary; Problems; References 19. Design of Flexible Pavements - Structural Components of a Flexible Pavement; Soil Stabilization; General Principles of Flexible Pavement Design; Summary; Problems; References 20. Design of Rigid Pavements - Materials Used in Rigid Pavements; Joints in Concrete Pavements; Types of Rigid Highway Pavements; Pumping of Rigid Pavements; Thickness Design of Rigid Pavements; Summary; Problems; References 21. Pavement Management - Problems of Highway Rehabilitation; Methods for Determining Roadway Condition; Pavement Condition Prediction; Pavement Rehabilitation; Pavement Rehabilitation Programming; GIS and Pavement Management; Summary; Problems; References Appendixes Index

Table of contents

Part 1 - Introduction 1. The Profession of Transportation Engineering - Importance of Transportation; Transportation History; Transportation Employment; Summary; Problems; References 2. Transportation Systems and Organizations - Developing a Transportation System; Modes of Transportation; Transportation Organizations; Summary; Problems; References Part 2 - Traffic Operations 3. Characteristics of the Driver, the Pedestrian, the Vehicle, and the Road - Driver Characteristics; Perception-Reaction Process; Older Drivers' Characteristics; Pedestrian Characteristics; Bicyclists and Bicycles Characteristics; Vehicle Characteristics; Road Characteristics; Summary; Problems; References 4. Traffic Engineering Studies - Spot Speed Studies; Volume Studies; Travel Time and Delay Studies; Parking Studies; Summary; Problems; References 5. Highway Safety - Issues Involved in Transportation Safety; Strategic Highway Safety Plans; Effectiveness of Safety Design Features; Summary; Problems; References 6. Fundamental Principles of Traffic Flow - Traffic Flow Elements; Flow-Density Relationships; Shock Waves in Traffic Streams; Gap and Gap Acceptance; Introduction to Queuing Theory; Summary; Problems 7. Intersection Design - Types of At-Grade Intersections; Design Principles for At-Grade Intersections; Design of Railroad Grade Crossings; Summary; Problems; References 8. Intersection Control - General Concepts of Traffic Control; Conflict Points at Intersections; Types of Intersection Control; Signal Timing for Different Color Indications; Freeway Ramps; Summary; Problems; References 9. Capacity and Level of Service: Two-Lane and Multilane Highways - Two-Lane Highways; Freeways; Multilane highways; Summary; Problems; References; Appendix: Tables 10. Capacity and Level of Service at Signalized Intersections - Definitions of Some Common Terms; Level of Service at Signalized Intersections; Summary; Problems; References; Appendix:Tables Part 3 - Transportation Planning 11. The Transportation Planning Process - Basic Elements of Transportation Planning; Transportation Planning Institutions; Urban Transportation Planning; Forecasting Travel; Summary; Problems; References 12. Forecasting Travel Demand - Demand Forecasting Approaches; Trip Generation; Trip Distribution; Mode Choice; Traffic Assignment; Other Methods for Forecasting Demand; Estimating Freight Demand; Traffic Impact Studies; Summary; Problems; References 13. Evaluating Transportation Alternatives - Basic Issues in Evaluation; Evaluation Based on Economic Criteria; Evaluation Based on Multiple Criteria; Summary; Problems; References Part 4 - Location, Geometrics, and Drainage 14. Highway Surveys and Location - Principles of Highway Location; Highway Survey Methods; Highway Earthwork and Final Plans; Summary; Problems; References 15. Geometric Design of Highway Facilities - Factors Influencing Highway Design; Design of the Alignment; Special Facilities for Heavy Vehicles on Steep Grades; Bicycle Facilities; Parking Facilities; Computer Use in Geometric Design; Summary; Problems; References 16. Highway Drainage - Surface Drainage; Highway Drainage Structures; Sediment and Erosion Control; Hydrologic Considerations; Unit Hydrographs; Hydraulic Design of Highway Drainage Structures; Subsurface Drainage; Economic Analysis; Summary; Problems; References; Additional Readings Part 5 - Materials and Pavements 17. Soil Engineering for Highway Design - Soil Characteristics; Basic Engineering Properties of Soils; Classification of Soils for Highway Use; Soil Surveys for Highway Construction; Soil Compaction; Special Soil Tests for Pavement Design; Frost Action in Soils; Summary; Problems; References 18. Bituminous Materials - Sources of Asphalt; Description and Uses of Bituminous Binders; Properties of Asphalt Materials; Tests for Asphalt Materials; Asphalt Mixtures; Superpave Systems; Summary; Problems; References 19. Design of Flexible Pavements - Structural Components of a Flexible Pavement; Soil Stabilization; General Principles of Flexible Pavement Design; Summary; Problems; References 20. Design of Rigid Pavements - Materials Used in Rigid Pavements; Joints in Concrete Pavements; Types of Rigid Highway Pavements; Pumping of Rigid Pavements; Thickness Design of Rigid Pavements; Summary; Problems; References 21. Pavement Management - Problems of Highway Rehabilitation; Methods for Determining Roadway Condition; Pavement Condition Prediction; Pavement Rehabilitation; Pavement Rehabilitation Programming; GIS and Pavement Management; Summary; Problems; References Appendixes Index