- Publisher: University of California Press
- Format: Hardback | 558 pages
- Dimensions: 152mm x 229mm x 43mm | 907g
- Publication date: 10 April 2012
- Publication City/Country: Berkerley
- ISBN 10: 0520269306
- ISBN 13: 9780520269309
- Edition statement: New.
- Illustrations note: 1 map
- Sales rank: 602,659
This groundbreaking study brings into dialogue for the first time the writings of Julian, the last non-Christian Roman Emperor, and his most outspoken critic, Bishop Gregory of Nazianzus, a central figure of Christianity. Susanna Elm compares these two men not to draw out the obvious contrast between the Church and the Emperor's neo-Paganism, but rather to find their common intellectual and social grounding. Her insightful analysis, supplemented by her magisterial command of sources, demonstrates the ways in which both men were part of the same dialectical whole. Elm recasts both Julian and Gregory as men entirely of their times, showing how the Roman Empire in fact provided Christianity with the ideological and social matrix without which its longevity and dynamism would have been inconceivable.
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Susanna Elm is Professor of History and Classics at the University of California, Berkeley. She is the author of Virgins of God: The Making of Asceticism in Late Antiquity.
"A learned study of how the writings of two religious rivals ... were products of the same cultural koine, Hellenism... Recommended." -- K. W. Harl, Tulane University Choice 20121201 "The refined corrective [Elms] brings to the dominant portrayals of her two protagonists is itself noteworthy, but her book does much more." Bryn Mawr Classical Review (BMCR) 20130102
"In this magisterial study, Susanna Elm illuminates fresh and persuasive connections between intellectual life and imperial politics in the late Roman empire, describing complex concepts with consummate ease and in a splendidly fluent style. "Sons of Hellenism" is a model of what a history of ideas should be."--John Anthony McGuckin, Professor of Byzantine Christian History, Columbia University "With this book, Susanna Elm has blown an irreparable hole in the wall that has long separated the study of philosophy, theology, and politics in the ancient world. "Sons of Hellenism" is an intellectual "tour de force" and a master work in every respect."--H.A. Drake, author of "Constantine and the Bishops: The Politics of Intolerance"
Table of contents
Abbreviations Acknowledgments Introduction Universalism and Governance Julian the Emperor and Gregory the Theologian Gregory and the Bishops Julian and Gregory in Context Part I 1. Nazianzus and the Eastern Empire, 330 361 Nazianzus and Gregory: The Personal and the Local Constantinople: Emperor, Cosmopolis, and Cosmos Constantius's Triumph: Unity and Harmony, 358 360 Reversal: Constantius and Julian Augustus, 360 361 2. Julian, from Caesar to Augustus: Paris to Constantinople, 355 362 Toward Constantinople: From Caesar to Augustus, 360 361 Julian's Concepts of Leadership: Philosopher and King 3. Philosopher, Leader, Priest: Julian in Constantinople, Spring 362 The Context of Julian's Concepts of the True Philosophical Life A Philosopher as Leader, in Julian's Own Words: Against the Cynic Heraclius A Universal Divinity for a Universal Empire; or, How to Interpret Myth: Hymn to the Mother of the Gods How to Achieve True Philosophy: Against the Uneducated Cynics The Law Regarding Teachers Part II 4. On the True Philosophical Life and Ideal Christian Leadership: Gregory's Inaugural Address, Oration 2 A High-Wire Act: The True Philosophical Life as the Model of Priesthood in Late Antiquity The Codes of Aptitude 5. The Most Potent Pharmakon: Gregory the Elder and Nazianzus The Other High-Wire Act: Fathers and Sons The Royal Road: Gregory the Elder's Opponents at Nazianzus 6. Armed like a Hoplite Gregory the Political Philosopher at War: Eunomius, Photinus, and Julian Oikeiosis pros Theon as Political Philosophy The Enemy on the Inside: Photinus and Eunomius What Do Words Mean? Oikeiosis pros Theon: Oration 2 against Eunomius Part III 7. A Health-Giving Star Shining on the East: Julian in Antioch, July 362 to March 363 The Emperor as Priest Julian's Divine Mandate The Platonic Philosopher-King: The Misopogon and Julian's Universal Vision 8. The Making of the Apostate: Gregory's Oration 4 against Julian The Pillar of Infamy: An Inverted Furstenspiegel Imperial Decrees and Divine Enactments: Julian and Constantius 9. A Bloodless Sacrifice of Words to the Word: Logoi for the Logos Myth and Allegory Logoi: The Theological Implications Apostasis versus Theosis; or, True Oikeiosis pros Theon Oration 6, On Peace: Unity and Concord 10. Gregory's Second Strike, Oration 5 The Pagan Context Gregory's Second Strike against the Pagans Procopius versus Valens Conclusion: Visions of Rome Governing the Oikoumene Authority and Kinship of the Elites Competing Universalisms Notes Bibliography Index