Smoke Signals for the Gods: Ancient Greek Sacrifice from the Archaic Through Roman PeriodsHardback
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- Publisher: Oxford University Press Inc
- Format: Hardback | 448 pages
- Dimensions: 165mm x 236mm x 41mm | 748g
- Publication date: 17 January 2013
- Publication City/Country: New York
- ISBN 10: 0199916403
- ISBN 13: 9780199916405
- Illustrations note: 17 illus.
- Sales rank: 1,095,047
Animal sacrifice has been critical to the study of ancient Mediterranean religions since the eighteenth century. More recently, two leading views on sacrifice have dominated the subject: the psychological approach of Walter Burkert and the sociological one by Jean-Pierre Vernant and Marcel Detienne. These two perspectives have argued that the main feature of sacrifice is allaying feelings of guilt at the slaughter of sacrificial animals. However, both approaches leave little room for the role of the priests and the gods they hope to communicate with. Nor do they allow for comparison between animal sacrifice and other oblations offered to the gods. F. S. Naiden redresses the omission of these salient features to show that, far from being an attempt to assuage guilt or achieve solidarity, animal sacrifice is an attempt to make contact with a divine being, and that it is so important for-and perceived to be so risky for-the worshippers that it becomes subject to regulations of unequaled extent and complexity. Sacrificial priests are the most closely regulated of all Greek officials, and sacrifice itself is the most closely regulated public business. All this anxiety and effort invites some explanation, yet to date scholars have paid little attention to these regulations. Smoke Signals for the Gods addresses these, while drawing on recent work on Greek sacred law and Greek religious terminology. Furthermore, it seek to explain how mistaken views of sacrifice and animals arose, and traces them farther into the past, often back to early Christianity. Drawing on a wealth of sources, this book provides a complete picture of ancient animal sacrifice.
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F. S. Naiden is Associate Professor of History at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
"Naiden is the first scholar to pull together so many accounts of sacrifice in such a sophisticated fashion, and he exhibits a masterful range. His collection of anecdotes and testimonia will benefit generations of scholars, who could only look to the abbreviated entries in lexica or handbooks like ThesCRA, which do not aim to be comprehensive. Naiden embraces the full spectrum and is able to collapse it all into an accessible paradigm based on human desire for divine approval and assistance. It's brilliantly simple and the narrative he creates renders a dizzying variety of ancient testimony and criticism into a bite-sized format. He has effectively dismantled the 20th century theories, creating a new point of reference for Classical studies on this topic."--Bryn Mawr Classical Review"Naiden's Ancient Supplication cogently demonstrated that supplicating the gods was a complex, multi-stage ritual. He now turns to the act of (especially blood) sacrifice, focusing on the centrality of the ritual in ancient Greece, but with due consideration of Hebraic and Roman practices.... He argues, often wittily, that current explanatory models are constructed of theories, prejudices, and ancient literary evidence, inadequately incorporating iconographic and epigraphic evidence. The author considers the full range of evidence to place the gods as central to the sacrificial ritual. More precisely, he analyzes what those sacrificing expected of the gods (and humans did not always receive what they requested).... Those who follow Walter Burkert, Marcel Detienne, and Jean-Pierre Vernant, for example, may wish to reconsider their understanding of sacrifice.... Essential."--P. B. Harvey Jr., CHOICE"Sacrifice has long been recognised as the central Greek ritual. Fred Naiden's book puts its study on a completely new footing and transcends the older studies by Walter Burkert and Jean-Pierre Vernant. All students will from now on have to start with his book. It is a milesto
Table of contents
Spelling and Abbreviations ; Preface ; Captions ; 1. The Invention of a Ritual ; 2. Venues and Offerings ; 3. Prayers and Answers ; 4. God Says "No" ; 5. Rules, Rewards, and Experts ; 6. Markets and Messes ; 7. A Detective Story ; 8. The Demise of a Ritual ; Appendices A & B ; Bibliography ; Index