The Silent Holocaust: Romania and its JewsHardback Reference Guides to the State Constitutions of the United States
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- Publisher: Greenwood Press
- Format: Hardback | 264 pages
- Dimensions: 155mm x 231mm x 25mm | 612g
- Publication date: 22 January 1992
- Publication City/Country: Westport
- ISBN 10: 0313279853
- ISBN 13: 9780313279850
- Edition statement: New.
- Illustrations note: 1, black & white illustrations
We commonly associate the term Holocaust with Nuremberg and Kristallnacht, the Warsaw and Vilna ghettos, Auschwitz and Treblinka. Appearing as they do in countless books and films, these symbols of hatred penetrate our consciousness, memory, and history. But, unfortunately, our memory is selective, and, in the case of Romania, our knowledge is scant. In 1939 the Jewish population of Romania exceeded 750,000: the third largest concentration of Jews in Europe. By 1944, some 400,000 had disappeared. Another 150,000 Ukrainian Jews died at the hands of Romanian soldiers. In the quest for a final solution Romania proved to be Hitler's most enthusiastic ally. In The Silent Holocaust, Butnaru, himself a survivor of the Romanian labor camps, provides a full account and demonstrates that anti-Semitism was a central force in Romania's history. He begins by examining the precarious status of Romanian Jewry in the years prior to World War I. He then reviews the period to the establishment in September, 1940, of the National Legionary State, a period when anti-Semitism became the unifying force in politics. The remainder of the book covers the Holocaust years, and reveals that Romania's premeditated mass murder of Jews was well underway before the Reich's gas chambers became operational. The Silent Holocaust has been called a work of epic and historical worth and it is invaluable for students of World War II, the Holocaust, and Jewish and Eastern European studies.
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I. C. BUTNARU was in a Romanian labor camp during World War II and lectures on the Holocaust and the arts at Boston University. He was a member of the Society of Romanian Writers. Forbidden to write freely on political issues in Communist Romania, he immigrated to the United States in 1974. He is the author of five earlier books.
?The collapse of communism has opened up archives on the Holocaust that will affect the writing about it in Eastern Europe forever. The major impact of the new research will be in the details of documentation, but in the long run, the conceptualization of events that led to the Jewish tragedy may also change. Although he has collected a great deal of information about the Jews during the pre-Holocaust and Holocaust period in Romania, Butnaru, unfortunately, has not been able to take advantage of the altered conditions in the country of his birth. The purpose of the book is to present a viewpoint rather than an analysis of the events that it describes. The author states: "The book wishes only to be a cry to strip away the layers of indifference and guilty silence." On that level the author succeeds fully.?-Choice
Table of contents
A Romanian problem - the Jewish problem; Romania for the Romanians, and only for Romanians; They have written a page of apocalyptic shame in the psalter of the Romanian people; Behind the rainbow; anti-Semitic legislation in Romania.