Semiotics and the Philosophy of Language

Semiotics and the Philosophy of Language

Paperback Advances in Semiotics (Paperback)

By (author) Umberto Eco

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  • Publisher: Indiana University Press
  • Format: Paperback | 256 pages
  • Dimensions: 155mm x 229mm x 20mm | 386g
  • Publication date: 22 July 1986
  • Publication City/Country: Bloomington, IN
  • ISBN 10: 0253203988
  • ISBN 13: 9780253203984
  • Edition statement: Reprint
  • Sales rank: 225,044

Product description

"Eco wittily and enchantingly develops themes often touched on in his previous works, but he delves deeper into their complex nature... this collection can be read with pleasure by those unversed in semiotic theory." Times Literary Supplement"

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Review quote

"Eco wittily and enchantingly develops themes often touched on in his previous works, but he delves deeper into their complex nature ... this collection can be read with pleasure by those unversed in semiotic theory." Times Literary Supplement

Table of contents

Note Introduction 1. Signs 1.1. Crisis of a concept 1.2. The signs of an obstinacy 1.3. Intension and extension 1.4. Elusive solutions 1.5. The deconstruction of the linguistic sign 1.5.1. Sign vs. figura 1.5.2. Signs vs. sentences 1.5.3. The sign as difference 1.5.4. The predominance of the signifier 1.5.5 Sign vs. text 1.5.6. The sign as identity 1.6. Signs vs. words 1.7. The stoics 1.8. Unification of the theories and the predominance of linguistics 1.9. The OinstructionalO model 1.10. Strong codes and weak codes 1.11. Abduction and inferential nature of signs 1.12. The criterion of interpretability 1.13. Sign and subject 2. Dictionary vs. Encyclopedia 2.1. Porphyry strikes back 2.1.1. Is a definition an interpretation? 2.1.2. The idea of a dictionary 2.1.3. The interpretation of the markers 2.2 Critique of the Porphyrian tree 2.2.1 Aristotle on definition 2.2.2. The Porphyrian tree 2.2.3. A tree which is not a tree 2.2.4. The tree is entirely made up with differentiae 2.2.5. Differentiae as accidents and signs 2.3. Encyclopedias 2.3.1. Some attempts: registering contexts and topics 2.3.2. Some attempts: registering frames and scripts 2.3.3 Some attempts: stereotypes and commonsense knowledge 2.3.4. Clusters 2.3.5. The encyclopedia as labyrinth 2.3.6. The dictionary as a tool 3. Metaphor 3.1. The metaphoric nexus 3.2. Traditional definitions 3.3. Aristotle: synecdoche and Porphyrian tree 3.4. Aristotle: metaphors of three terms 3.5. Aristotle: the proportional scheme 3.6. Proportion and condensation 3.7. Dictionary and encyclopedia 3.8. The cognitive function 3.9. The semiosic background: the system of content 3.9.1. The medieval encyclopedia and analogia entis 3.9.2. TesauroOs categorical index 3.9.3. Vico and the cultural conditions of invention 3.10. The limits of formalization 3.11. Componential representation and the pragmatics of the text 3.11.1. A model by OcasesO 3.11.2. Metonymy 3.11.3. OTopicO, OframesO, isotopies 3.11.4. Trival metaphors and OopenO metaphors 3.11.5. Five rules 3.11.6 From metaphors to symbolic interpretation 3.12. Conclusions 4. Symbol 4.1. Genus and species 4.2. Expressions by ratio facilis 4.2.1. Symbols as conventional expressions 4.2.2 Symbols as expressions conveying an indirect meaning 4.3. Expressions produced by ratio difficilis 4.3.1. Symbols as diagrams 4.3.2. Symbols as tropes 4.3.3. The Romantic symbol as an aesthetic text 4.4. The symbolic mode 4.4.1. The Hegelian symbol 4.4.2. Archetypes and the Sacred 4.4.3. The symbolic interpretation of the Holy Scriptures 4.4.4. The Kabalistic drift 4.5. Semiotics of the symbolic mode 4.6. Conclusions 5. Code 5.1. The rise of new category 5.1.1 A metaphor? 5.1.2. Dictionaries 5.2. The landslide effect 5.3. Codes and communication 5.4. Codes as s-codes 5.4.1. Codes and information 5.4.2. Phonological code 5.4.3. Semantic s-codes 5.5. Cryptography and natural languages 5.5.1. Codes, ciphers, cloaks 5.5.2. From correlation to inference 5.5.3. Codes and grammars 5.6. S-codes and signification 5.6.1. S-codes cannot lie 5.6.2. S-codes and institutional codes 5.7 The genetic code 5.8. Toward a provisonal conclusion 6. Isotopy 6.1. Discursive isotopies within sentences with paradigmatic disjunction 6.2. Discursive isotopies within sentences with syntagmatic disjunction 6.3. Discursive isotopies between sentences with paradigmatic disjunction 6.4. Discursive isotopies between sentences with syntagmatic disjunction 6.5. Narrative isotopies connected with isotopic discursive disjunctions generating mutually exlusive stories 6.6 Narrative isotopies connected with isotopic discursive disjunctions that generate complementary stories 6.7. Narrative isotopies connected with discursive isotopic disjunctions that generate complementary stoies in each case 6.8. Extensional isotopies 6.9. Provisional conclusions 7. Mirrors 7.1. Is the mirror image a sign? 7.2. The imaginary and the symbolic 7.3. Getting in through the Mirror 7.4. A phenomenology of the mirror: the mirror does not invert 7.5. A pragmatics of the mirror 7.6. The mirror as a prosthesis and a channel 7.7. Absolute icons 7.8. Mirrors as rigid designators 7.9. On signs 7.10. Why mirrors do not produce signs 7.11. Freaks: distorting mirrors 7.12. Procatoptric staging 7.13. Rainbows and Fata Morganas 7.14. Catoptric theaters 7.15. Mirrors that OfreezeO images 7.16. The experimentum crucis References Index of authors Index of subjects