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    Sagehood: The Contemporary Significance of Neo-Confucian Philosophy (Hardback) By (author) Stephen C. Angle

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    DescriptionNeo-Confucianism is the sophisticated revival of Confucian theorizing, responding to challenges from Buddhism and Daoism, which began around 1000 C.E. and came to dominate the Chinese intellectual scene for centuries thereafter. What would happen if we took Neo-Confucianism and its central ideal of sagehood seriously as contemporary philosophy? Sagehood represents supreme human virtue: a flawless, empathetic responsiveness to every situation in which one finds oneself. How could this be possible? How might one work toward such a state? According to Neo-Confucians, we should all strive to become sages, whether or not we ultimately achieve it. Taking neo-Confucianism seriously means to explore the ways that its theories of psychology, ethics, education, and politics engage with the views of contemporary philosophers. Angle's book is therefore both an exposition of Neo-Confucian philosophy and a sustained dialogue with many leading Western thinkers-and especially with those philosophers leading the current renewal of interest in virtue ethics. The book's significance is two-fold: it argues for a new stage in the development of contemporary Confucian philosophy, and it demonstrates the value to Western philosophers of engaging with the Neo-Confucian tradition.


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  • Full bibliographic data for Sagehood

    Title
    Sagehood
    Subtitle
    The Contemporary Significance of Neo-Confucian Philosophy
    Authors and contributors
    By (author) Stephen C. Angle
    Physical properties
    Format: Hardback
    Number of pages: 312
    Width: 164 mm
    Height: 243 mm
    Thickness: 25 mm
    Weight: 604 g
    Language
    English
    ISBN
    ISBN 13: 9780195385144
    ISBN 10: 0195385144
    Classifications

    BIC E4L: PHI
    Nielsen BookScan Product Class 3: S2.1
    B&T Book Type: NF
    BIC geographical qualifier V2: 1FPC
    B&T Modifier: Region of Publication: 01
    BISAC V2.8: PHI005000
    B&T Modifier: Subject Development: 01
    BIC subject category V2: HPDF
    BISAC V2.8: LAN009000
    Ingram Subject Code: RS
    Libri: I-RS
    Warengruppen-Systematik des deutschen Buchhandels: 15280
    B&T Modifier: Academic Level: 02
    B&T General Subject: 610
    BISAC V2.8: PHI002000
    B&T Merchandise Category: UP
    BISAC V2.8: PHI003000
    BIC subject category V2: HRKN1, 1FPC
    BISAC V2.8: REL018000
    DC22: 181/.112, 181.112
    LC classification: B127.N4 A54 2009
    LC subject heading: , ,
    Ingram Theme: ASPT/PHILAS
    Thema V1.0: QRRL1, QDHC
    Edition statement
    New ed.
    Publisher
    Oxford University Press Inc
    Imprint name
    Oxford University Press Inc
    Publication date
    12 November 2009
    Publication City/Country
    New York
    Author Information
    Stephen C. Angle is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Wesleyan University.
    Review quote
    "Rarely is a work in comparative philosophy itself an original philosophical contribution. But that is the case in this instance in which Angle...brings Neo-Confucian philosophy into fruitful conversation with contemporary Western, virtue-ethics based analytic philosophers...The result is a presentation of Neo-Confucianism that advances it beyond any previous Neo-Confucian: Angle is the best in the line so far, at least among those writing or written about in English."--Robert Cummings Neville, The Review of Metaphysics"This book does an outstanding job of engaging a wide range of sources not only from different areas of philosophy (such as virtue ethics and Chinese philosophy) but also from the disciplines of religious studies and Asian studies. Indeed, one thing that makes this book worth reading is the way it puts new and interesting sources into conversation with one another in order to shed new light on the topics at hand. While this work is certainly recommended for specialists in comparative ethics and Chinese philosophy, it is also a resource for philosophers interested in learning how non-Western philosophy might potentially contribute to work in ethics today."--Erin Cline, Mind"Throughout the book, Angle makes good use of recent empirical studies.... His book is very accessible for readers with a wide variety of backgrounds. Philosophers with no background in Chinese thought will find challenging and interesting discussions of many issues relevant to their own work. Furthermore, I think this book is also quite appropriate to assign to strong undergraduate students. I recommend it highly."--Bryan W. van Norden, Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews
    Table of contents
    Dedication; Preface; Chronology and Dramatis Personae; ; PART I: KEYWORDS: ; 1 - Sheng/Sage; ; 1.1 "Sage" in the Confucian Tradition; ; 1.1.1 Historical Survey; ; 1.1.2 Neo-Confucianism; ; 1.1.3 Shengren versus Junzi ; 1.2 Western Ideals; ; 1.2.1 Greece; ; 1.2.2 Contemporary Saints and Heroes; ; 1.3 Concerns About Sagehood; ; 1.3.1 Is Sagehood Realistic ? ; 1.3.2 Is Sagehood Desirable? ; 2 - Li/Coherence; ; 2.1 First Steps; ; 2.2 Subjective and Objective; ; 2.2.1 Nature and Subjectivity; ; 2.2.2 Settled Coherence and Objectivity; ; 2.3 Li and Qi ; 2.4 One and Many; ; 2.5 Normativity and Creativity; ; 3 - De/Virtue; ; 3.1 Virtue as a Bridge Concept; ; 3.2 Early ; 3.3 Neo-Confucian ; 3.4 Final Thoughts; ; 4 - He/Harmony; ; 4.1 Early Classical Sources; ; 4.1.1 Complementary Differences; ; 4.1.2 Natural Patterns and Creativity; ; 4.2 The Zhongyong ("Doctrine of the Mean"); ; 4.3 Song Neo-Confucianism; ; 4.4 Wang Yangming: Summary and Initial Engagement; ; 4.4.1 Harmony, Coherence and One Body; ; 4.4.2 A Contemporary Example; ; 4.4.3 Politics; ; PART II: ETHICS AND PSYCHOLOGY; ; 5 - The Scope of Ethics: Dialogue with Slote and Murdoch; ; 5.1 Balance and Harmony in Slote's Agent-Based Ethics; ; 5.1.1 Caring, Humaneness (Ren ?), and Empathy; ; 5.1.2 Two Kinds of Balance; ; 5.1.3 The Motivation for Overall Balance; ; 5.1.4 Agent-Basing; ; 5.1.5 Reverence; ; 5.2 Murdoch on the Importance of a Transcendent Good; ; 5.2.1 Unity, Mystery, and Faith; ; 5.2.2 Selflessness; ; 5.3 Conclusion: The Scope of Ethics; ; 6 - Challenging Harmony: Consistency, Conflicts, and the Status Quo; ; 6.1 Nussbaum and Stohr Against "Harmony"; ; 6.2 Imagination; ; 6.3 Maximization; ; 6.4 Residue; ; 6.4.1 Complicating the Picture; ; 6.4.2 Grief versus Regret; ; 6.5 Dimensions of Dilemmas; ; 6.6 Emotional Vanilla?; ; 6.6.1 Myers's Challenge; ; 6.6.2 Neo-Confucians on Anger; ; 6.6.3 Conclusions; ; 7 - Sagely Ease and Ethical Perception; ; 7.1 Wang Yangming on Analects ; 2:4; the Centrality of "Commitment"; ; 7.1.1 Commitment in Classical Texts; ; 7.1.2 Commitment in Wang Yangming; ; 7.1.3 Deepening Our Commitment; ; 7.2 Connecting "Commitment" to "Unity of Knowledge and Action"; ; 7.3 Cua on commitment to realizing a harmonious world; ; 7.3.1 Active Moral Perception; ; 7.3.2 Creativity Revisited; ; 7.4 A Fuller Picture; ; 7.4.1 Murdoch on M and D; ; 7.4.2 Intrusions of the Self; ; 7.4.3 "True Vision Occasions Right Conduct"; ; PART III: EDUCATION AND POLITICS: ; 8 - Learning to Look for Harmony; ; 8.1. Stages of Ethical Education; ; 8.1.1 Lesser Learning; ; 8.1.2 Establishing a Commitment; ; 8.1.3 Matur(ing) Commitment; ; 8.2. Practices of self-improvement; ; 8.2.1 Spiritual Exercises; ; 8.2.2 Ritual; ; 8.2.3 Reading; ; 8.2.4 Attention - First Steps; ; 8.2.5 Reverence; ; 8.2.6 Further Implications; ; 8.2.7 Reverence and Coherence; ; 8.2.8 Self-Restraint and Quiet Sitting; ; 8.2.9 Conclusion; ; 9 - Engaging Practices; ; 9.1 The Nature of Commitments; ; 9.2 Stages and the Accessibility of Sagely Ideals; ; 9.3 Attention Revisited; ; 9.4 Imagination and Fantasy; ; 9.5 Dialogue; ; 9.6 Faith and Belief; ; 10 - The Political Problem; ; 10.1 Introduction: The Trouble with Sagehood; ; 10.2 Sage and Politics in Song-Qing Neo-Confucianism; ; 10.2.1 Sage-King ideal; ; 10.2.2 Limits and Guidance; ; 10.2.3 Ritual; 10.2.4 Institutions; ; 10.2.5 Vaulting Ambition: Rulers Who Think They are Sages; ; 10.3 Confucian Soft Authoritarianism; ; 10.4 Separating the Moral from the Political?; ; 10.4.1 Yu Yingshi and Xu Fuguan; ; 10.4.2 Mou Zongsan; ; 11 - Sages and Politics: A Way Forward; ; 11.1 Perfection and Fallibility; ; 11.2 Reverence and Ritual; ; 11.3 Perfectionism and Institutions; ; 11.3.1 Moderate Perfectionism; ; 11.3.2 Confucian State Perfectionism; ; 11.3.3 Specificity and Particularism; ; 11.4 Participation; ; 11.4.1 Three Arguments; ; 11.4.2 Implications and Objections; ; 11.5 Laws and Rights as a System of Second Resort; ; 11.5.1 Rule by Law; ; 11.5.2 Law and Morality; ; 11.5.3 A Confucian Approach; ; Conclusion: The Future of Contemporary Confucianisms; Bibliography; Index Locorum; General Index