The Rule of Empires: Those Who Built Them, Those Who Endured Them, and Why They Always Fall

The Rule of Empires: Those Who Built Them, Those Who Endured Them, and Why They Always Fall

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By (author) Timothy H. Parsons

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  • Publisher: Oxford University Press Inc
  • Format: Paperback | 496 pages
  • Dimensions: 155mm x 231mm x 36mm | 658g
  • Publication date: 8 November 2012
  • Publication City/Country: New York
  • ISBN 10: 0199931151
  • ISBN 13: 9780199931156
  • Edition statement: Reprint
  • Illustrations note: 7 maps
  • Sales rank: 631,806

Product description

In The Rule of Empires, Timothy Parsons gives a sweeping account of the evolution of empire from its origins in ancient Rome to its most recent twentieth-century embodiment. He explains what constitutes an empire and offers suggestions about what empires of the past can tell us about our own historical moment. Using imperial examples that stretch from ancient Rome to Britain's "new" imperialism in Kenya to the Third Reich, Parsons considers the features common to all empires, their evolutions and self-justifying myths, and the reasons for their inevitable decline. Parsons argues that far from confirming a Darwinian hierarchy of advanced and primitive societies, conquests were simply the products of a temporary advantage in military technology, wealth, and political will. Beneath the self-justifying rhetoric of benevolent paternalism and cultural superiority lay economic exploitation and the desire for power. Yet imperial ambitions still appear viable in the twenty-first century, Parsons shows, because their defenders and detractors alike employ abstract and romanticized perspectives that fail to grasp the historical reality of subjugation. Writing from the perspective of the common subject rather than that of the imperial conquerors, Parsons offers a historically grounded cautionary tale rich with accounts of subjugated peoples throwing off the yoke of empire time and time again. In providing an accurate picture of what it is like to live as a subject, The Rule of Empires lays bare the rationalizations of imperial conquerors and their apologists and exposes the true limits of hard power.

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Author information

Timothy Parsons is a Professor of African History at Washington University. He is the author many books, including The British Imperial Century, 1815-1914: A World History Perspective, and The 1964 Army Mutinies and the Making of Modern East Africa.

Review quote

"Wide ranging, richly detailed, lucidly written, this compelling history of empires stresses the subject peoples on whose back these polities were built and whose resistance often caused their collapse. With his shrewdly selected mix of case studies, Parsons provides us with an important and timely rejoinder against those who romanticize imperial rule." --Dane Kennedy, George Washington University "How refreshing to read a history of imperialism aimed at a broad audience that refuses to blur or soften the brutal effects and origins of empire.... Parsons offers a refreshing, engaging and cogently argued counterweight to the more usual neo-conservative reckoning of empire's alleged benefits." --Philippa Levine, H-Net"A lucid, cold-eyed analysis of the mechanics of imperial control. The result is a compelling critique of empires past and of their latter-day nostalgists." --Publishers Weekly"Parsons, an Africanist by training, samples instructive imperial experiences: Roman Britain, Muslim Spain, Spanish Peru, the East India Company in Italy, Napoleonic Italy, British Kenya, and Vichy France." --Charles S. Maie, Foreign Affairs"Parsons sets an ambitious agenda for his case study on empires and largely succeeds. Explicitly setting out to counter the neoimperialist historiography of the last decade, Parsons uses a series of historic imperial episodes to illustrate the limits of empire and explain why empires subsequently fall.... Students of empire, historical or otherwise, would be well advised to read this book.... Highly recommended." --Choice"Parsons deserves to be commended for tackling such a key question in imperial studies. He offers a thought-provoking interpretation of the dynamics of empire from ancient to modern manifestations. His questions touching the evolution of empires merit serious consideration by historians." --Jodie Mader, Thomas More College "Parsons aims, laudably, to correct the

Table of contents

Introduction: The Subjects of Empire ; 1. Roman Britain: The Myth of the Civilizing Empire ; 2. Muslim Spain: Blurring Subjecthood in Imperial Al-Andalus ; 3. Spanish Peru: Empire by Franchise ; 4. Company India: Private Empire Building ; 5. Napoleonic Italy: Empire Aborted ; 6. British Kenya: The Short Life of the New Imperialism ; 7. France Under the Nazis: Imperial Endpoint ; Conclusion: Imperial Epitaph