Rethinking Context: Language as an Interactive PhenomenonPaperback Studies in the Social & Cultural Foundations of Language
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- Publisher: CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
- Format: Paperback | 372 pages
- Dimensions: 152mm x 224mm x 24mm | 558g
- Publication date: 21 May 1992
- Publication City/Country: Cambridge
- ISBN 10: 0521422884
- ISBN 13: 9780521422888
- Illustrations note: black & white illustrations
- Sales rank: 1,137,429
The last decade has seen a fundamental rethinking of the concept of context. Rather than functioning solely as a constraint on linguistic performance, context is now also analysed as a product of language use. In this new perspective, language and context are seen as interactively achieved phenomena, rather than predefined sets of forms and contents. The essays in this collection, written by many of the leading figures in the social sciences, critically reexamine the concept of context from a variety of different angles and propose new ways of thinking about it with reference to specific human activities such as face-to-face interaction, radio talk, medical diagnosis, political encounters and socialisation practices. Each essay is prefaced by an introduction by the editors which provides relevant theoretical and methodological background and demonstrates its relation to other essays in the volume. The editors' general introduction provides a lucid overview of the issues currently debated. Rethinking Context will be required reading for everyone working within the fields of linguistic anthropology, sociolinguistics, discourse analysis, pragmatics, conversation analysis and the sociology of language.
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"This collection of extremely well-written and well-argued essays will have a broad appeal for students of language, interaction, coversation analysis, discourse analysis, and sociolinguistics. This book will be useful for graduate courses in those areas, as well as in qualitative methodology, because defining and understanding context are important for qualitative research, not just that which directly focuses on language use." Angela Garcia, Contemporary Sociology "The perspectives represented in the volume are wide-ranging and impressive...The editors, in particular, and their contributors have done the field a service by offering it this volume, the most successful and thought-provoking collection of papers by various researchers that I have seen in some time." Keith Walters, Anthropological Linguistics "...a highly useful demonstration of both the numerous versions of context available in the literature and the importance of being precise in what one means by the term in any particular instance." Gary D. Prideaux, Canadian Journal of Linguistics
Back cover copy
The essays in this collection, written by many of the leading figures in the social sciences, critically reexamine the concept of context from a variety of different angles and propose new ways of thinking abut it with reference to specific human activities such as face-to-face interaction, radio talk, medical diagnosis, political encounters, and socialization practices.
Table of contents
1. Rethinking Context: an introduction Charles Goodwin, and Alessandro Duranti; 2. The indexical ground of Deictic Reference William F. Hanks; 3. Language in context and language as context: the Samoan respect vocabulary Alessandro Duranti; 4. Context contests: debatable truth statements on Tanna (Vanuatu) Lamont Lindstrom; 5. Contextualization, tradition, and the dialogue of contexts: Icelandic Legends of the Kraftaskald Richard Bauman; 6. Assessments and the construction of context Charles Goodwin, and Marjorie Harness Goodwin; 7. In another context Emanuel A. Schegloff; 8. Contextualization and understanding John Gumperz; 9. Contextualization in Kalapalo narratives Ellen Basso; 10. Radio talk-show therapy and the pragmatics of possible worlds Frank Gaik; 11. The interpenetration of communicative contexts: examples from medical encounters Aaron Cicourel; 12. The routinization of repair in courtroom discourse Susan U. Philips; 13. The negotiation of context in face-to-face interaction Adam Kendon; 14. Indexing gender Elinor Ochs.