• Railway Grouping System Map of the British Isles 1923 (Folded in a Wallet): Big Four Railway Companies GWR, LNER, LMS, SR See large image

    Railway Grouping System Map of the British Isles 1923 (Folded in a Wallet): Big Four Railway Companies GWR, LNER, LMS, SR (British Isles 1923) (Sheet map, folded) By (author) Railways Act 1921


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    DescriptionThe Railways Act of 1921 created the Big Four railway companies The GWR, The LNER, The LMS and The SR. Over 100 independent railway companies had been brought under government control during the First World War but on 1 January 1923 they were merged into the Big Four companies which ushered in a period of railway excellence that was to last until nationalisation in 1948. This map shows the railways in Britain as they were reorganised by The Railways Act, 1921, which took effect in 1923 together with a similar grouping in the newly formed Irish Free State in 1925. Why those dates? It was around 100 years since the Stockton & Darlington, the first steam worked railway to carry passengers, was opened in 1825. But this was no birthday celebration but much more of a move to ensure that railways continued to run for the following hundred years without becoming financial burdens to their owners or to the state. That was the thinking of the time. In the event, in the following 80 or so years it was all so different with further reorganisations, major closures, and financial matters taking centre stage. Right from the start of railway development using steam locomotives in the early decades of the 19th century most railways were planned and promoted on a local basis linking nearby towns and cities - Stockton & Darlington, Liverpool & Manchester, Canterbury & Whitstable, Bodmin & Wadebridge to take a few examples. Thus hundreds of companies were established by Acts of Parliament and even with mergers right through the Victorian years, (particularly of long through routes like the Great Western which in 1876 absorbed four other companies to form one authority from Paddington to Penzance), over 120 separate companies remained as war broke out in 1914, some heading for financial problems. After Government control until 1921 an Act of Parliament compulsorily amalgamated most British companies into four large groups from 1923 and these are depicted in different colours on this map together with previous ownership. It forms a graphic record of railways in the British Isles virtually at their peak at this important time in their history. Each map has a booklet describing the history of the railway network up to 1923

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  • Full bibliographic data for Railway Grouping System Map of the British Isles 1923 (Folded in a Wallet)

    Railway Grouping System Map of the British Isles 1923 (Folded in a Wallet)
    Big Four Railway Companies GWR, LNER, LMS, SR
    Authors and contributors
    By (author) Railways Act 1921
    Physical properties
    Format: Sheet map, folded
    Number of pages: 1
    Width: 680 mm
    Height: 855 mm
    Thickness: 5 mm
    Weight: 91 g
    ISBN 13: 9781873590898
    ISBN 10: 187359089X

    B&T Book Type: NF
    BIC time period qualifier V2: 3JJG
    BIC geographical qualifier V2: 1DB
    BIC subject category V2: WGF
    Nielsen BookScan Product Class 3: T12.4
    BIC E4L: TRA
    B&T Modifier: Subject Development: 01
    DC22: 912.41
    B&T Merchandise Category: MAP
    BISAC V2.8: REF002000, TRA004010
    Warengruppen-Systematik des deutschen Buchhandels: 14350
    BIC subject category V2: HBTP1
    Libri: I-SL
    B&T General Subject: 790
    LC classification: HE
    Abridged Dewey: 385
    BIC subject category V2: 1DB, 3JJG
    Thema V1.0: WGF, NHTP1
    Edition statement
    Illustrations note
    colour map
    Old House Books
    Imprint name
    Publication date
    15 August 2010
    Publication City/Country