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    Protocol: How Control Exists After Decentralization (Leonardo) (Paperback) By (author) Alexander R. Galloway

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    DescriptionIs the Internet a vast arena of unrestricted communication and freely exchanged information or a regulated, highly structured virtual bureaucracy? In Protocol, Alexander Galloway argues that the founding principle of the Net is control, not freedom, and that the controlling power lies in the technical protocols that make network connections (and disconnections) possible. He does this by treating the computer as a textual medium that is based on a technological language, code. Code, he argues, can be subject to the same kind of cultural and literary analysis as any natural language; computer languages have their own syntax, grammar, communities, and cultures. Instead of relying on established theoretical approaches, Galloway finds a new way to write about digital media, drawing on his backgrounds in computer programming and critical theory. "Discipline-hopping is a necessity when it comes to complicated socio-technical topics like protocol," he writes in the preface.Galloway begins by examining the types of protocols that exist, including TCP/IP, DNS, and HTML. He then looks at examples of resistance and subversion -- hackers, viruses, cyberfeminism, Internet art -- which he views as emblematic of the larger transformations now taking place within digital culture. Written for a nontechnical audience, Protocol serves as a necessary counterpoint to the wildly utopian visions of the Net that were so widespread in earlier days.

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  • Full bibliographic data for Protocol

    How Control Exists After Decentralization
    Authors and contributors
    By (author) Alexander R. Galloway
    Physical properties
    Format: Paperback
    Number of pages: 288
    Width: 175 mm
    Height: 226 mm
    Thickness: 18 mm
    Weight: 544 g
    ISBN 13: 9780262572330
    ISBN 10: 0262572338

    BIC E4L: COM
    B&T Book Type: NF
    Nielsen BookScan Product Class 3: S10.6
    BISAC V2.8: TEC056000
    LC classification: QA
    BISAC V2.8: COM014000
    Ingram Subject Code: XB
    Libri: I-XB
    BISAC V2.8: COM060000
    Warengruppen-Systematik des deutschen Buchhandels: 26360
    B&T Merchandise Category: UP
    BISAC V2.8: COM079000, COM053000
    DC22: 005.8
    LC subject heading:
    DC22: 004.62
    BIC subject category V2: UTP
    LC subject heading:
    B&T General Subject: 233
    BISAC V2.8: COM043040
    LC subject heading:
    Thema V1.0: TBX, UY, UBJ, UTP, UR
    Illustrations note
    21 illus.
    MIT Press Ltd
    Imprint name
    MIT Press
    Publication date
    01 April 2006
    Publication City/Country
    Cambridge, Mass.
    Author Information
    Alexander R. Galloway is Assistant Professor of Media Ecology at New York University.
    Review quote
    "An engaging methodological hybrid of the Frankfurt School and UNIX for Dummies... Galloway brings the uncool question of morality back into critical thinking." Ed Halter The Village Voice "Galloway is one of the very few people who are equally well versed in poststructuralist cultural theory and computer programming." Steven Shaviro The Pinocchio Theory Weblog "Protocol...is a book on computer science written by someone who's not a computer scientist, and that's a good thing." Gary Singh Metro