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    Properties of Materials: Anisotropy, Symmetry, Structure (Paperback) By (author) Robert E. Newnham

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    DescriptionCrystals are sometimes called 'Flowers of the Mineral Kingdom'. In addition to their great beauty, crystals and other textured materials are enormously useful in electronics, optics, acoustics, and many other engineering applications. This book describes the underlying principles of crystal physics and chemistry, covering a wide range of topics, and illustrating numerous applications in many fields of engineering using the most important materials. It has been written at a level suitable for science and engineering students and can be used for teaching a one- or two-semester course. Tensors, matrices, symmetry and structure-property relationships form the main subjects of the book. Whilst tensors and matrices provide the mathematical framework for understanding anisotropy, on which the physical and chemical properties of crystals and textured materials often depend, atomistic arguments are also needed to quantify the property coefficients in various directions. The atomistic arguments are partly based on symmetry and partly on the basic physics and chemistry of materials. After introducing the point groups appropriate for single crystals, textured materials and ordered magnetic structures, the directional properties of many different materials are described: linear and nonlinear elasticity, piezoelectricity and electrostriction, magnetic phenomena, diffusion and other transport properties, and both primary and secondary ferroic behaviour. With crystal optics (its roots in classical mineralogy) having become an important component of the information age, nonlinear optics is described along with the piezo-optics, magneto-optics and electro-optics, and analogous linear and nonlinear acoustic wave phenomena. Enantiomorphism, optical activity, and chemical anisotropy are discussed in the final chapters of the book.


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    Title
    Properties of Materials
    Subtitle
    Anisotropy, Symmetry, Structure
    Authors and contributors
    By (author) Robert E. Newnham
    Physical properties
    Format: Paperback
    Number of pages: 392
    Width: 192 mm
    Height: 244 mm
    Thickness: 24 mm
    Weight: 762 g
    Language
    English
    ISBN
    ISBN 13: 9780198520764
    ISBN 10: 019852076X
    Classifications

    B&T Book Type: NF
    BIC E4L: SCI
    Nielsen BookScan Product Class 3: S7.9T
    B&T Modifier: Region of Publication: 03
    LC subject heading:
    B&T General Subject: 710
    B&T Modifier: Academic Level: 02
    Ingram Subject Code: TE
    B&T Modifier: Text Format: 06
    LC subject heading:
    BISAC V2.8: TEC021000
    Libri: I-TE
    LC subject heading:
    BIC subject category V2: PHFC
    Warengruppen-Systematik des deutschen Buchhandels: 26530
    B&T Merchandise Category: UP
    BIC subject category V2: PNRS
    DC22: 620.112
    LC subject heading:
    BIC subject category V2: PNT
    BISAC V2.8: SCI016000
    LC subject heading:
    DC22: 620.1'12
    LC classification: QD931 .N479 2005
    LC subject heading:
    Thema V1.0: PHFC, PNRS, PNT
    Edition statement
    New ed.
    Illustrations note
    numerous line figures
    Publisher
    Oxford University Press
    Imprint name
    Oxford University Press
    Publication date
    27 January 2005
    Publication City/Country
    Oxford
    Author Information
    Robert E. Newnham is Alcoa Professor of Solid State Science in the Materials Research Laboratory at The Pennsylvania State University, USA.
    Table of contents
    1. Introduction ; 2. Transformations ; 3. Symmetry ; 4. Transformation operators for symmetry elements ; 5. Tensors and physical properties ; 6. Thermodynamic relationships ; 7. Specific heat and entropy ; 8. Pyroelectricity ; 9. Dielectric constant ; 10. Stress and strain ; 11. Thermal expansion ; 12. Piezoelectricity ; 13. Elasticity ; 14. Magnetic phenomena ; 15. Nonlinear phenomena ; 16. Ferroic crystals ; 17. Electrical resistivity ; 18. Thermal conductivity ; 19. Diffusion and ionic conductivity ; 20. Galvanomagnetic and thermomagnetic phenomena ; 21. Thermoelectricity ; 22. Piezoresistance ; 23. Acoustic waves I ; 24. Acoustic waves II ; 25. Crystal optics ; 26. Dispersion and absorption ; 27. Photoelasticity and acousto-optics ; 28. Electro-optic phenomena ; 29. Nonlinear optics ; 30. Optical activity and enantiomorphism ; 31. Magneto-optics ; 32. Chemical anisotropy