Principles of Water Treatment: Principles and Design

Principles of Water Treatment: Principles and Design

Hardback

By (author) MWH, By (author) John C. Crittenden, By (author) R. Rhodes Trussell, By (author) David W. Hand, By (author) Kerry Howe, By (author) George Tchobanoglous

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  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Ltd
  • Format: Hardback | 672 pages
  • Dimensions: 194mm x 238mm x 30mm | 1,179g
  • Publication date: 28 November 2012
  • Publication City/Country: Chichester
  • ISBN 10: 0470405384
  • ISBN 13: 9780470405383
  • Edition statement: Edition, Studen.
  • Sales rank: 635,295

Product description

Principles of Water Treatment has been developed from the best selling reference work Water Treatment, 3rd edition by the same author team. It maintains the same quality writing, illustrations, and worked examples as the larger book, but in a smaller format which focuses on the treatment processes and not on the design of the facilities.

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Author information

Kerry J. Howe is an Associate Professor of Civil Engineering at the University of New Mexico and former principal engineer at MWH. His teaching and research focuses on water quality, membrane processes, desalination, and advanced water treatment technologies. David W. Hand is a Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Michigan Technological University. He has authored or coauthored over 130 technical publications including six textbooks, two patents, and eight copyrighted software programs. John C. Crittenden is Director of the Brook Byers Institute for Sustainable Systems as well as Hightower Chair and Georgia Research Alliance Eminent Scholar in the School of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Georgia Institute of Technology. R. Rhodes Trussell is the founder of Trussell Technologies and former senior vice president at MWH. He has served as Chair of the Water Science and Technology Board for the National Academies and, in 2010, was awarded the prestigious A. P. Black Research Award from the American Water Works Association. George Tchobanoglous is Professor Emeritus of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of California, Davis. He is the author or coauthor of more than 500 technical papers and a number of textbooks, including "Wastewater Engineering: Treatment and Reuse "and" Water Reuse: Issues, Technologies, and Applications."MWH is a global consulting firm with more than 7,000 professionals and 180 offices in thirty-five countries that provides services to a full range of water-related projects and programs ranging from water supply, treatment and storage, dams, water management for the natural resources industry, and coastal restoration to renewable power and environmental services.

Back cover copy

By A bestselling author team--the must-have reference on water treatment principles for studentsFrom the same distinguished author team that brought you the bestselling reference "Water Treatment" comes this new offering for students wishing to gain a solid understanding of the latest developments in water treatment processes. It maintains the same quality writing, illustrations, and worked examples as the author team's larger "Water Treatment" but does so in a more digestible and specifically focused format. It covers conventional processes like coagulation, flocculation, sedimentation, and filtration--but unlike any other water treatment book of this size, it gives equal coverage to advanced technologies like adsorption, ion exchange, reverse osmosis, and advanced oxidation.Complete with example problems, chapter summaries, end-of-chapter review questions, and access to a solutions manual online, "Principles of Water Treatment" provides all of the tools necessary for a civil or environmental engineering or water resources student to launch a successful and rewarding career.

Table of contents

Preface Acknowledgments Chapter 1 Introduction 1-1 The Importance of Principles 1-2 The Importance of Sustainability References Chapter 2 Water Quality and Public Health 2-1 Relationship between Water Quality and Public Health 2-2 Source Waters for Municipal Drinking Water Systems 2-3 Regulations of Water Treatment in the United States 2-4 Evolving Trends and Challenges in Drinking Water Treatment 2-5 Summary and Study Guide References Chapter 3 Process Selection 3-1 Process Selection Based on Contaminant Properties 3-2 Other Considerations in Process Selection 3-4 Design and Selection of Process Trains 3-5 Summary and Study Guide Homework Problems References Chapter 4 Fundamental Principles of Environmental Engineering 4-1 Units of Expression for Chemical Concentrations 4-2 Chemical Equilibrium 4-3 Chemical Kinetics 4-4 Reactions Used in Water Treatment 4-5 Mass Balance Analysis 4-6 Introduction to Reactors and Reactor Analysis 4-7 Reactions in Batch Reactors 4-8 Hydraulic Characteristics of Ideal Flow Reactors 4-9 Reactions in Ideal Flow Reactors 4-10 Measuring the Hydraulic Characteristics of Flow Reactors with Tracer Tests 4-11 Describing the Hydraulic Performance of Real Flow Reactors 4-12 Reactions in Real Flow Reactors 4-13 Introduction to Mass Transfer 4-14 Molecular Diffusion 4-15 Diffusion Coefficients 4-16 Models and Correlations for Mass Transfer at an Interface 4-17 Evaluating the Concentration Gradient with Operating Diagrams 4-18 Summary and Study Guide Homework Problems References Chapter 5 Coagulation and Flocculation 5-1 Role of Coagulation and Flocculation in Water Treatment 5-2 Stability of Particles in Water 5-3 Theory of Coagulation 5-4 Coagulation Practice 5-5 Principles of Mixing for Coagulation and Flocculation 5-6 Rapid Mix Practice 5-7 Theory of Flocculation 5-8 Flocculation Practice 5-9 Energy and Sustainability Considerations 5-10 Summary and Study Guide Homework Problems References Chapter 6 Sedimentation 6-1 Principles of Discrete (Type I) Particle Settling 6-2 Discrete Settling in Ideal Sedimentation Basins 6-3 Principles of Flocculant (Type II) Particle Settling 6-4 Principles of Hindered (Type III) Settling 6-5 Conventional Sedimentation Basin Design 6-6 Alternative Sedimentation Processes 6-7 Physical Factors Affecting Sedimentation 6-8 Energy and Sustainability Considerations 6-9 Summary and Study Guide Homework Problems References Chapter 7 Rapid Granular Filtration 7-1 Physical Description of a Rapid Granular Filter 7-2 Process Description of Rapid Filtration 7-3 Particle Capture in Granular Filtration 7-4 Head Loss through a Clean Filter Bed 7-5 Modeling of Performance and Optimization 7-6 Backwash Hydraulics 7-7 Energy and Sustainability Considerations 7-8 Summary and Study Guide Homework Problems References Chapter 8 Membrane Filtration 8-1 Classification of Membrane Processes 8-2 Comparison to Rapid Granular Filtration 8-3 Principal Features of Membrane Filtration Equipment 8-4 Process Description of Membrane Filtration 8-5 Particle Capture in Membrane Filtration 8-6 Hydraulics of Flow through Membrane Filters 8-7 Membrane Fouling 8-8 Sizing of Membrane Skids 8-9 Energy and Sustainability Considerations 8-10 Summary and Study Guide Homework Problems References Chapter 9 Reverse Osmosis 9-1 Principal Features of a Reverse Osmosis Facility 9-2 Osmotic Pressure and Reverse Osmosis 9-3 Mass Transfer of Water and Solutes through RO Membranes 9-4 Performance Dependence on Temperature and Pressure 9-5 Concentration Polarization 9-6 Fouling and Scaling 9-7 Element Selection and Membrane Array Design 9-8 Energy and Sustainability Considerations 9-9 Summary and Study Guide Homework Problems References Chapter 10 Adsorption and Ion Exchange 10-1 Introduction to the Adsorption Process 10-2 Adsorption Equilibrium 10-3 Adsorption Kinetics 10-4 Introduction to the Ion Exchange Process 10-5 Ion Exchange Equilibrium 10-6 Ion Exchange Kinetics 10-7 Fixed Bed Contactors 10-8 Suspended Media Reactors 10-9 Energy and Sustainability Considerations 10-10 Summary and Learning Objectives 10-11 Homework Problems References Chapter 11 Air stripping and aeration 11-1 Types of Air Stripping and Aeration Contactors 11-2 Gas-Liquid Equilibrium 11-3 Fundamentals of Packed Tower Air Stripping 11-4 Design and Analysis of Packed Tower Air Stripping 11-5 Energy and Sustainability Considerations 11-6 Summary and Study Guide Homework Problems References Chapter 12 Advanced Oxidation 12-1 Introduction to Advanced Oxidation 12-2 Ozonation as an Advanced Oxidation Process 12-3 Hydrogen Peroxide/Ozone Process 12-4 Hydrogen Peroxide/UV Light Process 12-5 Energy and Sustainability Considerations 12-6 Summary and Study Guide Homework Problems References Chapter 13 Disinfection 13-1 Disinfection Agents and Systems 13-2 Disinfection with Free and Combined Chlorine 13-3 Disinfection with Chlorine Dioxide 13-4 Disinfection with Ozone 13-5 Disinfection with Ultraviolet Light 13-6 Disinfection Kinetics 13-7 Disinfection Kinetics in Real Flow Reactors 13-8 Design of Disinfection Contactors With Low Dispersion 13-9 Disinfection Byproducts 13-10 Residual Maintenance 13-11 Energy and Sustainability Considerations 13-12 Summary and Study Guide Homework Problems References 14 Residuals Management 14-1 Defining the Problem 14-2 Physical, Chemical, and Biological Properties of Residuals 14-3 Alum and Iron Coagulation Sludge 14-4 Liquid Wastes From Granular Media Filters 14-5 Management of Residual Liquid Streams 14-6 Management of Residual Sludge 14-7 Ultimate Reuse and Disposal of Semisolid Residuals 14-8 Summary and Study Guide Homework Problems References Appendix A Conversion Factors Appendix B Physical Properties of Selected Gases and Composition of Air B-1 Density of Air at Other Temperatures B-2 Change in Atmospheric Pressure with Elevation Appendix C Physical Properties of Water Appendix D Periodic Table Appendix E Electronic Resources available on the John Wiley and Sons website for this Textbook Index