Principles of Nutritional Assessment

Principles of Nutritional Assessment

Hardback

By (author) Rosalind S. Gibson

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  • Publisher: OUP Australia and New Zealand
  • Format: Hardback | 928 pages
  • Dimensions: 180mm x 249mm x 41mm | 1,701g
  • Publication date: 19 May 2005
  • Publication City/Country: Melbourne
  • ISBN 10: 0195171691
  • ISBN 13: 9780195171693
  • Edition: 2, Revised
  • Edition statement: 2nd Revised edition
  • Illustrations note: numerous figures and tables
  • Sales rank: 40,315

Product description

This is a comprehensive text on the methods - dietary, anthropometric, laboratory and clinical - of assessing the nutritional status of populations and of individuals in the hospital or the community. The second edition incorporates recent data from national nutritional surveys in the US and Europe; the flood of new information about iron, vitamin A and iodine; the role of folate in preventing neural tube defects; the use of HPLC techniques and enzyme assays; improvements in data handling; and many other developments since 1990.

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I would recommend this book to all health care professionals involved in nutritional assessment in acute and community settings. Students from a variety of disciplines would also find the book an extremely good reference guide to nutritional assessment. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, Vol 19

Table of contents

PART 1: INTRODUCTION ; 1.1 Nutritional assessment systems ; 1.2 Nutritional assessment methods ; 1.3 Nutritional assessment indices and indicators ; 1.4 The design of nutritional assessment systems ; 1.5 Evaluation of nutritional assessment indices ; PART 2: FOOD CONSUMPTION AT THE NATIONAL AND HOUSEHOLD LEVELS ; 2.1 Measuring food consumption at the national level ; 2.2 Measuring food consumption at the household level ; 2.3 National food consumption surveys: household methods ; 2.4 Summary ; PART 3: MEASURING FOOD CONSUMPTION OF INDIVIDUALS ; 3.1 Methods for measuring food consumption of individuals ; 3.2 Technical improvements in food consumption measurements ; 3.3 Selecting an appropriate method ; 3.4 Summary ; PART 4: ASSESSMENT OF NUTRIENT INTAKES FROM FOOD CONSUMPTION DATA ; 4.1 Compiling or augmenting food composition data ; 4.2 Food composition databases ; 4.3 Food composition tables ; 4.4 Sources of error in food composition values ; 4.5 International Network of Food Data Systems ; 4.6 Verifying nutrient values in a food composition database ; 4.7 Analysis of foods or diets ; 4.8 Assessment of available nutrient intakes ; 4.9 Summary ; PART 5: MEASUREMENT ERRORS IN DIETARY ASSESSMENT ; 5.1 Sources of measurement error ; 5.2 Assessment and control of measurement errors ; 5.3 Implications of measurement errors in dietary assessment ; 5.4 Summary ; PART 6: REPRODUCIBILITY IN DIETARY ASSESSMENT ; 6.1 Assessement of reproducibility in dietary methods ; 6.2 Sources of true variability in nutrient intakes ; 6.3 Statistical assessment of reproducibility ; 6.4 Summary ; PART 7: VALIDITY IN DIETARY ASSESSMENT METHODS ; 7.1 Design of relative validity studies ; 7.2 Relative validity in dietary studies ; 7.3 Use of biomarkers to validate dietary intakes ; 7.4 Statistical assessment of validity ; 7.5 Summary ; PART 8: EVALUATION OF NUTRIENT INTAKES AND DIETS ; 8.1 Nutrient reference levels ; 8.2 Evaluating the nutrient intakes of individuals ; 8.3 Evaluating the nutrient intakes of population groups ; 8.4 Food-based dietary guidelines ; 8.5 Summary ; PART 9: ANTHROPOMETRIC ASSESSMENT ; 9.1 Advantages and limitations of anthropometric assessment ; 9.2 Errors in anthropometry ; 9.3 Interpretation and evaluation of anthropometric data ; PART 10: ANTHROPOMETRIC ASSESSMENT OF BODY SIZE ; 10.1 Measurements of body size ; 10.2 Growth indices ; 10.3 Body mass index in adults ; 10.4 BMI in children and adolescents ; 10.5 Summary ; PART 11: ANTHROPOMETRIC ASSESSMENT OF BODY COMPOSITION ; 11.1 Assessment of body fat ; 11.2 Assessment of the fat-free mass ; 11.3 Summary ; PART 12: ANTHROPOMETRIC REFERENCE DATA ; 12.1 Fetal growth reference data ; 12.2 Growth reference data for preterm infants ; 12.3 Head circumference reference data ; 12.4 Distance growth reference data for infants and children ; 12.5 Parent-allowed-for growth reference data ; 12.6 Tempo-conditional growth charts ; 12.7 Growth velocity reference data ; 12.8 Adult height and weight reference data ; 12.9 Body mass index reference data ; 12.10 Waist circumference reference data ; 12.11 Triceps and subscapular skinfold reference data ; 12.12 Mid-upper-arm circumference reference data ; 12.13 Mid-upper-arm fat area reference data ; 12.14 Mid-upper-arm muscle-circumference and muscle-area reference data ; 12.15 Summary ; PART 13: EVALUATION OF ANTHROPOMETRIC INDICES ; 13.1 Modes of expression of anthropometric indices ; 13.2 Use of anthropometric indices in clinical settings ; 13.3 Use of anthropometric indices in public health ; 13.4 Use of antrhopometric indices in population studies ; 13.5 Summary ; PART 14: LABORATORY ASSESSMENT OF BODY COMPOSITION ; 14.1 Chemical analysis of cadavers ; 14.2 Total body potassium using 40k ; 14.3 Total body water using isotope dilution ; 14.4 Other body fluid compartments and isotope dilution ; 14.5 In vivo activation analysis ; 14.6 Densitometry ; 14.7 Total body electrical conductivity ; 14.8 Bioelectrical impedence ; 14.9 Computerized tomography ; 14.10 Magnetic resonance imaging ; 14.11 Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry ; 14.12 Ultrasound ; 14.13 Summary ; PART 15: LABORATORY ASSESSMENT ; 15.1 Nutrients in biological fluids and tissues ; 15.2 Functional tests ; 15.3 Characteristics of laboratory tests ; 15.4 Evaluation of laboratory indices ; PART 16: ASSESSMENT OF PROTEIN STATUS ; 16.1 Assessment of somatic protein status ; 16.2 Assessment of visceral protein status ; 16.3 Metabolic changes as indices of protein status ; 16.4 Muscle function tests ; 16.5 Immunological tests ; 16.6 Summary ; PART 17: ASSESSMENT OF IRON STATUS ; 17.1 Hemoglobin ; 17.2 Hematocrit ; 17.3 Red cell indices ; 17.4 Red cell distribution width ; 17.5 Serum iron, TIBC and transferrin saturation ; 17.6 Serum ferritin ; 17.7 Zinc protoporphyrin and free erythrocyte protoporphyrin ; 17.8 Serum transferrin receptor ; 17.9 Multiple indices ; 17.10 Summary ; PART 18: ASSESSMENT OF THE STATUS OF VITAMINS A, D AND E ; 18.1 Vitamin A ; 18.2 Vitamin D ; 18.3 Vitamin E ; 18.4 Summary ; PART 19: ASSESSMENT OF VITAMIN C STATUS ; 19.1 Serum ascorbic acid ; 19.2 Ascorbic acid in leukocytes and specific cell types ; 19.3 Ascrobic acid in erythrocytes and whole blood ; 19.4 Urinary excretion of ascorbic acid and metabolites ; 19.5 Salivary and buccal cell ascorbic acid ; 19.6 Body pool size ; 19.7 Capillary fragility ; 19.8 Summary ; PART 20: ASSESSMENT OF THE STATUS OF THIAMIN, RIBOFLAVIN, AND NIACIN ; 20.1 Thiamin ; 20.2 Riboflavin ; 20.3 Niacin ; 20.4 Summary ; PART 21: ASSESSMENT OF VITAMIN B6 STATUS ; 21.1 Erythrocyte aminotransferases ; 21.2 Plasma pyridoxal-5'-phosphate ; 21.3 Erythrocyte pryidoxal-5'-phosphate ; 21.4 Urinary Vitamin B6 ; 21.5 Urinary 4-pyridoxic acid ; 21.6 Tryptophan load test ; 21.7 Kynurenine load test ; 21.8 Methionine load test ; 21.9 Multiple indices ; 21.10 Summary ; PART 22: ASSESSMENT OF FOLATE AND VITAMIN B12 STATUS ; 22.1 Folate ; 22.2 Vitamin B12 ; 22.3 Summary ; PART 23: ASSESSMENT OF CALCIUM, PHOSPHORUS AND MAGNESIUM STATUS ; 23.1 Calcium ; 23.2 Phosphorus ; 23.3 Magnesium ; 23.4 Summary ; PART 24: ASSESSMENT OF CHRONIUM, COPPER AND ZINC STATUS ; 24.1 Chromium ; 24.2 Copper ; 24.3 Zinc ; 24.4 Summary ; PART 25: ASSESSMENT OF IODINE AND SELENIUM STATUS ; 25.1 Iodine ; 25.2 Selenium ; PART 26: CLINICAL ASSESSMENT ; 26.1 Medical history ; 26.2 Physical examination ; 26.3 Summary ; PART 27: NUTRITIONAL ASSESSMENT OF HOSPITAL PATIENTS ; 27.1 Screening using a single index ; 27.2 Multiparameter screening ; 27.3 The prognostic value of multi-parameter scoring systems ; 27.4 Summary