Principles of Biomedical Ethics

Principles of Biomedical Ethics

Paperback

By (author) Tom L. Beauchamp, By (author) James F. Childress

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  • Publisher: Oxford University Press Inc
  • Format: Paperback | 480 pages
  • Dimensions: 155mm x 234mm x 23mm | 635g
  • Publication date: 10 January 2013
  • Publication City/Country: New York
  • ISBN 10: 0199924589
  • ISBN 13: 9780199924585
  • Edition: 7, Revised
  • Edition statement: 7th Revised edition
  • Sales rank: 55,690

Product description

Building on the best-selling tradition of previous editions, Principles of Biomedical Ethics, Seventh Edition, provides a highly original, practical, and insightful guide to morality in the health professions. Acclaimed authors Tom L. Beauchamp and James F. Childress thoroughly develop and advocate for four principles that lie at the core of moral reasoning in health care: respect for autonomy, nonmaleficence, beneficence, and justice. Drawing from contemporary research-and integrating detailed case studies and vivid real-life examples and scenarios-they demonstrate how these prima facie principles can be expanded to apply to various conflicts and dilemmas, from how to deliver bad news to whether or not to withhold or withdraw life-sustaining treatments. Illuminating both theory and method throughout, Principles of Biomedical Ethics, Seventh Edition, considers what constitutes moral character and addresses the problem of moral status: what rights are due to people and animals, and when. It also examines the professional-patient relationship, surveys major philosophical theories-including utilitarianism, Kantianism, rights theory, and virtue theory-and describes methods of moral justification in bioethics. Ideal for courses in biomedical ethics, bioethics, and health care ethics, the text is enhanced by hundreds of annotated citations and a substantial introduction that clarifies key terms and concepts. NEW TO THE SEVENTH EDITION Ch. 1: A clarified and more concise treatment of the common morality and its distinction from both particular moralities and the broad descriptive use of the term "morality" Ch. 3: New sections on degrees of moral status and the moral significance of moral status Ch. 4: A revised section on the therapeutic use of placebos and expanded coverage of theories of autonomy and information-processing issues Ch. 5: New material on historical problems of underprotection and recent problems of overprotection in human subjects research Ch. 6: A new section on expanded access and continued access in research and a relocated and integrated discussion of surrogate decision making for incompetent patients Ch. 7: A distinction between traditional theories of justice and more recent theories like capabilities and well-being Ch. 8: A new section on clinical ethics and research ethics Ch. 9: A whole new section on virtue theory, which expands the account from Ch. 2 of the previous edition, and on rights theory Ch. 10: An extended and more in-depth discussion of the authors' theory of method and justification in bioethics A new Companion Website at www.oup.com/us/beauchamp featuring suggestions for effectively using the book in the classroom, possible syllabi and examination questions, additional readings, useful exercises, and cases for discussion

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Author information

Tom L. Beauchamp is Professor of Philosophy at Georgetown University. James F. Childress is University Professor and John Allen Hollingsworth Professor of Ethics at the University of Virginia.

Review quote

Praise for the previous edition: "The new sixth edition of Principles of Biomedical Ethics is a welcome event. There is nothing else like it in the field of bioethics. It has easily become over the years the most used, most praised, and most distinguished book in the field. Each edition moves beyond the previous ones in important and nuanced ways. Beauchamp and Childress keep up with the ever-changing terrain of bioethics, and work hard to refine their own arguments. It gets better and better. One can hardly ask for more."--Daniel Callahan, Director, International Program, The Hastings Center"What is by far the best general book on bioethics has gotten even better. The new material on international justice and virtue ethics is especially valuable. Such a combination of accessibility and rigor is rarely attained."--Allen Buchanan, James B. Duke Professor of Philosophy and James B. Duke Professor of Public Policy Studies, Duke University"This sixth edition of Principles of Biomedical Ethics reaffirms its undisputed stature as a canonical text for the world's bioethicists. It maintains a standard of scholarship and clarity appealing to neophytes and seasoned scholars, to adherents and critics of its principled approach."--Edmund D. Pellegrino, Chairman, President's Council on Bioethics"The contemporary field of bioethics is unimaginable, absent this text. Principles of Biomedical Ethics provided a paradigmatic approach that shaped the early character of bioethics. It continues to be a source of serious debate regarding the nature of morality and the significance of bioethics. No one can understand the field of bioethics apart from this volume."--H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr., M.D., Professor, Rice University and Baylor College of Medicine"Like all of its previous incarnations, this new edition of Principles of Biomedical Ethics offers the reader a window onto the cutting edge of contemporary bioethics. Never content to merely recyc

Table of contents

EACH CHAPTER ENDS WITH A CONCLUSION. ; PART I. MORAL FOUNDATIONS ; 1. MORAL NORMS ; Normative and Nonnormative Ethics ; The Common Morality as Universal Morality ; Particular Moralities as Nonuniversal ; Moral Dilemmas ; A Framework of Moral Norms ; Conflicting Moral Norms ; 2. MORAL CHARACTER ; The Concept of Moral Virtue ; Virtues in Professional Roles ; The Virtue of Caring ; Five Focal Virtues ; Moral Ideals ; Moral Excellence ; 3. MORAL STATUS ; The Problem of Moral Status ; Theories of Moral Status ; From Theories to Practical Guidelines ; The Moral Significance of Moral Status ; Vulnerable Populations and Vulnerable Individuals ; PART II. MORAL PRINCIPLES ; 4. RESPECT FOR AUTONOMY ; The Concept of Autonomy and the Principle of Respect for Autonomy ; The Capacity for Autonomous Choice ; The Meaning and Justification of Informed Consent ; Disclosure ; Understanding ; Voluntariness ; 5. NONMALEFICENCE ; The Concept of Nonmaleficence and the Principle of Nonmaleficence ; Distinctions and Rules Governing Nontreatment ; Optional Treatments and Obligatory Treatments ; Killing and Letting Die ; The Justification of Intentionally Arranged Deaths ; Protecting Incompetent Patients ; 6. BENEFICENCE ; The Concept of Beneficence and Principles of Beneficence ; Obligatory Beneficence and Ideal Beneficence ; Paternalism: Conflicts between Beneficence and Respect for Autonomy ; Balancing Benefits, Costs, and Risks ; The Value and Quality of Life ; 7. JUSTICE ; The Concept of Justice and Principles of Justice ; Traditional Theories of Justice ; Recent Theories of Justice ; Fair Opportunity and Unfair Discrimination ; Vulnerability, Exploitation, and Discrimination in Research ; National Health Policy and the Right to Health Care ; Global Health Policy and the Right to Health ; Allocating, Setting Priorities, and Rationing ; 8. PROFESSIONAL-PATIENT RELATIONSHIPS ; Veracity ; Privacy ; Confidentiality ; Fidelity ; Clinical Ethics and Research Ethics ; The Dual Roles of Clinician and Investigator ; PART III. THEORY AND METHOD ; 9. MORAL THEORIES ; Criteria for Assessing Moral Theories ; Utilitarian Theory ; Kantian Theory ; Rights Theory ; Virtue Theory ; Convergence of Theories ; 10. METHOD AND MORAL JUSTIFICATION ; Justification in Ethics ; Top-Down Models: Theory and Application ; Bottom-Up Models: Cases and Analogical Reasoning ; Reflective Equilibrium as an Integrated Model ; COMMON-MORALITY THEORY