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The Politics of Expertise: How NGOs Shaped Modern Britain

The Politics of Expertise: How NGOs Shaped Modern Britain

Hardback

By (author) Matthew Hilton, By (author) James McKay, By (author) Nicholas Crowson, By (author) Jean-Francois Mouhot

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  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Format: Hardback | 336 pages
  • Dimensions: 164mm x 234mm x 26mm | 660g
  • Publication date: 10 June 2013
  • Publication City/Country: Oxford
  • ISBN 10: 0199691878
  • ISBN 13: 9780199691876
  • Illustrations note: 5 black and white images, numerous tables and figures
  • Sales rank: 1,000,175

Product description

The Politics of Expertise offers a challenging new interpretation of politics in contemporary Britain, through an examination of non-governmental organisations. Using specific case studies of the homelessness, environment, and international aid and development sectors, it demonstrates how politics and political activism has changed over the last half century. NGOs have contributed enormously to a professionalization and a privatization of politics, emerging as a new form of expert knowledge and political participation. They have been led by a new breed of non-party politician, working in collaboration and in competition with government. Skilful navigators of the modern technocratic state, they have brought expertise to expertise and, in so doing, have changed the nature of grassroots activism. As affluent citizens have felt marginalised by the increasingly complex nature of many policy solutions, they have made the rational calculation to support NGOs, the professionalism and resources of which make them better able to tackle complex problems. Yet in doing so, support rather than participation becomes the more appropriate way to describe the relationship of the public to NGOs. As voter turnout has declined, membership and trust in NGOs has increased. But NGOs are very different types of organisations from the classic democratic institutions of political parties and the labour movement. They maintain different and varied relationships with the publics they seek to represent. Attracting mass support has provided them with the resources and the legitimacy to speak to power on a bewildering range of issues, yet perhaps the ultimate victors in this new form of politics are the NGOs themselves.

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Author information

Jean-Francois Mouhot is the author of Les Refugies acadiens en France (1758-1785): limpossible reintegration? (2009), Des Esclaves Energetiques: Reflexions sur le changement climatique (2011) and co-editor (with Charles-Francois Mathis) of Une Protection de l'Environnement a la Francaise? (XIXe-XXe siecles) (2012). Most recently, he is the joint author, with Matthew Hilton, Nicholas Crowson, and James McKay, of A History of NGOs in Britain: Charities, Civil Society and the Voluntary Sector since 1945 (2012).

Review quote

the book is splendidly learned in unfamiliar areas, and is especially strong on the three pressure-group causes of international aid, homelessness and the environment. All this constitutes a major achievement which will be welcomed by historians and social scientists of every variety. Brian Harrison, Contemporary British History (27:4, December 2013) This is a powerful interpretation with much to recommend it, not just because it fits with a great deal of the evidence, but because it enables the authors to pinpoint with some precision what was distinct about the post-war period, whilst tracing continuities with earlier forms of non-governmental action. Helen McCarthy, 20th Century British History ...an immensely useful resource for all scholars teaching and researching the history of voluntary action in modern Britain. Helen McCarthy, English Historical Review

Table of contents

1. Introduction: the privatisation of politics ; 2. Why we don't hate politics: the transformation of socio-political action ; 3. The ascent of the expert: professionals and the NGO career ; 4. The making of the modern NGO: organisational reform and financial stability ; 5. The pressure of politics: walking the corridors of power ; 6. Politics beyond Westminster: communication strategies, the media and the public ; 7. Living with Leviathan: NGOs, the state and governance ; 8. Single issue politics and the ideology of non-governmental action ; 9. Conclusion: the potential and the limits of NGOs ; Bibliography