Philosophos

Philosophos : Plato's Missing Dialogue

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Description

Plato famously promised to complement the Sophist and the Statesman with another work on a third sort of expert, the philosopher-but we do not have this final dialogue. Mary Louise Gill argues that Plato promised the Philosopher, but did not write it, in order to stimulate his audience and encourage his readers to work out, for themselves, the portrait it would have contained. The Sophist and Statesman are themselves members of a larger series starting with the Theaetetus, Plato's investigation of knowledge, and the whole series relies on the Parmenides, the second part of which presents a philosophical exercise, introduced as the first step in a larger philosophical program. Gill contends that the dialogues leading up to the missing Philosopher, though they reach some substantive conclusions, are philosophical exercises of various sorts designed to train students in dialectic, the philosopher's method; and that a second version of the Parmenides exercise, closely patterned on it, spans parts of the Theaetetus and Sophist and brings the philosopher into view. This is the exercise about being, the subject-matter studied by Plato's philosopher. Plato hides the pieces of the puzzle and its solution in plain sight, forcing his students (and modern readers) to dig out the pieces and reconstruct the project. Gill reveals how, in finding the philosopher through the exercise, the student becomes a philosopher by mastering his methods. She shows that the target of Plato's exercise is internally related to its pedagogical purpose.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 304 pages
  • 165 x 240 x 23mm | 621.42g
  • Oxford University Press
  • Oxford, United Kingdom
  • English
  • New.
  • 0199606188
  • 9780199606184
  • 1,105,809

Review quote

This is a brilliant and provocative book. Gill has the courage to construe four or five of Plato's most difficult dialogues as components of a single project, which she defines by reference to the unwritten dialogue Philosopher Charles H. Kahn, Mind The strength of Gills book lies in the detailed analyses and interpretations of various important passages. To that extent, the book is wholeheartedly recommended to those who are working on individual dialogues discussed by Gill. Joachim Aufderheide, The Philosophical Quarterlyshow more

About Mary Louise Gill

Mary Louise Gill is Professor of Philosophy and Classics at Brown University. She is the author of Aristotle on Substance: The Paradox of Unity (Princeton, 1989) and of many articles and several co-edited books on Plato and Aristotle.show more

Table of contents

Acknowledgements ; Introduction ; 1. Forms in Question ; 2. A Philosophical Exercise ; 3. The Contest between Heraclitus and Parmenides ; 4. Knowledge as Expertise ; 5. Appearances of the Sophist ; 6. Refining the Statesman ; 7. The Philosopher's Object ; Works Cited ; Index Locorum ; Index of Names ; General Indexshow more