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    Pharmakon: Plato, Drug Culture, and Identity in Ancient Athens (Paperback) By (author) Michael A. Rinella

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    DescriptionPharmakon: Plato, Drug Culture, and Identity in Ancient Athens examines the emerging concern for controlling states of psychological ecstasy in the history of western thought, focusing on ancient Greece (c. 750-146 BCE), particularly the Classical Period (c. 500-336 BCE) and especially the dialogues of the Athenian philosopher Plato (427-347 BCE). Employing a diverse array of materials ranging from literature, philosophy, medicine, botany, pharmacology, religion, magic, and law, Pharmakon fundamentally reframes the conceptual context of how we read and interpret Plato's dialogues. Michael A. Rinella demonstrates how the power and truth claims of philosophy, repeatedly likened to a pharmakon, opposes itself to the cultural authority of a host of other occupations in ancient Greek society who derived their powers from, or likened their authority to, some pharmakon. These included Dionysian and Eleusinian religion, physicians and other healers, magicians and other magic workers, poets, sophists, rhetoricians, as well as others. Accessible to the general reader, yet challenging to the specialist, Pharmakon is a comprehensive examination of the place of drugs in ancient thought that will compel the reader to understand Plato in a new way.

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  • Full bibliographic data for Pharmakon

    Plato, Drug Culture, and Identity in Ancient Athens
    Authors and contributors
    By (author) Michael A. Rinella
    Physical properties
    Format: Paperback
    Number of pages: 358
    Width: 150 mm
    Height: 224 mm
    Thickness: 30 mm
    Weight: 544 g
    ISBN 13: 9780739146873
    ISBN 10: 0739146874

    Warengruppen-Systematik des deutschen Buchhandels: 25540
    B&T Book Type: NF
    BIC geographical qualifier V2: 1DVG
    BIC subject category V2: HBTB
    BIC E4L: LIT
    BIC subject category V2: HBJD
    B&T Merchandise Category: TXT
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    Nielsen BookScan Product Class 3: T3.6
    BIC subject category V2: DSA
    BIC geographical qualifier V2: 1QDAG
    Ingram Subject Code: LC
    Libri: I-LC
    B&T Approval Code: A14202030
    LC classification: PA
    BIC subject category V2: HBLA1
    B&T Modifier: Academic Level: 02
    B&T General Subject: 495
    DC22: 184
    DC21: 184
    BISAC V2.8: PHI002000
    Abridged Dewey: 809
    BISAC V2.8: HIS002010, LIT004190
    B&T Approval Code: A24200000
    BISAC V2.8: PHI034000, LIT006000, HIS042000
    BIC subject category V2: 1QDAG, 1DVG
    BISAC V2.8: HIS054000
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    Ingram Theme: INDS/CLASSI
    Thema V1.0: NHTB, NHD, NHC, DSA
    Edition statement
    New ed.
    Lexington Books
    Imprint name
    Lexington Books
    Publication date
    23 November 2011
    Publication City/Country
    Lanham, MD
    Author Information
    Michael A. Rinella holds a Ph.D. in political science from the Rockefeller College of Public Affairs and Policy, University at Albany, SUNY, and he is currently the National Endowment for the Humanities Distinguished Visiting Professor, Philosophy, at the State University of New York, Potsdam.
    Review quote
    Beginning from the most thorough review of classical intoxicants, Rinella applies his findings in detail to many Platonic texts. His results certainly have great significance for students of Plato, but also for the history of medicine and of classical civilization generally. It is a truly impressive accomplishment. -- Anthony Preus, Binghamton University Rinella's discussion of the nature and prevalence of drugs in the Classical Age of Athens is an essential context for a major theme in the Platonic dialogues and provides a valuable background for any student of the great philosopher's works. As Rinella astutely demonstrates, Plato appears to have been the first to address the problem of drug induced ecstasy as dangerous to the well-ordered functioning of society, leading to potentially criminal behavior and non-rational modes of thought, and the philosopher's solution to the problem as the 'noble lie' still survives in our current drug policy. -- Carl A. P. Ruck, Boston University There is serious scholarship across a range of disciplines, which demands that this be considered a contribution both to history and to studies of society. There is of course a political agenda, an agenda supported with reference to such figures as Derrida and Foucault, but it is muted and mostly kept well in the background. Certain features of Athenian society make this contribution especially welcome. The Greek symposium is currently receiving considerable attention, an institution where wine, itself rich in other intoxicating impurities, was employed to the point of loss of control...He helps us to look at Plato in a fresh new way, even though such perspectives can only capture part of the picture. Few will think that the pleas for a more relaxed attitude to recreational drug use depend on the clarity of his case on every point along his journey. And here too some will feel more relaxed about his conclusions than others. But as with Plato, the text is supposed to be a catalyst to debate, not the final word. The Social History of Alcohol and Drugs [T]his is a vitally important pharmacography. Not only does it shed light on today's 'drugs problem' via the very roots of Western literary and philosophic thought, it does not do the disservice of assumption to the ancient Greeks, and boldy addresses them on their own terms. It is a treasure trove of investigations that, no doubt, will help cast new light on an a multitude of concerns surrounding the human use of that great ambiguity - the drug/pharmakon. Psychedelic Press UK
    Table of contents
    Introduction - The Pharmakon, Ecstasy, and Identity Part I. Plato and the Politics of Intoxication Chapter 1: Wine and the Symposion Chapter 2: The Symposion and the Question of Stasis Chapter 3: Plato's Reformulation of the Symposion Part II: The Pharmakon and the Defense of Socrates Chapter 4: Drugs, Epic Poetry, and Religion Chapter 5: Socrates Accused Chapter 6: Socrates Rehabilitated Part III. Plato through the Prism of the Pharmakon Chapter 7: Medicine, Drugs, and Somatic Regimen Chapter 8: Magic, Drugs, and Noetic Regimen Chapter 9: Speech, Drugs, and Discursive Regimen Chapter 10: Philosophy's Pharmacy Afterword: Towards a New Ethics of the Pharmakon