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    Phantom Risk: Scientific Inference and the Law (Paperback) Edited by Kenneth R. Foster, Edited by Etc., Edited by David E. Bernstein, Edited by Peter W. Huber

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    DescriptionPhantom risks are risks whose very existence is unproven and perhaps unprovable, yet they raise real problems at the interface of science and the law. Phantom Risk surveys a dozen scientific issues that have led to public controversy and litigation - among them, miscarriage from the use of video display terminals, birth defects in children whose mothers used the drug Bendectin, and cancer from low-intensity magnetic fields, and from airborne asbestos. It presents the scientific evidence behind these and other issues and summarizes the resulting litigation.Focusing on the great disparity between the scientific evidence that is sufficient to arouse public fears and that needed to establish a hazard or its absence, these original contributions probe the problem of scientific ambiguity in risk assessment, and the mayhem this creates in the courtroom.Although the authors are clearly optimistic about the use of science to detect and evaluate risks, they recognize the difficulty of inferring cause-and-effect relationships from epidemiological (observational) evidence and of inferring risks to humans from high-dose animal experiments, the two major sources of evidence. The final chapter reviews the exceptionally difficult problem of how the legal impact of disputes about phantom risks can be reduced.Kenneth R. Foster is Associate Professor in the Department of Bioengineering at the University of Pennsylvania. David E. Bernstein is an attorney at the law firm of Crowell & Moring. Peter W. Huber is a Senior Fellow of the Manhattan Institute for Policy Research and serves as Counsel to the law firm of Mayer, Brown & Platt.


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    Title
    Phantom Risk
    Subtitle
    Scientific Inference and the Law
    Authors and contributors
    Edited by Kenneth R. Foster, Edited by Etc., Edited by David E. Bernstein, Edited by Peter W. Huber
    Physical properties
    Format: Paperback
    Number of pages: 472
    Width: 153 mm
    Height: 228 mm
    Thickness: 27 mm
    Weight: 796 g
    Language
    English
    ISBN
    ISBN 13: 9780262561198
    ISBN 10: 0262561190
    Classifications

    BIC geographical qualifier V2: 1KBB
    B&T Book Type: NF
    BIC E4L: SCI
    BIC subject category V2: P
    Nielsen BookScan Product Class 3: S7.0
    B&T Modifier: Region of Publication: 01
    BIC subject category V2: JFF, MBN
    LC classification: K
    BIC subject category V2: JKS
    B&T Modifier: Geographic Designator: 01
    BISAC V2.8: SCI075000
    Ingram Subject Code: SE
    Libri: I-SE
    LC subject heading:
    B&T Modifier: Subject Development: 04
    B&T Modifier: Text Format: 02
    B&T Modifier: Academic Level: 02
    BISAC V2.8: MED078000
    B&T Merchandise Category: POD
    B&T General Subject: 490
    BIC subject category V2: LNT, LNDA
    LC subject heading: ,
    Warengruppen-Systematik des deutschen Buchhandels: 27100
    BISAC V2.8: LAW000000
    Abridged Dewey: 340
    B&T Approval Code: A39304500
    BIC subject category V2: 1KBB
    BISAC V2.8: LAW087000
    DC22: 346.03
    LC subject heading:
    DC21: 363.17
    BISAC V2.8: LAW093000
    Thema V1.0: JKS, MBN, JBF, P, LNT, LNDA
    Thema geographical qualifier V1.0: 1KBB
    Edition
    New edition
    Edition statement
    New edition
    Illustrations note
    12
    Publisher
    MIT Press Ltd
    Imprint name
    MIT Press
    Publication date
    26 February 1999
    Publication City/Country
    Cambridge, Mass.
    Author Information
    Kenneth R. Foster is Associate Professor in the Department of Bioengineering at the University of Pennsylvania. David E. Bernstein is an attorney at the law firm of Crowell & Moring. Peter W. Huber is a Senior Fellow of the Manhattan Institute for Policy Research and serves as Counsel to the law firm of Mayer, Brown & Platt.
    Review quote
    " Phantom Risk is a much needed antidote for the hysteria overlow-level insult that pervades and debilitates our society." Alvin M. Weinberg , Distinguished Fellow, Oak RidgeAssociated Universities
    Table of contents
    A scientific perspective; a legal perspective. Part 1 Phantom (or not so phantom) risks: weak magnetic fields - a cancer connection?, Kenneth R. Foster; spermicides and birth defects, James L. Mills; Benedictin and the language of causation, Louis Lasagna and Sheila R. Shulman; miscarriage and video display terminals - an update, Kenneth R. Foster; the legal context. Part 2 Just a little bit of poison: environmental pollution and cancer - some misconceptions, Bruce N. Ames and Lois Swirsky Gold; asbestos - the hazard, the risk and public policy, Ralph D'Agostino, Jr. and Richard Wilson; the human health effects of polychlorinated biphenyls, Renate D. Kimbrough; trichloroethylene - toxicology and epidemiology - a critical review of the literature, Rudolph J. Jaeger and Arlene L. Weiss; dioxin -perceptions, estimates and measures, Michael Gough; the Three Mile Island nuclear accident and public health consequences, George K. Tokuhata; the fallout controversy, Ralph E. Lapp; the saga of Fernald, Bernard L. Cohen; the legal context. Part 3 Medical controversy: trauma and cancer, Marvin M. Romsdahl; chemical pollutants and "multiple chemical sensitivities", Michael I. Luster et al; immunologic laboratory tests - a critique of the Alcolac decision, Richard S. Cornfeld and Stuart F. Schlossman; the legal context. Part 4 Conclusion - phantom risk - a problem at the interface of science and the law.