Orphee et l'Orphisme dans l'Antiquite Greco-Romaine

Orphee et l'Orphisme dans l'Antiquite Greco-Romaine

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The figure of Orpheus has long exercised a potent influence on religious thought. Yet what we know directly about Orphism comes from a scatter of isolated and often very short fragments quoted in the works of Platonists of the Roman period, notably Proclus, Damascius and Olympiodorus. The authora (TM)s concern here is to establish the context in which these passages were cited, and to trace the development of the written tradition, from the texts which contain a critique of the beliefs of the Homeric era to those, whether newly composed or transformed, which show signs of adaptation to later religious and philosophical movements, among them Stoicism and Platonism. In sharp contrast to views held by others, it is argued that it is possible to map out a process of evolution, amongst other criteria by focusing on the role and place of Chronos in the Orphic theogony. The author also asks whether there really ever existed true Orphic sects with a cult with specific rites, and would conclude that the present evidence cannot be held to substantiate this. OrphA(c)e a pendant longtemps exercA(c) une puissante influence sur la pensA(c)e religieuse. Cependant, ce que nous connaissons directement de la (TM)OrphA-sme se rA(c)duit A une poignA(c)e de fragments isolA(c)s et souvent trAs courts qui se trouvent A(c)parpillA(c)s dans les oeuvres de Platoniciens ayant vA(c)cu sous l'Empire romain, surtout Proclus, Damascius et Olympiodore. Dans les articles qui composent ce recueil, l'auteur s'est attachA(c) A reconstituer les contextes dans lesquels ces passages sont citA(c)s, et A comprendre comment s'est dA(c)veloppA(c)e la tradition A(c)crite A laquelle ils appartiennent, depuis les textes qui critiquent les croyances vA(c)hiculA(c)es par HomAre et par HA(c)siode et qui, ayant fait l'objet d'une rA(c)daction ou d'une transformation rA(c)cente, prA(c)sentent les signes d'une adaptation A des mouvements religieux ou philosophiques tardifs, le StoA-cisme et le mA(c)dio-Platonisme entre autres. S'opposant en cela A beaucoup d'autres spA(c)cialistes, l'auteur pense qu'il est possible de retracer une A(c)volution dans la production des textes orphiques, en se prenant notamment pour critAre le rA'le et la place de Chronos dans les diffA(c)rentes versions de la thA(c)ogonie orphique. Il pose aussi la question de savoir s'il y eut de vA(c)ritables sectes orphiques mettant en ouevre un culte avec des rites spA(c)cfiques; sur ce point, ses conclusions sont nA(c)gatives, car les tA(c)moignages dA(c)cisifs manquent.

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Product details

  • Hardback | 320 pages
  • 152.4 x 226.1 x 20.3mm | 521.64g
  • Taylor & Francis Ltd
  • Variorum
  • United Kingdom
  • English
  • New edition
  • New edition
  • indexes
  • 0860784533
  • 9780860784531
  • 1,858,984

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Review quote

'The competence with which Brisson moves among the Hellenistic sources makes his argument extremely persuasive.' Numen, Vol. 45

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About Luc Brisson

Luc Brisson, CNRS, France

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