Orphans of the Republic: The Nation's Legislators in Vichy France

Orphans of the Republic: The Nation's Legislators in Vichy France

Hardback Harvard Historical Studies

By (author) Olivier Wieviorka, Translated by George Holoch

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  • Publisher: HARVARD UNIVERSITY PRESS
  • Format: Hardback | 448 pages
  • Dimensions: 155mm x 235mm x 33mm | 771g
  • Publication date: 31 March 2009
  • Publication City/Country: Cambridge, Mass
  • ISBN 10: 0674032616
  • ISBN 13: 9780674032613
  • Illustrations note: 1 map, 48 tables

Product description

On July 10, 1940, by a 570 to 80 margin, the representatives in the French parliament voted full powers to Philippe Petain, ending the Third Republic and paving the way for the collaborationist Vichy regime. Olivier Wieviorka offers a nuanced portrait of the individuals who determined the fate of France at this critical moment. Petain claimed to be saving France from ruin. The day of the vote has been described as a journee des dupes, the legislators so ignorant or fearful that they voted without a thought to the consequences. But Wieviorka shows that most of the deputies made a considered decision to vote for Petain. He analyzes the factors, such as political culture and regional origins, that motivated the voting on both sides, and traces the men's fates through the war. Recreating the tense atmosphere of summer 1940, Wieviorka shows how pressures brought on by defeat could affect even the most hardened republicans. He illuminates the complex moral issues inherent in accommodation and collaboration in a time of crisis.

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Author information

Olivier Wieviorka is Professor at the Ecole Normale Superieure de Cachan, and author of Normandy: The Landings to the Liberation of Paris (Harvard).

Review quote

"This is history writing at its best." - Philip Nord, French Politics, Culture, and Society"

Table of contents

* Contents * Acknowledgments * Introduction: In Search of Meaning * The Rules of the Game * Politics First? * Here We Stand, Marechal? July 1940--November 1942 * Parting the Waters 1942--1944 * Purge * Epilogue * Appendixes * A. Members of Parliament and Positions Adopted * B. Members of Parliament after the Liberation * Notes * Sources and Bibliography * Index