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    Olive Branch and Sword: The Compromise of 1833 (Walter Lynwood Fleming Lectures in Southern History (Paperback)) (Paperback) By (author) Thomas Jefferson Foundation Professor of History Emeritus Merrill D Peterson

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    DescriptionDominated by the personalities of three towering figures of the nation's middle period -- Henry Clay, John C. Calhoun, and President Andrew Jackson -- Olive Branch and Sword: The Compromise of 1833 tells of the political and rhetorical dueling that brought about the Compromise of 1833, resolving the crisis of the Union caused by South Carolina's nullification of the protective tariff.In 1832 South Carolina's John C. Calhoun denounced the entire protectionist system as unconstitutional, unequal, and founded on selfish sectional interests. Opposing him was Henry Clay, the Kentucky senator and champion of the protectionists. Both Calhoun and Clay had presidential ambitions, and neither could agree on any issue save their common opposition to President Jackson, who seemed to favor a military solution to the South Carolina problem. It was only when Clay, after the most complicated maneuverings, produced the Compromise of 1833 that he, Calhoun, and Jackson could agree to coexist peaceably within the Union.The compromise consisted of two key parts. The Compromise Tariff, written by Clay and approved by Calhoun, provided for the gradual reduction of duties to the revenue level of 20 percent. The Force Bill, enacted at the request of President Jackson, authorized the use of military force, if necessary, to put down nullification in South Carolina. The two acts became, respectively, the olive branch and the sword of the compromise that preserved the peace, the Union, and the Constitution in 1833.A careful study of what has become a neglected event in American political history, Merrill D. Peterson's work spans a period of over thirty years -- sketching the background of national policy out of which nullification arose, detailing the explosive events of 1832 and 1833, and then tracing the consequences of the compromise through the dozen or so years that it remained in public controversy. Considering as well the larger question of decision making and policy making in the Jacksonian republic, Peterson nonetheless never loses sight of the crucial role played by the ambitions, whims, and passions of such men as Calhoun, Clay, and Jackson in determining the course of history.


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    Title
    Olive Branch and Sword: The Compromise of 1833
    Authors and contributors
    By (author) Thomas Jefferson Foundation Professor of History Emeritus Merrill D Peterson
    Physical properties
    Format: Paperback
    Number of pages: 148
    Width: 140 mm
    Height: 216 mm
    Thickness: 9 mm
    Weight: 195 g
    Language
    English
    ISBN
    ISBN 13: 9780807124970
    ISBN 10: 0807124974
    Classifications

    Warengruppen-Systematik des deutschen Buchhandels: 25590
    BIC geographical qualifier V2: 1KBB
    BIC subject category V2: HBLL
    Nielsen BookScan Product Class 3: T5.2
    BIC E4L: HIS
    BIC time period qualifier V2: 3JH
    BIC subject category V2: HBJK
    Ingram Theme: CHRN/ERLY18
    Ingram Subject Code: HS
    Ingram Theme: CULT/SOUTH
    Libri: I-HS
    BISAC V2.8: HIS036040
    DC21: 973.561
    DC22: 973.561
    Thema V1.0: NHK
    Publisher
    Louisiana State University Press
    Imprint name
    Louisiana State University Press
    Publication date
    01 March 1999
    Publication City/Country
    Baton Rouge
    Author Information
    Merrill D. Peterson is Thomas Jefferson Foundation Professor of History at the University of Virginia. He is the author of four books, most recently Adams and Jefferson: A Revolutionary Dialogue. He is the editor of The Portable Thomas Jefferson.