Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Introduction to Marine ScienceHardback
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- Publisher: Sinauer Associates Inc.,U.S.
- Format: Hardback | 575 pages
- Dimensions: 224mm x 284mm x 25mm | 1,542g
- Publication date: 20 August 2012
- Publication City/Country: Sunderland
- ISBN 10: 0878936025
- ISBN 13: 9780878936021
- Sales rank: 128,961
Oceanography and Marine Biology preserves the basic elements of the physical, chemical, and geological aspects of the marine sciences, and merges those fundamentals into a broader framework of marine biology and ecology. Existing textbooks on oceanography or marine biology address the companion field only cursorily: very few pages in oceanography texts are devoted to marine biology, and vice versa. This new book overcomes that imbalance, bringing these disparate marine science text formats closer together, giving them more equal weight, and introducing more effectively the physical sciences by showing students with everyday examples how such concepts form the foundation upon which to build a better understanding of the marine environment in a changing world. Lecturer supplements will also be available.
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DAVID W. TOWNSEND is Professor of Oceanography in the School of Marine Sciences at the University of Maine, USA. Dr. Townsend has been recognized for his teaching with the College Outstanding Teaching Award (2001) and the Distinguished Maine Professor Award (2006). He has published more than 90 papers, book chapters, and reviews. His research interests include: biological oceanography of estuaries and shelf seas; phytoplankton blooms; nutrient dynamics; fisheries oceanography; ecology and population dynamics of larval fishes and zooplankton; plankton ecology and trophodynamics; and coupling of physical and biological processes.
Table of contents
PART I: EARLY FOUNDATIONS OF THE OCEAN SCIENCES The Early Ocean Voyagers The Principles of Navigation Dealing with Spherical Geometry of the Earth Coming Out of the Dark Ages: The Renaissance Europeans Post-Renaissance Ocean Exploration The Birth of Oceanography Oceanography and Marine Biology: Late Nineteenth to Early Twentieth Century PART II: ORIGINS AND CONNECTIONS: SCIENCE, THE UNIVERSE, EARTH, AND LIFE What Is Science? Origins: Where Did the Earth and Its Oceans Come From? Earth's Internal Structure An Introduction to Geophysics The Origin of Life PART III: THE OCEAN FLOOR: ITS FORMATION AND EVOLUTION Continental Drift Marine Sediments PART IV: WATER: ITS CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES Basic Chemistry: Chemical Bonds Physical-Chemical Properties of Water Salinity Density Properties of Salt Water Vertical Structure in the Ocean PART V: ATMOSPHERIC CIRCULATION AND OCEAN CURRENTS Light in the Sea Atmospheric Circulation Ocean Circulation PART VI: WAVES AND TIDES The Basics of Ocean Waves Tides PART VII: INTRODUCTION TO LIFE IN THE SEA The Basics of Marine Biology: Photosynthesis and Respiration Nutrients and Limiting Factors Biological Production in the Oceans Food Chains and Food Webs Factors Controlling the Distribution of Marine Organisms Taxonomy of Marine Organisms PART VIII: THE PRIMARY PRODUCERS The Phytoplankton The Macroalgae (the Seaweeds) Sea-grasses PART VIIII: THE ZOOPLANKTON The Meroplankton The Holoplankton PART X: MARINE INVERTEBRATES The Benthos Nektonic Invertebrates The Cephalopod Molluscs PART XI: THE FISHES The Jawless Fishes The Cartilagenous Fishes The Bony Fishes General Biology of Marine Fishes The Field of Ichtyology PART XII: MARINE ENVIRONMENTS The Intertidal Zone Estuaries Salt Marshes Mangrove Forests Coral Reefs The Deep-Sea Environment PART XIII: MARINE REPTILES, BIRDS, AND MAMMALS Marine Reptiles Sea Birds Marine Mammals Whaling PART XIV: MARINE FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE Fisheries Trophodynamics A History of Commercial Fisheries Principles of Fishery Science Current Status and Management of Fisheries Aquaculture PART XV: HUMAN IMPACTS Marine Pollution Global Climate Change