• Occurrence of Organic Wastewater Compounds in Selected Surface-Water Supplies, Triangle Area of North Carolina, 2002-2005: Usgs Scientific Investigati See large image

    Occurrence of Organic Wastewater Compounds in Selected Surface-Water Supplies, Triangle Area of North Carolina, 2002-2005: Usgs Scientific Investigati (Paperback) By (author) Michael D Bush, By (author) M J Giorgino, By (author) R B Rasmussen

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    DescriptionSelected organic wastewater compounds, such as household, industrial, and agricultural-use compounds, sterols, pharmaceuticals, and antibiotics, were measured at eight sites classified as drinking-water supplies in the Triangle Area of North Carolina. From October 2002 through July 2005, seven of the sites were sampled twice, and one site was sampled 28 times, for a total of 42 sets of environmental samples. Samples were analyzed for as many as 126 compounds using three laboratory analytical methods. These methods were developed by the U.S. Geological Survey to detect low levels (generally less than or equal to 1.0 microgram per liter) of the target compounds in filtered water. Because analyses were conducted on filtered samples, the results presented in this report may not reflect the total concentration of organic wastewater compounds in the waters that were sampled. Various quality-control samples were used to quality assure the results in terms of method performance and possible laboratory or field contamination. Of the 108 organic wastewater compounds that met method performance criteria, 24 were detected in at least one sample during the study. These 24 compounds included 3 pharmaceutical compounds, 6 fire retardants and plasticizers, 3 antibiotics, 3 pesticides, 6 fragrances and flavorants, 1 disinfectant, and 2 miscellaneous-use compounds, all of which likely originated from a variety of domestic, industrial, and agricultural sources. The 10 most frequently detected compounds included acetyl-hexamethyl tetrahydronaphthalene and hexahydro-hexamethyl cyclopentabenzopyran (synthetic musks that are widely used in personal-care products and are known endocrine disruptors); tri(2-chloroethyl) phosphate, tri(dichloroisopropyl) phosphate, and tributyl phosphate (fire retardants); metolachlor (herbicide); caffeine (nonprescription stimulant); cotinine (metabolite of nicotine); acetaminophen (nonprescription analgesic); and sulfamethoxazole (prescription antibiotic). The occurrence and distribution of organic wastewater compounds varied considerably among sampling sites, but at least one compound was detected at every location.


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  • Full bibliographic data for Occurrence of Organic Wastewater Compounds in Selected Surface-Water Supplies, Triangle Area of North Carolina, 2002-2005

    Title
    Occurrence of Organic Wastewater Compounds in Selected Surface-Water Supplies, Triangle Area of North Carolina, 2002-2005
    Subtitle
    Usgs Scientific Investigati
    Authors and contributors
    By (author) Michael D Bush, By (author) M J Giorgino, By (author) R B Rasmussen
    Physical properties
    Format: Paperback
    Number of pages: 40
    Width: 189 mm
    Height: 246 mm
    Thickness: 2 mm
    Weight: 91 g
    Language
    English
    ISBN
    ISBN 13: 9781244057951
    ISBN 10: 1244057959
    Classifications

    Warengruppen-Systematik des deutschen Buchhandels: 27230
    BIC E4L: EDU
    Nielsen BookScan Product Class 3: S3.8
    BIC subject category V2: JNK, JP
    Ingram Subject Code: ED
    Libri: I-ED
    BISAC V2.8: EDU001000, POL000000
    Illustrations note
    black & white illustrations
    Publisher
    Bibliogov
    Imprint name
    Bibliogov
    Publication date
    11 September 2011
    Publication City/Country
    Charleston SC