Neighborhoods and Health

Neighborhoods and Health

Hardback Medicine

Edited by Ichiro Kawachi, Edited by Lisa F. Berkman

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  • Publisher: Oxford University Press Inc
  • Format: Hardback | 368 pages
  • Dimensions: 157mm x 236mm x 25mm | 658g
  • Publication date: 20 March 2003
  • Publication City/Country: New York
  • ISBN 10: 0195138384
  • ISBN 13: 9780195138382
  • Illustrations note: numerous figures and tables
  • Sales rank: 914,640

Product description

Do places make a difference to people's health and well-being? The authors of this groundbreaking textbook demonstrate convincingly how the physical and social characteristics of a neighbourhood can shape the health of its residents. Drawing on the expertise of a renowned cast of researchers, this book presents a state-of-the art account of the theories, methods, and empirical evidence linking neighbourhood conditions to population health. Represented in the volume are contributions from the world's leading investigators in the field, including social epidemiologists, demographers, medical geographers, sociologists, and medical practitioners. This comprehensive textbook lays out for the first time the methodological approaches to conducting neighbourhood research, including multi-level and contextual analysis, geocoding and the use of small area-based measures of deprivation, as well as the evolving science of "ecometrics". Substantive chapters present the case for the relevance of neighbourhood effects on health outcomes throughout the life cycle, from infant mortality and low birthweight, to childhood asthma, adult infectious diseases, and disability in old age. The approaches covered in the book range from testing the linkages between community-level variables, such as social capital and residential segregation, and population health to designing and implementing community interventions and policies to improve the health of the public. The book is a timely companion volume to Social Epidemiology (Oxford University Press, 2000), edited by the same authors, and an indispensable manual on neighbourhood research for students, researchers, and practitioners.

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Review quote

"The methodological insights and specific research findings displayed in the book Neighborhoods and Health signal an important advance in epidemiology. This book summarizes much of the recent progress that has been made in studies that use aggregate or area-wide measurements. Overall, this book has much to offer. The authors themselves are clearly aware of the complexities, unsolved problems, and numerous challenges that confront anyone who wants to assess quantitatively the impact of social and geographic units on health."--American Journal of Epidemiology

Table of contents

1. Introduction ; 2. Neighbourhoods and Health: An Overview ; PART I: METHODOLOGICAL AND CONCEPTUAL APPROACHES TO STUDYING NEIGHBOURHOOD EFFECTS ON HEALTH ; 3. The examination of neighbourhood effects on health: Conceptual and methodological issues related to the presence of multiple levels of organization ; 4. Multilevel methods for public health research ; 5. The quantitative assessment of neighbourhood social environments ; 6. Neighbourhood-level context and health: lessons from sociology ; 7. Geocoding and measurement of neighbourhood socioeconomic position: A U.S. perspective ; 8. Area-based deprivation measures: A UK perspective ; PART II: NEIGHBOURHOODS AND HEALTH OUTCOMES ; 9. Neighbourhoods and infectious diseases ; 10. Infant health: Race, risk, and residence ; 11. Putting asthma into context: community influences on risk, behaviour, and intervention ; PART III: THE CONTOURS OF NEIGHBOURHOOD EFFECTS ON HEALTH ; 12. Residential segregation and health ; 13. Neighbourhoods and networks: The construction of safe places and bridges ; 14. Neighbourhoods, aging and functional limitations ; 15. Neighbourhoods, health research, and its relevance to public policy