Mobile Clouds: Exploiting Distributed Resources in Wireless Networks

Mobile Clouds: Exploiting Distributed Resources in Wireless Networks

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By (author) Frank H. P. Fitzek, By (author) Marcos D. Katz

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Includes a preface written by Professor Leonard Kleinrock, Distinguished Professor of Computer Science, UCLA, USA This book discusses and explores the concept of mobile cloud , creating an inspiring research space for exploiting opportunistic resource sharing, and covering from theoretical research approaches to the development of commercially profitable ideas. A mobile cloud is a cooperative arrangement of dynamically connected communication nodes sharing opportunistic resources. In this book, authors provide a comprehensive and motivating overview of this rapidly emerging technology. The book explores how distributed resources can be shared by mobile users in very different ways and for various purposes. The book provides many stimulating examples of resource-sharing applications. Enabling technologies for mobile clouds are also discussed, highlighting the key role of network coding. Mobile clouds have the potential to enhance communications performance, improve utilization of resources and create flexible platforms to share resources in very novel ways. Energy efficient aspects of mobile clouds are discussed in detail, showing how being cooperative can bring mobile users significant energy saving. The book presents and discusses multiple examples of mobile clouds applications, based on both existing commercial initiatives as well as proof-of-concept test-beds. Visions and prospects are also discussed, paving the way for further development. As mobile networks and social networks become more and more reliant on each other, the concept of resource sharing takes a wider and deeper meaning, creating the foundations for a global real-time multidimensional resource pool, the underlying infrastructure for shareconomy. Above all, this is an inspiring book for anyone who is concerned about the future of wireless and mobile communications networks and their relationship with Social networks. Key Features: Provides fundamental ideas and promising concepts for exploiting opportunistic cooperation and cognition in wireless and mobile networks Gives clear definitions of mobile clouds from different perspectives Associates mobile and wireless networks with social networks, creating a vast fertile ground for novel developments in both research and practical applications Considers research directions, emerging trends and visions This book is an excellent resource for wireless/networking researchers in industry and academia, students and mobile phone programmers. Managers interested in new technology developments, service providers, network operators, and those working in the gaming industry will also find the book insightful.

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Author information

Frank H. P. Fitzek is a Professor in the department ofElectronic Systems, Aalborg University, Denmark. He received hisdiploma (Dipl.-Ing.) degree in electrical engineering from theUniversity of Technology - Rheinisch-Westfalische TechnischeHochschule (RWTH) - Aachen, Germany, in 1997 and his Ph.D.(Dr.-Ing.) in Electrical Engineering from the Technical UniversityBerlin, Germany in 2002 and became Adjunct Professor at theUniversity of Ferrara, Italy in the same year. He co-founded thestart-up company acticom GmbH in Berlin in 1999. He has visitedvarious research institutes including Massachusetts Institute ofTechnology (MIT), VTT, and Arizona State University. In 2005 he wonthe YRP award for the work on MIMO MDC and received the Young EliteResearcher Award of Denmark. He was selected to receive the NOKIAChampion Award several times in a row from 2007 to 2011. In 2008 hewas awarded the Nokia Achievement Award for his work on cooperativenetworks. In 2011 he received the SAPERE AUDE research grant fromthe Danish government and in 2012 he received the VodafoneInnovation price. His current research interests are in the areasof wireless and mobile communication networks, mobile phoneprogramming, network coding, cross layer as well as energyefficient protocol design and cooperative networking. Marcos D. Katz works as a professor at Centre forWireless Communications, University of Oulu, Finland. He receivedthe B.S. degree in Electrical Engineering from Universidad Nacionalde Tucuman, Argentina in 1987, and the M.S. and Ph.D. degreesin Electrical Engineering from University of Oulu, Finland, in 1995and 2002, respectively. He worked as a Research Engineer at NokiaTelecommunications from 1987 to 1995. From 1995 to 2001 he was aSenior Research Engineer at Nokia Networks, Finland. In2001 2002 he was a Research Scientist at the Centre forWireless Communications, University of Oulu, Finland. In years2003 2005 Dr Katz was the Principal Engineer at SamsungElectronics, Advanced Research Lab., Telecommunications R&DCenter, Suwon, Korea. From 2006 to 2009 he worked as a ChiefResearch Scientist at VTT, the Technical Research Centre ofFinland. His current research interests include cooperative andcognitive networking as well as optical communications,particularly visible light communications.

Review quote

"It is a classic that does not just sell to students during term time but has a much wider appeal ... This edition will sell really well on publication." (The Bookseller, 16 December 2011)

Back cover copy

This book discusses and explores the concept of mobile cloud, creating an inspiring research space for developing commercially profitable ideas based on exploiting opportunistic resource sharing. A Mobile Cloud is a cooperative arrangement of dynamically connected nodes sharing opportunistic resources. In this book, authors provide a comprehensive and motivating overview of this rapidly emerging technology. The book explores how distributed resources can be shared by mobile users in very different ways and for various purposes. The book provides many stimulating examples of resource-sharing applications. Enabling technologies for mobile clouds are also discussed, highlighting the key role of network coding. Mobile clouds enhance communications performance, improve utilization of resources and create flexible platforms to share resources in a very novel manner. Energy-efficient aspects of mobile clouds are discussed in detail, showing how being cooperative can bring mobile users significant energy saving. The book presents and discusses multiple examples of mobile clouds applications, based on both existing commercial initiatives as well as proof-of-concept test-beds. Visions and prospects are also discussed, paving the way for further development. As mobile networks and social networks become more and more reliant on each other, the concept of resource sharing takes a wider and deeper meaning, creating the foundations for a global real-time multidimensional resource pool, the underlying infrastructure for shareconomy. Above all, this is an inspiring book for anyone who is concerned about the future of wireless and mobile communications networks and their relationship with social networks. Key Features: Provides the basic ideas and concepts of exploiting opportunistically cooperation and cognition in wireless and mobile networks Gives clear definitions of mobile clouds from different perspectives Associates mobile and wireless networks with social networks, creating a vast fertile ground for novel developments in both research and practical applications. Considers research directions, emerging trends and visions This book is an excellent resource for wireless/networking researchers in industry and academia, students and mobile phone programmers. Managers interested in new technology developments, service providers, network operators, and those working in the gaming industry will also find the book insightful.

Table of contents

Foreword xiii Preface xv Acknowledgements xxi Abbreviations xxiii Part One MOBILE CLOUDS: INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND 1 Motivation 3 1.1 Introduction 3 1.2 From Brick Phones to Smart Phones 5 1.3 Mobile Connectivity Evolution: From Single to Multiple AirInterface Devices 7 1.4 Network Evolution: The Need for Advanced Architectures10 1.5 Conclusion 11 References 11 2 Mobile Clouds: An Introduction 13 2.1 Introduction 13 2.2 Mobile Cloud Definitions 15 2.3 Cooperation and Cognition in Mobile Clouds 24 2.4 Mobile Cloud Classification and Associated CooperationApproaches 27 2.5 Types of Cooperation and Incentives 29 2.6 Conclusion 33 References 35 3 Sharing Device Resources in Mobile Clouds 37 3.1 Introduction 37 3.2 Examples of Resource Sharing 39 3.3 Sharing Loudspeakers 40 3.4 Sharing Microphones 41 3.5 Sharing Image Sensors 42 3.6 Sharing Displays 44 3.7 Sharing General Purpose Sensors 46 3.8 Sharing Keyboards 46 3.9 Sharing Data Pipes 46 3.10 Sharing Mobile Apps 48 3.11 Sharing Mass Memory 48 3.12 Sharing Processing Units 49 3.13 Sharing Batteries 50 3.14 Conclusion 51 References 51 Part Two ENABLING TECHNOLOGIES FOR MOBILE CLOUDS 4 Wireless Communication Technologies 55 4.1 Introduction 55 4.2 Cellular Communications Systems 56 4.3 Short Range Technologies 58 4.4 Combined Air Interface 62 4.5 Building Mobile Clouds 64 4.6 Conclusion 65 References 66 5 Network Coding for Mobile Clouds 67 5.1 Introduction to Network Coding 67 5.2 Inter Flow Network Coding 68 5.3 Inter Flow Network Coding for User Cooperation inMobile Clouds 73 5.4 Intra Flow Network Coding 78 5.5 Intra Flow Network Coding for User Cooperation inMobile Clouds 80 5.6 Conclusion 91 References 91 6 Mobile Cloud Formation and Maintenance 93 6.1 Introduction 93 6.2 Mobile Cloud Stages 94 6.3 Service Discovery for Mobile Clouds 100 6.4 Conclusion 104 References 104 Part Three SOCIAL ASPECTS OF MOBILE CLOUDS 7 Cooperative Principles by Nature 107 7.1 Introduction 107 7.2 Cheetahs and Hyenas 108 7.3 Orca Killer Whales 109 7.4 Vampire Bats 109 7.5 Monkeys 110 7.6 Prisoner s Dilemma 110 7.7 Conclusion 115 References 115 8 Social Mobile Clouds 117 8.1 Introduction 117 8.2 Different Forms of Cooperation 118 8.3 Social Networks and Mobile Clouds 121 8.4 Cooperation in Relaying Networks: A Simple Example 128 8.5 Conclusion 129 References 130 Part Four GREEN ASPECTS OF MOBILE CLOUDS 9 Green Mobile Clouds: Making Mobile Devices More EnergyEfficient 133 9.1 Introduction 133 9.2 Cooperative Download 138 9.3 Cooperative Streaming 150 9.4 Comparison of the Different Approaches 153 9.5 Conclusion and Outlook 154 9.6 Energy Gain for the Network Operator 156 9.7 Conclusion 157 References 157 Part Five APPLICATION OF MOBILE CLOUDS 10 Mobile Clouds Applications 161 10.1 Introduction 161 10.2 Forced Cooperation Overlay Network 162 10.3 Technology enabled Cooperation OverlayNetwork 165 10.4 Socially enabled Cooperation Overlay Network166 10.5 Altruism Overlay Network 167 10.6 Forced Cooperation Direct Mobile Cloud 167 10.7 Technically enabled Cooperation Direct MobileCloud 169 10.8 Socially enabled Cooperation Direct MobileCloud 173 10.9 Altruism: Direct Mobile Cloud 174 10.10 Industrial Activities 175 10.11 Conclusion 176 References 176 Part Six MOBILE CLOUDS: PROSPECTS AND CONCLUSIONS 11 Visions and Prospects 181 11.1 Some Insights on the Future Developments of Mobile Clouds181 11.2 Mobile Clouds and Related Technology Developments 184 11.3 Promising Novel Applications of Mobile Clouds 187 11.4 Resource Sharing as one of the Pillars of SocialInteraction: the Birth of Shareconomy 189 References 192 Index 193