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    Methods for Real-Time Measurement of THMs and HAAs in Distribution Systems - Part 2 (Paperback) By (author) G Emmert, By (author) M Brown, By (author) P Simone Jr

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    DescriptionChlorine, typically applied as gaseous chlorine, sodium hypochlorite, or calcium hypochlorite, is a safe and economical water disinfectant and has been used with great success for over a century. Unfortunately, water chlorination results in the formation of halogenated disinfection by-products (DBPs), including trihalomethanes (THMs) and haloacetic acids (HAAs). Maximum contaminant levels (MCL) have been established by the USEPA for drinking water due to the possible adverse health effects from ingestion of THMs and HAAs. The current MCLs for total THMs and total HAAs in drinking water are 0.080 mg/L and 0.060 mg/L, respectively. Future regulations might lower the MCL for these DBPs, requiring plant operators to minimize total THMs and total HAAs concentrations in drinking water. To accomplish these goals, analytical methods are needed that will provide monitoring data in real-time or near real-time. The overall goal of this research was to develop chemical analyzers and associated analytical methods for online monitoring of THM and HAA concentrations directly from drinking water distribution systems. The project has led to the development of several alternative analyzers for real-time monitoring of THMs and HAAs. The details of the construction and operation of the three most promising analyzers are provided. These three analyzers, operated in concert or separately, provide water utilities with relatively low cost simple alternatives for optimizing treatment practices with the possibility of minimizing the formation of THMs and HAAs.


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    Title
    Methods for Real-Time Measurement of THMs and HAAs in Distribution Systems - Part 2
    Authors and contributors
    By (author) G Emmert, By (author) M Brown, By (author) P Simone Jr
    Physical properties
    Format: Paperback
    Number of pages: 406
    Width: 210 mm
    Height: 280 mm
    Thickness: 21 mm
    Weight: 910 g
    Language
    English
    ISBN
    ISBN 13: 9781843398295
    ISBN 10: 184339829X
    Classifications

    B&T Book Type: NF
    BIC E4L: ENV
    BISAC V2.8: TEC010000
    BIC subject category V2: TQ
    Nielsen BookScan Product Class 3: S9.9T
    B&T General Subject: 710
    BISAC V2.8: SCI026000
    Warengruppen-Systematik des deutschen Buchhandels: 27610
    Ingram Subject Code: TE
    B&T Merchandise Category: POD
    Abridged Dewey: 628
    LC classification: TA
    Thema V1.0: TQ
    Illustrations note
    black & white illustrations
    Publisher
    Iwa Publishing
    Imprint name
    Iwa Publishing
    Publication date
    30 May 2010
    Publication City/Country
    London