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Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Skeletal Regeneration

Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Skeletal Regeneration

Paperback Academic Press

By (author) Elena Jones, By (author) Peter Giannoudis, By (author) Xuebin Yang, By (author) Dennis Mcgonagle

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  • Publisher: Academic Press Inc
  • Format: Paperback | 70 pages
  • Dimensions: 148mm x 222mm x 10mm | 120g
  • Publication date: 18 March 2013
  • Publication City/Country: San Diego
  • ISBN 10: 0124079156
  • ISBN 13: 9780124079151
  • Edition: 1
  • Illustrations note: black & white illustrations

Product description

This book covers our current understanding of the role of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and other mesenchymal progenitors in skeletal regeneration, encompassing bone, cartilage and whole joint regeneration. The expansion reflects developments in the field to include data on the use of MSCs in drug development, growth factors, scaffolds and biomechanical manipulations for skeletal trauma and diseases, including osteoporosis and arthritis. Written for an audience of clinicians and young researchers who are exposed to MSCs in their work, this work summarizes recent findings pertaining to the definition and characterization of MSCs in skeletal tissues and discusses the mechanisms of their actions in regeneration of bone in vivo. The authors describe recent findings pertaining to the efficacy of MSC therapies in animal models and in human clinical trials and bring together literature showing that the ways MSCs are extracted, expanded and implanted can considerably affect bone formation outcomes. Finally, it presents the latest knowledge on the nature of native MSCs in skeletal tissues, which provide a platform for novel in situ tissue regeneration approaches for systemic bone disease such as osteoporosis. It focuses specifically on the use of stem cells in skeletal tissue generation for a broad audience of stem cell, cancer, and bone biologists, orthopedists, oncologists, and regenerative medicine specialists. It provides a short historical 'detour' and foundational information on founding concepts, discoveries and personalities in MSC research. It assists a new generation of scientists and clinicians in digesting the multitude of journal articles on the topic by providing easily-absorbed and condensed foundational context.

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"Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Skeletal Regeneration. By Elena A. Jones, Xuebin Yang, Peter Giannoudis, and Dennis McGonagle. Academic Press. Amsterdam (The Netherlands) and Boston (Massachusetts): Elsevier. $29.95 (paper). vi 66 p.; ill.; no index. ISBN: 978-0-12-407915-1. 2013." - The Quarterly Review of Biology,September 2014 "Researchers in the fields of musculoskeletal disease and molecular medicine, tissue engineering, and trauma and orthopedic surgery discuss how mesenchymal stem cells offer advantages over current clinical approaches for bone regeneration, animal models with MSCs, and remaining challenges. The concise monograph includes a summary table of clinical trials."--Reference and Research Book News, August 2013

Table of contents

Chapter 1 Current Strategies for Skeletal Regeneration in the Early Twenty-First Century 1.1 The Economic and Social Burden of Diseases Affecting Bone and Cartilage 1.2 Current Clinical Approaches for Bone Regeneration: The Diamond Concept Chapter 2 Mesenchymal Stem Cells: Discovery in Bone Marrow and Beyond 2.1 Discovery 2.2 "Explosion” of Interest in MSCs 2.3 MSC Tissue Heterogeneity Chapter 3 Traditional Bone Tissue Engineering Using MSCs 3.1 Proof-of-Principle Experiments in Animal Models 3.2 Cell Therapy Using MSCs 3.3 Bone Tissue Engineering 3.4 Serum-Free MSC Expansion 3.5 Osteochondral Tissue Repair Chapter 4 Challenges for Cartilage Regeneration 4.1 Osteoarthritis (OA) Development and the Loss of Cartilage 4.2 Current Cartilage Repair Strategies 4.3 Spontaneous Cartilage Repair 4.4 Harnessing the Potential of Synovial Fluid MSCs for Cartilage Repair Applications Chapter 5 Animal Models for Investigating MSC Involvement in Bone and Cartilage Repair 5.1 Small Animal Models 5.2 Large Animal Models for Bone Repair and Regeneration 5.3 Animal Models for Osteochondral Tissue Engineering 5.4 Animal Models for Cartilage Tissue Engineering Chapter 6 Native MSCs 6.1 MSCs and Marrow Reticular Cells 6.2 Nonadherent MSCs 6.3 Solid Tissues: MSCs and Fibroblasts 6.4 MSC as a Pericyte Chapter 7 "Trophic” Actions of MSCs 7.1 Discovery of the Trophic Action of MSCs in Cardiac Repair Trials 7.2 Other Disease Applications Chapter 8 Novel Approaches for Bone Regeneration Targeting Native MSCs 8.1 Medical Devices Allowing MSC Concentration 8.2 Host MSC "Modifiers” 8.3 "In vivo” Bioreactors and Periosteum-Like Membranes 8.4 Targeting MSCs in Systemic Bone Diseases: Novel Bone Anabolics Concluding Remarks References