Mastering VMware VSphere 5

Mastering VMware VSphere 5

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By (author) Scott Lowe

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  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Ltd
  • Format: Paperback | 768 pages
  • Dimensions: 183mm x 234mm x 43mm | 1,111g
  • Publication date: 28 October 2011
  • Publication City/Country: Chichester
  • ISBN 10: 0470890800
  • ISBN 13: 9780470890806
  • Sales rank: 92,365

Product description

A new and updated edition of bestselling Mastering VMware vSphere 4 Written by leading VMware expert, this book covers all the features and capabilities of VMware vSphere. You'll learn how to install, configure, operate, manage, and secure the latest release. Covers all the new features and capabilities of the much-anticipated new release of VMware vSphere Discusses the planning, installation, operation, and management for the latest release Reviews migration to the latest vSphere software Offers hands-on instruction and clear explanations with real-world examples Mastering VMware vSphere is the strategic guide you need to maximize the opportunities of virtualization.

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Author information

Scott Lowe , VCDX, has been in IT for more than 17 years and is a VMware vExpert, an honor granted by VMware to individuals whose work in the VMware community has made a significant impact. He is currently the Chief Technology Officer for the vSpecialist team at EMC Corporation, where he specializes in the integration of VMware, Cisco, and EMC solutions, products, and technologies. Scott is the author of Mastering VMware vSphere 4 and coauthor of VMware vSphere 4 Administration Instant Reference and VMware vSphere Design . He is also a former contributor to SearchVMware.com and SearchServerVirtualization.com, and a former columnist for Virtualization Review magazine. Scott's top-rated VMware/virtualization blog is blog.scottlowe.org.

Back cover copy

Thoroughly Updated for VMware vSphere 5!Virtualization is hotter than ever. VMware vSphere is the most widely deployed virtualization platform, and this indispensable book by VMware vExpert and VCDX Scott Lowe is your key to harnessing the newest version. Using step-by-step instruction and real-world examples, he takes you under the hood of VMware vSphere 5 and shows you how to get the very most out of all its components. Learn how to install, configure, operate, monitor, secure, and automate your virtual infrastructure from a leading expert and with the leading virtualization solution.Coverage includes: Understanding all components of the VMware vSphere 5 suiteInstalling and configuring VMware ESXi, vCenter Server, and vSphere Update ManagerBuilding and managing virtual machines, networks, and storageHandling day-to-day or advanced tasks through the vSphere Web ClientEnsuring high availability and optimized resource usage with vSphere HA and vSphere DRSSecuring and automating VMware vSphereMonitoring resource allocation and performanceLeveraging new storage features in VMware vSphere 5, such as Storage DRSHarness the Power of Virtualization with VMware vSphereIncrease Your Capacity with Scalable and Robust SolutionsMaster All Tools in the New VMware vSphere 5 SuiteMonitor Performance and Maintain SecurityReinforce Your Skills with Real-World Examples

Table of contents

Introduction xxi Chapter 1 Introducing VMware vSphere 5 1 Exploring VMware vSphere 5 1 Examining the Products in the vSphere Suite 3 Examining the Features in VMware vSphere 8 Why Choose vSphere? 20 The Bottom Line 22 Chapter 2 Planning and Installing VMware ESXi 23 Planning a VMware vSphere Deployment 23 Selecting ESXi Installable or ESXi Embedded 24 Choosing a Server Platform 25 Determining a Storage Architecture 26 Integrating with the Network Infrastructure 27 Deploying VMware ESXi 29 Installing VMware ESXi Interactively 29 Performing an Unattended Installation of VMware ESXi 35 Deploying VMware ESXi with vSphere Auto Deploy 40 Deploying VMware ESXi Embedded 46 Performing Post-installation Confi guration 47 Installing the vSphere Client 47 Reconfi guring the Management Network 50 Confi guring Time Synchronization 52 The Bottom Line 53 Chapter 3 Installing and Confi guring vCenter Server 55 Introducing vCenter Server 55 Centralizing User Authentication Using vCenter Server 57 Providing an Extensible Framework 59 Choosing the Version of vCenter Server 60 Planning and Designing a vCenter Server Deployment 61 Sizing Hardware for vCenter Server 62 Choosing a Database Server for vCenter Server 63 Planning for vCenter Server Availability 65 Running vCenter Server in a VM 67 Installing vCenter Server 68 Confi guring the vCenter Server Backend Database Server 69 Running the vCenter Server Installer 75 Installing vCenter Server in a Linked Mode Group 80 Deploying the vCenter Server Virtual Appliance 84 Accepting the End-User License Agreement 87 Confi guring the Database 88 Starting the vCenter Server Services 88 Exploring vCenter Server 88 What's in the vCenter Server Home Screen? 89 Using the Navigation Bar 90 Creating and Managing a vCenter Server Inventory 90 Understanding Inventory Views and Objects 91 Creating and Adding Inventory Objects 93 Exploring vCenter Server's Management Features 97 Understanding Basic Host Management 97 Examining Basic Host Confi guration 99 Using Scheduled Tasks 101 Using Events View in vCenter Server 103 Using vCenter Server's Maps 104 Working with Host Profiles 106 Managing vCenter Server Settings 108 Custom Attributes 109 vCenter Server Settings 111 Roles 116 Sessions 116 Edit Message of the Day 116 Export System Logs 116 The Bottom Line 118 Chapter 4 Installing and Confi guring vSphere Update Manager 121 Overview of vSphere Update Manager 121 Installing vSphere Update Manager 123 Defi ning the Requirements 124 Confi guring VUM's Database 125 Creating the Open Database Connectivity Data Source Name 128 Installing VUM 129 Installing the Update Manager Download Service (Optional) 132 Installing the vSphere Update Manager Plug-in 133 Reconfi guring the VUM or UMDS Installation with the Update Manager Utility 134 Upgrading VUM from a Previous Version 135 Confi guring vSphere Update Manager 135 Routine Updates 145 Attaching and Detaching Baselines or Baseline Groups 145 Performing a Scan 148 Staging Patches151 Remediating Hosts152 Upgrading the VMware Tools 156 Upgrading Virtual Appliances and Host Extensions158 Upgrading Hosts with vSphere Update Manager158 Importing an ESXi Image and Creating the Host Upgrade Baseline159 Upgrading a Host 161 Upgrading VM Hardware 163 Performing an Orchestrated Upgrade 165 Investigating Alternative Update Options 165 Using vSphere Update Manager PowerCLI 165 Upgrading and Patching without vSphere Update Manager 166 The Bottom Line 167 Chapter 5 Creating and Configuring Virtual Networks 169 Putting Together a Virtual Network 169 Working with vSphere Standard Switches 172 Comparing Virtual Switches and Physical Switches 173 Understanding Ports and Port Groups 174 Understanding Uplinks 176 Confi guring Management Networking 179 Confi guring VMkernel Networking 182 Confi guring VM Networking 186 Confi guring VLANs 187 Confi guring NIC Teaming 192 Using and Confi guring Traffic Shaping 204 Bringing It All Together 205 Working with vSphere Distributed Switches 209 Creating a vSphere Distributed Switch 210 Removing an ESXi Host from a Distributed vSwitch 214 Removing a Distributed vSwitch 216 Creating and Confi guring dvPort Groups 217 Managing Adapters 223 Using NetFlow on vSphere Distributed Switches 228 Enabling Switch Discovery Protocols 230 Setting Up Private VLANs 231 Installing and Confi guring the Cisco Nexus 1000V 234 Installing the Cisco Nexus 1000V 235 Confi guring the Cisco Nexus 1000V 243 Confi guring Virtual Switch Security 245 Understanding and Using Promiscuous Mode 247 Allowing MAC Address Changes and Forged Transmits 247 The Bottom Line 251 Chapter 6 Creating and Confi guring Storage Devices 253 Reviewing the Importance of Storage Design 253 Examining Shared Storage Fundamentals 254 Comparing Local Storage with Shared Storage 257 Defi ning Common Storage Array Architectures 258 Explaining RAID 260 Understanding Midrange and Enterprise Storage Array Design 264 Choosing a Storage Protocol 266 Making Basic Storage Choices 280 Implementing vSphere Storage Fundamentals 282 Reviewing Core vSphere Storage Concepts 283 Working with VMFS Datastores 301 Working with Raw Device Mappings 322 Working with NFS Datastores 324 Working with VM-Level Storage Configuration 334 Leveraging SAN and NAS Best Practices 347 The Bottom Line 352 Chapter 7 Ensuring High Availability and Business Continuity 355 Understanding the Layers of High Availability 355 Clustering VMs 357 Introducing Network Load Balancing Clustering 358 Introducing Windows Failover Clustering 359 Implementing vSphere High Availability 371 Understanding vSphere High Availability 371 Understanding vSphere HA's Underpinnings 373 Enabling vSphere High Availability 375 Confi guring vSphere High Availability 378 Managing vSphere High Availability 391 Implementing vSphere Fault Tolerance 393 Using vSphere Fault Tolerance with vSphere High Availability 399 Using vSphere Fault Tolerance with vSphere Distributed Resource Scheduler 400 Examining vSphere Fault Tolerance Use Cases 400 Planning for Business Continuity 400 Providing Data Protection 401 Recovering from Disasters 404 The Bottom Line 406 Chapter 8 Securing VMware vSphere 407 Overview of vSphere Security 407 Securing ESXi Hosts 408 Working with ESXi Authentication 408 Controlling Access to ESXi Hosts 415 Keeping ESXi Hosts Patched 421 Managing ESXi Host Permissions 422 Confi guring ESXi Host Logging 431 Reviewing Other ESXi Security Recommendations 436 Securing vCenter Server 436 Authenticating Users against vCenter Server 437 Understanding the vpxuser Account 442 Managing vCenter Server Permissions 443 Examining vCenter Server Logging 453 Securing Virtual Machines 454 Confi guring Network Security Policies 454 Keeping VMs Patched 454 The Bottom Line 455 Chapter 9 Creating and Managing Virtual Machines 457 Understanding Virtual Machines 457 Examining Virtual Machines from the Inside 457 Examining Virtual Machines from the Outside 459 Creating a Virtual Machine 463 Choosing Values for Your New Virtual Machine 475 Installing a Guest Operating System 478 Working with Installation Media 479 Using the Installation Media 481 Working in the Virtual Machine Console 482 Installing VMware Tools 484 Installing VMware Tools in Windows 485 Installing VMware Tools in Linux 488 Managing Virtual Machines 490 Adding or Registering Existing VMs 490 Changing VM Power States 492 Removing VMs 493 Deleting VMs 493 Modifying Virtual Machines 494 Changing Virtual Machine Hardware 494 Using Virtual Machine Snapshots 498 The Bottom Line 503 Chapter 10 Using Templates and vApps 505 Cloning VMs 505 Installing Sysprep on the vCenter Server 506 Creating a Customization Specification 507 Cloning a Virtual Machine 512 Creating Templates and Deploying Virtual Machines 514 Cloning a Virtual Machine to a Template 516 Deploying a Virtual Machine from a Template 517 Using OVF Templates 519 Deploying a VM from an OVF Template 519 Exporting a VM as an OVF Template 523 Examining OVF Templates 524 Working with vApps 526 Creating a vApp 527 Editing a vApp 529 Changing a vApp's Power State 532 Cloning a vApp 533 Importing Machines from Other Environments 534 The Bottom Line 535 Chapter 11 Managing Resource Allocation 537 Reviewing Virtual Machine Resource Allocation 537 Working with Virtual Machine Memory 539 Understanding ESXi Advanced Memory Technologies 540 Controlling Memory Allocation 543 Managing Virtual Machine CPU Utilization 552 Default CPU Allocation 553 Setting CPU Affinity 553 Using CPU Reservations 554 Using CPU Limits 555 Using CPU Shares 556 Summarizing How Reservations, Limits, and Shares Work with CPUs 558 Using Resource Pools 559 Confi guring Resource Pools 561 Understanding Resource Allocation with Resource Pools 562 Regulating Network I/O Utilization 568 Controlling Storage I/O Utilization 573 Enabling Storage I/O Control 575 Confi guring Storage Resource Settings for a Virtual Machine 578 The Bottom Line 582 Chapter 12 Balancing Resource Utilization 585 Comparing Utilization with Allocation 585 Exploring vMotion 586 Examining vMotion Requirements 590 Performing a vMotion Migration 593 Ensuring vMotion Compatibility 596 Using Per-Virtual Machine CPU Masking 596 Using VMware Enhanced vMotion Compatibility 598 Exploring vSphere Distributed Resource Scheduler 601 Understanding Manual Automation Behavior 602 Reviewing Partially Automated Behavior 603 Examining Fully Automated Behavior 603 Working with Distributed Resource Scheduler Rules 605 Using Storage vMotion 612 Introducing and Working with Storage DRS 614 Creating and Working with Datastore Clusters 616 Confi guring Storage DRS 619 The Bottom Line 628 Chapter 13 Monitoring VMware vSphere Performance 631 Overview of Performance Monitoring 631 Using Alarms 632 Understanding Alarm Scopes 633 Creating Alarms 634 Managing Alarms 640 Working with Performance Graphs 642 Overview Layout 642 Advanced Layout 645 Working with resxtop 653 Using resxtop 654 Capturing and Playing Back Performance Data with resxtop 656 Monitoring CPU Usage 656 Monitoring Memory Usage 659 Monitoring Network Usage 661 Monitoring Disk Usage 663 The Bottom Line 665 Chapter 14 Automating VMware vSphere 667 Why Use Automation? 667 Using Workfl ows with vCenter Orchestrator 668 Understanding vCenter Orchestrator Prerequisites 668 Confi guring vCenter Orchestrator 669 Using an Orchestrator Workflow 676 Automating with PowerShell and PowerCLI 678 Installing PowerCLI 678 Working with Objects 679 Running Some Simple PowerCLI Scripts 683 Using vCLI from vSphere Management Assistant 686 Using vSphere Management Assistant for Automation with vCenter 688 Leveraging the Perl Toolkit with vSphere Management Assistant 689 The Bottom Line 692 Appendix A The Bottom Line 695 Chapter 1: Introducing VMware vSphere 5 695 Chapter 2: Planning and Installing VMware ESXi 696 Chapter 3: Installing and Confi guring vCenter Server 698 Chapter 4: Installing and Confi guring vSphere Update Manager 700 Chapter 5: Creating and Confi guring Virtual Networks 702 Chapter 6: Creating and Confi guring Storage Devices 704 Chapter 7: Ensuring High Availability and Business Continuity 707 Chapter 8: Securing VMware vSphere 709 Chapter 9: Creating and Managing Virtual Machines 710 Chapter 10: Using Templates and vApps 712 Chapter 11: Managing Resource Allocation 714 Chapter 12: Balancing Resource Utilization 716 Chapter 13: Monitoring VMware vSphere Performance 718 Chapter 14: Automating VMware vSphere 720 Index 723