Life in the English Country House: A Social and Architectural History

Life in the English Country House: A Social and Architectural History

Paperback

By (author) Mark Girouard

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  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • Format: Paperback | 352 pages
  • Dimensions: 194mm x 252mm x 20mm | 1,039g
  • Publication date: 1 February 1994
  • Publication City/Country: New Haven
  • ISBN 10: 0300058705
  • ISBN 13: 9780300058703
  • Edition: New edition
  • Edition statement: New edition
  • Illustrations note: 226 b&w llustrations, 33 colour plates, index
  • Sales rank: 201,652

Product description

The English country house has flourished over the centuries because of its ability to adapt to the changes in English society. This book is an account of the ways in which the upper-class life style were reflected in the houses in which the wealthy and powerful lived. First published in 1978, this is a history of the English country house from the point of view of its owners and users. Ranging from the Middle Ages to the world of Evelyn Waugh, the author also discusses and illustrates how the life of the upper classes shaped their country hosues, how they entertained and were served, how they ran the country and their estates and how they reconciled personal privacy and public display.

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Editorial reviews

Architectural historian Mark Girouard (The Victorian Country House, Sweetness and Light: The "Queen Anne" Movement) has opened up an absorbing and highly promising field of study by looking into the social arrangements that shaped the country house from the Middle Ages onward. As he notes in a brief but far-reaching introduction, land meant tenants (first as soldiers, then as political supporters) plus their rents, and thus represented, for many centuries, "the only sure basis of power." Landed estates introduced town customs and culture to the countryside until, in the 19th century, town and country parted ways: the landed gentry became the agricultural party, as opposed to the town-dwelling middle classes. At the same time, the multi-class medieval country household - eating in one great hall - split into higher and lower orders rigorously separated by a green baize door. The permutations of this change, minutely traced and sumptuously illustrated, include the tower mystique which long outlasted any need for protection; the evolution equally of libraries and galleries and sanitary facilities; the hierarchical implications of the formal house, suited to absolute monarchy, and the substitution of "a series of communal rooms for entertaining" with the appearance of 18th-century "polite society." Then, with the popularity (and profitability) of agricultural "improvement" and the advent of turnpikes and railroads, country squires could enjoy nature without being imprisoned by it. The house sank into the ground, opened up to the outdoors, and sprawled asymmetrically: "to make a house lopsided became a positively meritorious gesture, an escape from artificiality." A thoroughly intelligent and engaging book. (Kirkus Reviews)