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Life in Ancient Egypt

Life in Ancient Egypt

Paperback EGYPT Language: English / German

By (author) Adolf Erman, Translated by H. M. Tirard

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  • Publisher: Dover Publications Inc.
  • Format: Paperback | 597 pages
  • Language: English / German
  • Dimensions: 137mm x 215mm x 30mm | 617g
  • Publication date: 25 April 1998
  • Publication City/Country: New York
  • ISBN 10: 0486226328
  • ISBN 13: 9780486226323
  • Edition statement: New impression
  • Sales rank: 1,011,519

Product description

What was it like to live in the ancient land watered by the Nile, thousands of years before Christ was born? How did a man earn his living, what did he wear, where did he go in his leisure time? What was the relationship between an ordinary Egyptian and his government, his wife, his children? Was life for him grim or gay, difficult or easy, reverent or worldly? Did his people travel, explore, conquer? Were they very much different from those of the other great civilizations of antiquity, the Greek and the Roman? What was the nature of their science, art, magic, religion? If the past has lessons for the present, what can be deduced from ancient Egyptian life that is of value to us today?

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Table of contents

INTRODUCTION   Traditional Characteristics of Egypt   Importance of Egypt in the History of the World   Jewish and Greek Sources   The Egyptian Monuments   Difficulties inherent in the Subject CHAPTER I   THE LAND OF EGYPT     Geology of the Country     Climate and Inundation     Flora and Fauna     Character of the Country; its Influence on the Nation     The Twofold Division of the Country     Density of the Population     The Nomes or Provinces     Upper Egypt     Middle Egypt and the Feyum     Lower Egypt CHAPTER II   THE PEOPLE OF EGYPT     Origin of the Egyptians     Characteristics of the Egyptian People     Dawn of Egyptian History CHAPTER III   HISTORY OF ANCIENT EGYPT     Chronology     The Old Empire     The Middle Empire; the Hyksos     The Eighteenth Dynasty     The Religious Reformation     The Nineteenth Dynasty     The Twentieth Dynasty     Later Periods CHAPTER IV   THE KING AND HIS COURT     The Status of Royalty in the East     Titles of the King     The King in his Divine Character     The Regalia and the Officials belonging thereto     Suite of the King     The King's Accession     The King in his Priestly Character     The King the Head of the Government     The Court and the Court Ceremonial     The Courtiers     The King's Consorts     The Princes     Education of the Princes CHAPTER V   POLITICAL CONDITIONS IN EGYPT UNDER THE OLD EMPIRE     The Nomes     The Two Halves of the Kingdom     "Government of Upper Egypt ; the " Great Men of the South "     Government of the North Country     The Treasury Department     Administration of Justice     Honours and Titles     Disintegration of the Kingdom under the Middle Empire     Hereditary Government of the Nomes     The Nomarchs     Administration of Government in the Nomes     The Treasury Department under the Middle Empire     Decline of the Bureaucratic Government     Social conditions in the Earlier Period     Property of the Aristocracy     The Middle Class CHAPTER VI   POLITICAL CONDITIONS IN EGYPT UNDER THE NEW EMPIRE     Disappearance of the Old Nobility     Soldiers and Priests become the Ruling Classes     The Slaves of the King     The Highest Officials     The Treasury Department     Scribes and Deeds     The Archives     The Official and his Chief     Reprimand and Deposition     Distinctions     "Bestowal of the " Gold "     The Workmen and their Life     Social conditions under the New Empire     Serfs and Bondservants CHAPTER VII   THE POLICE And THE COURTS OF JUSTICE     Robberies in the Theban Necropolis     Lawsuit against the Tomb Robbers     The Courts of Justice under the Old Empire     The Courts of Justice under the New Empire     Laws ; exceptional Procedure     A Case of High Treason     Contracts     Statues regarding Endowments CHAPTER VIII   FAMILY LIFE     The Status of the Wife     Double Marriages     The Harem     Marriage with a Sister     Morality of the Nation     Inheritance of Property     Genealogies     Personal Names     Surnames and Pet-names     Erasure of Names     Education and Morals CHAPTER IX   THE HOUSE     Preliminary Remarks     Change of Site of the Royal Towns     Memphis     Houses of the Old Empire     Pictures of Houses of the New Empire     Country Houses     Town Residences of the New Empire     Palace of the King     Chairs and Couches     Tables and Boxes     Household Servants     The Kitchen     The Bakery     Beer     Meals     The Garden     Vine Culture     Preparation of Wine CHAPTER X   DRESS     Preliminary Remarks     Men's Dress under the Old Empire     Men's Dress under the Middle Empire     Men's Dress under the New Empire     The Royal Short Skirt     Robes of Office     Women's Dress under the Old Empire     Women's Dress under the New Empire     General Character of Egyptian Dress     The Laundry     Men's Coiffure under the Old and the New Empire     Women's Coiffure under the Old and the New Empire     Beards     Sandals and Shoes     Ornaments     Coverings for the Head     Sticks and Scepters     Rouging and Anointing     Cosmetics CHAPTER XI   RECREATION     Preliminary Remarks     Bird Snaring     Fishing     Hippopotamus Hunting     Fabulous Animals     Desert Hunting     Dogs and Monkeys     Bull Fights     Gymnastics     Dancing     Music and Song     Feasts     Games CHAPTER XII   RELIGION     Development of Religion     Attempt at a Reformation     Legends of the Gods     Rê' and Isis     The Rebellion of Mankind     The Myth of Osiris     Other Divine Myths     Private and Public Worship     Ritual     Sacrifices     Festivals     The House of the God     Plan of the Temples     Temple Decoration     The Names of the Temples     The Temple Enclosure     The Temple of Tell el Amarna     The Temple Outbuildings     The Priesthood under the Old Empire     The Priesthood under the Middle Empire     Rise of the Priesthood     The Priests of Amon under the New Empire     Dress of the Priests     Gifts of the Kings to the Gods     Gifts of Ramses III. To the Gods     The Property of Amon CHAPTER XIII   THE DEAD     The Soul of Man and his Ka     Influence of the Myth of Osiris on Funerary Worship     Burial     Tombs of the Old Empire     Tombs of the Middle Empire     Tombs of the New Empire     Treatment of the Viscera     Employment of Magic &nbs     Employment of Wood     Pillars     Tendency to a Freer Development in Architecture     Smaller Objects of Art CHAPTER XVII   AGRICULTURE     Irrigation     Ploughing     Hoeing and Sowing     Harvest     Threshing and Winnowing     Granaries     Various Species of Corn     Cattle Breeding     Life of the Herdsmen     Small Stock and Birds     Cattle Breeding under the New Empire     Status of the Agricultural Labourer CHAPTER XVIII   ARTS AND CRAFTS     Status of the Artisan     Matting and Woven Stuffs     Weaving and Spinning     Leatherwork     The Use of Wood     Carpenters' Tools     Peculiarities of Egyptian Carpenters' Work     Pottery     Glass Blowing and Metal Smelting     Metals     Goldsmiths' Work     Sources of the Various Metals     The Nubian Gold Mines     The Mines of Sinai     The Quarries of Turah     The Quarries of the Silsilis and Syene     The Quarries of Hammamât     The Transport of Blocks of Stone CHAPTER XIX   TRAFFIC AND TRADE     Papyrus Skiffs and Wooden Boats     The Boats of the Old Empire     The Boats of the Middle Empire     The Boats of the New Empire     Litters     Donkeys and Horses     Carriages     "Riding, Traveling, and Postal Arrangements"     Marketing     Barter and Exchange     Intercourse with Nubia     Nubia in the Earlier Period     Nubia under the New Empire     The Government of Nubia     The Divine Land     The Incense Countries     Intercourse with the North     Syria and Palestine CHAPTER XX   WAR     Unwarlike Character of the Egyptians     A War under the Old Empire     The Wars of the Middle Empire     The Fortresses of the Middle Empire     Warlike Character of the New Empire     The Battle of Kadesh     The Syrian Fortresses     Celebration of a Victory     Treaty with the Cheta     Time of Peace with Syria     Frontier Relations     The Libyans and the Maritime Nations     A Naval Engagement     Constitution of the Army under the New Empire     The Divisions of the Army and their Equipment     The Chariot Force     The Pitiable Position of the Subordinate Officers