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    Judeophobia: Attitudes Towards the Jews in the Ancient World (Paperback) By (author) Peter Schäfer

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    DescriptionAiming to take a fresh look at what the Greeks and Romans thought about the Jews, this book firmly locates the origins of anti-semitism in the ancient world. Hellenistic Egypt is established as the generating source, with roots extending back into Egypt's pre-Hellenistic past. A pattern of ingrained hostility to an alien culture emerges from Greek and Roman writing, when a whole spectrum of comments on Jews and their religion are surveyed. The writings focus on the topics most interesting to the pagan classical world: the Exodus, or expulsion from Egypt as they interpreted it, the nature of the Jewish god, food restrictions, laws relating to the sabbath, and so on. The author also explores key incidents in ancient Near Eastern history, the destruction of the temple in Elephantine in 400 BC and the riots in Alexandria in 38 AD, asking the question what fuelled these attacks on the Jewish community. The book then points to a deep-seated ethnic resentment, originating in the Egyptian hatred of Jews, which was then transported to Syria-Palastine and then to Rome where it aquired a new element, the fear of this small community. Later, when Christianity was adopted by the Roman Emperor Constantine, the author asserts that Christian theology also added to the anti-semitic attitudes of the ancient world.


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  • Full bibliographic data for Judeophobia

    Title
    Judeophobia
    Subtitle
    Attitudes Towards the Jews in the Ancient World
    Authors and contributors
    By (author) Peter Schäfer
    Physical properties
    Format: Paperback
    Number of pages: 312
    Width: 155 mm
    Height: 235 mm
    Thickness: 21 mm
    Weight: 444 g
    Language
    English
    ISBN
    ISBN 13: 9780674487789
    ISBN 10: 0674487788
    Classifications

    B&T Book Type: NF
    BIC E4L: SOC
    BIC subject category V2: HBTB
    LC subject heading:
    Ingram Spring Arbor Market: Y
    BIC geographical qualifier V2: 1QDAR, 1HBE
    LC subject heading:
    Nielsen BookScan Product Class 3: S3.2
    B&T Modifier: Region of Publication: 01
    LC subject heading:
    BIC subject category V2: JFSR1, JFSL
    LC subject heading: , ,
    B&T Modifier: Academic Level: 01
    B&T Modifier: Subject Development: 01
    BIC geographical qualifier V2: 1QDAG
    B&T General Subject: 750
    Libri: I-HP
    BIC subject category V2: JFFJ
    Ingram Theme: THEO/ACADEM
    Ingram Subject Code: HP
    Ingram Theme: CHRN/ANCIEN
    BISAC Merchandising Theme: ET120
    Ingram Theme: ETHN/JUDAIC
    BISAC V2.8: HIS022000
    Ingram Theme: RELI/JUDAIC
    B&T Modifier: Geographic Designator: 07
    BISAC V2.8: SOC031000
    LC subject heading:
    Warengruppen-Systematik des deutschen Buchhandels: 27530
    B&T Merchandise Category: UP
    BISAC V2.8: HIS002000
    ECPA Christian Book Category: BSTBIBARC
    B&T Approval Code: A31687700
    BISAC V2.8: SOC002010
    BIC subject category V2: 1QDAR, 1QDAG, 1HBE
    DC21: 305.8924038
    DC22: 305.8924038
    Thema V1.0: JBSR, JBFA, JBSL, NHTB
    Edition
    New edition
    Edition statement
    New edition
    Illustrations note
    notes, bibliography, index
    Publisher
    HARVARD UNIVERSITY PRESS
    Imprint name
    HARVARD UNIVERSITY PRESS
    Publication date
    01 October 1998
    Publication City/Country
    Cambridge, Mass
    Author Information
    Peter Schafer is University Professor of Jewish Studies and Director of the Institut fur Judaistik, Freie Universitat Berlin.
    Review quote
    [Judeophobia] casts new light on , and suggests a new understanding of, an area that has been a controversial field ever since Theodor Mommsen, in...his Romische Geshichte in 1884, made the 'rather casual statement' that 'hatred of the Jews and Jew-baiting are as old as the Diaspora itself'...[It is a] learned and absorbing book. -- Bernard Knox New Republic A well-informed and intelligently argued book. It is also admirably readable. -- Jasper Griffin New York Review of Books An elegant, persuasive, and comprehensive book...It is no exaggeration to say that Judeophobia changes the way we think about Judaism in the Greco-Roman world. -- Alan Mendelson History [UK] In Judeophobia Peter Schafer makes a major contribution to the social history of Judaism in antiquity...The book is written in a clear style appropriate for non-specialists. Non-English language terms are transliterated and, in most cases, translated the first time they are used. Schafer's thesis is that the origins of anti-Semitism can be traced to three successive centers of conflict: Egypt, Syria-Palestine, and Rome. Schafer's attempt to disentangle the unique aspects of the growth of anti-Semitism in each of these three centers is one of the most important contributions of the book...This book deserves to be read by anyone interested in the origins of anti-Semitism. Its main arguments will undoubtedly become a source for discussion and debate in future research. Schafer deserves our thanks, both for his courage in pursuing a difficult topic with such frankness and for the numerous insights that he has contributed to research on this topic. -- Allen Kerkeslager Journal for the Study of Judaism Schafer has given us a masterly account of the early history of antisemitism. -- Robert Goldenberg Shofar Schafer demonstrates his mastery of the sources...[and] isolate[s] with great clarity key elements in the history of antisemitism. -- Nicholas De Lange Patterns of Prejudice
    Back cover copy
    Taking a fresh look at what the Greeks and Romans thought about Jews and Judaism, Peter Schafer locates the origin of anti-Semitism in the ancient world. Judeophobia firmly establishes Hellenistic Egypt as the generating source of anti-Semitism, with roots extending back into Egypt's pre-Hellenistic history.
    Table of contents
    Introduction Who Are the Jews? Expulsion from Egypt The Jewish God Abstinence from Pork Sabbath Circumcision Proselytism Two Key Historical Incidents Elephantine Alexandria Centers of Conflict Egypt Syria-Palestine Rome Anti-Semitism Abbreviations Notes Bibliography Index