The Jesuits: Cultures, Sciences, and the Arts 1540-1773Hardback
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- Publisher: University of Toronto Press
- Format: Hardback | 872 pages
- Dimensions: 163mm x 231mm x 61mm | 1,451g
- Publication date: 1 April 2000
- Publication City/Country: Toronto
- ISBN 10: 0802042872
- ISBN 13: 9780802042873
- Edition: 74
- Edition statement: 74th ed.
- Sales rank: 1,329,962
In recent years scholars in a range of disciplines have begun to re-evaluate the history of the Society of Jesus. Approaching the subject with new questions and methods, they have reconsidered the importance of the Society in many sectors, including those related to the sciences and the arts. They have also looked at the Jesuits as emblematic of certain traits of early modern Europeans, especially as those Europeans interacted with 'the Other' in Asia and the Americas. Originating in an international conference held at Boston College in 1997, the thirty-five essays here reflect this new historiographical trend. Focusing on the Old Society- the Society before its suppression in 1773 by papal edict- they examine the worldwide Jesuit undertaking in such fields as music, art, architecture, devotional writing, mathematics, physics, astronomy, natural history, public performance, and education, and they give special attention to the Jesuits' interaction with non-European cultures, in North and South America, China, India, and the Philippines. A picture emerges not only of the individual Jesuit, who might be missionary, diplomat, architect, and playwright over the course of his life in the Society, but also of the immense and many-faceted Jesuit enterprise as forming a kind of 'cultural ecosystem'. The Jesuits of the Old Society liked to think they had a way of proceeding special to themselves. The question, Was there a Jesuit style, a Jesuit corporate culture? is the thread that runs through this interdisciplinary collection of studies.
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Gauvin Alexander Bailey is an associate Professor in the Department of Visual and Performing Arts at Clark University. Steven J. Harris is a professor at the Jesuit Institute, Boston College. John W. O'Malley, S.J., is professor in the Department of Church History at the Weston Jesuit School of Theology. T. Frank Kennedy, S.J. is a professor in and chair of the Department of Music at Boston College.
Table of contents
Part 1 Reframing Jesuit history: the historiography of the Society of Jesus - where does it stand? John W. O'Malley, SJ; "Le style jesuite n'existe pas" - Jesuit corporate culture and the visual arts, Gauvin Alexander Bailey; the fertility and the shortcomings of renaissance rhetoric - the Jesuit case, Marc Fumaroli; the cultural field of Jesuit science, Rivka Feldhay. Part 2 The Roman scene: two Farnese cardinals and the questions of Jesuit taste, Clare Robertson; college art - prints, poetry, and music for the Academic Defence at the Collegio Romano, Louise Rice; from "Eyes of All" to "Useful quarries in Philosophy and Good Literature" - consuming Jesuit science, 1600-1665, Michael John Gorman; music history in the Musurgia universalis of Athanasius Kircher, Margaret Murata. Part 3 Mobility - overseas missions and the circulation of culture: mapping Jesuit science - the role of travel in the geography of knowledge, Steven J. Harris; Jesuits, Jupiter's satellites, and the Academie Royale des Sciences, Florence Hsia; Exemplo aeque ut verbo - the French Jesuits; missionary world, Dominique Deslandres; east and west - Jesuit art and artists in central Europe, and central European art in the Americas, Thomas DaCosta Kaufmann; the role of the Jesuits in the transfer of secular baroque culture to the Rio de la Plata region, Magnus Morner; Candide and a ship, T. Frank Kennedy, SJ. Part 4 Encounters with the other -between assimilation and domination: Alessandro Valignano - the Jesuits and culture in the east, Andre C. Ross; Jesuit corporate culture as shaped by the Chinese, Nicolas Standaert, SJ; translation as cultural reform - Jesuit scholastic psychology in the transformation of the Confucian discourse on human nature, Qiong Zhang; the truth-showing mirror - Jesuit catechism and the arts in Mughal India, Gauvin Alexander Bailey; Roberto de Nobili's "Dialogue on Eternal Life" and an early Jesuit evaluation of religion in south India, Francis X. Clooney, SJ; Jesuit perception of and response to the indigenous peoples of the Philippines, Rene Javellana, SJ. Part 5 Tradition, innovation, accommodation: Bernini's image of the ideal Christian monarch, Irving Lavin; innovation and assimilation - the Jesuit contribution to architectural development in Portuguese India, David M. Kowal; God's good taste - the Jesuit aesthetics of Juan Bautista Villalpando in the six and tenth centuries, B.C.E., Jaime Lara; Jesuit Aristotelian education - the "De anima" commentaries, Alison Simmons; Jesuit physics in 18th century Germany - some important continuities, Marcus Hellyer; the Jesuits and Polish Sarmatianism, Stanislaw Obirek, SJ. Part 6 Conversion and configuration through devotion and the arts: the art of salvation in Bavaria, Jeffrey Chipps Smith; Henry Hawkins - a Jesuit writer and emblematist in Stuart England, Karl Josef Holtgen; Jesuit casuistry or Jesuit spirituality? the roots of 17th century British puritan practical divinity, James F. Keenan, SJ; the use