Introduction to Modern Optics

Introduction to Modern Optics

Paperback Dover Books on Physics

By (author) Grant R. Fowles

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  • Publisher: Dover Publications Inc.
  • Format: Paperback | 336 pages
  • Dimensions: 136mm x 214mm x 20mm | 381g
  • Publication date: 1 May 1990
  • Publication City/Country: New York
  • ISBN 10: 0486659577
  • ISBN 13: 9780486659572
  • Edition: 2, New edition
  • Edition statement: New edition
  • Sales rank: 67,904

Product description

This incisive text provides a basic undergraduate-level course in modern optics for students in physics, technology and engineering. The first half of the book deals with classical physical optics; the second principally with the quantum nature of light. Chapters 1 and 2 treat the propagation of light waves, including the concepts of phase and group velocities, and the vectorial nature of light. Chapter 3 applies the concepts of partial coherence and coherence length to the study of interference, and Chapter 4 takes up multiple-beam interference and includes Fabry-Perot interferometry and multilayer-film theory. Diffraction and holography are the subjects of Chapter 5, and the propagation of light in material media (including crystal and nonlinear optics) are central to Chapter 6. Chapters 7 and 8 introduce the quantum theory of light and elementary optical spectra, and Chapter 9 explores the theory of light amplification and lasers. Chapter 10 briefly outlines ray optics in order to introduce students to the matrix method for treating optical systems and to apply the ray matrix to the study of laser resonators. Many applications of the laser to the study of optics are integrated throughout the text. The author assumes students have had an intermediate course in electricity and magnetism and some advanced mathematics beyond calculus. For classroom use, a list of problems is included at the end of each chapter, with selected answers at the end of the book.

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Table of contents

Preface Chapter 1 The Propagation of Light 1.1 Elementary Optical Phenomena and the Nature of Light 1.2 Electrical Consants and the Speed of Light 1.3 Plane Harmonic Waves. Phase Velocity 1.4 Alternative Ways of Representing Harmonic Waves 1.5 Group Velocity 1.6 The Doppler Effect Chapter 2 The Vectorial Nature of Light 2.1 General Remarks 2.2 Energy Flow. The Poynting Vector 2.3 Linear Polarization 2.4 Circular and Elliptic Polarization 2.5 Matrix Representation of Polarization. The Jones Calculus 2.6 Reflection and Refraction at a Plane Boundary 2.7 Amplitudes of Reflected and Refracted Waves. Fresnel's Equations 2.8 The Brewster Angle 2.9 The Evanescent Wave in Total Reflection 2.10 Phase Changes in Total Internal Reflection 2.11 Reflection Matrix Chapter 3 Coherence and Interference 3.1 The Principle of Linear Superposition 3.2 Young's Experiment 3.3 The Michelson Interferometer 3.4 Theory of Partial Coherence. Visibility of Fringes 3.5 Coherence Time and Coherence Length 3.6 Spectral Resolution of a Finite Wave Train. Coherence and Line Width 3.7 Spatial Coherence 3.8 Intensity Interferometry 3.9 Fourier Transform Spectroscopy Chapter 4 Multiple-Beam Interference 4.1 Interference with Multiple Beams 4.2 The Fabry-Perot Interferometer 4.3 Resolution of Fabry-Perot Instruments 4.4 Theory of Multilayer Films Chapter 5 Diffraction 5.1 General Description of Diffraction 5.2 Fundamental Theory 5.3 Fraunhofer and Fresnel Diffraction 5.4 Fraunhofer Diffraction Patterns 5.5 Fresnel Diffraction Patterns 5.6 Applications of the Fourier Transform to Diffraction 5.7 Reconstruction of the Wave Front by Diffraction. Holography Chapter 6 Optics of Solids 6.1 General Remarks 6.2 Macroscopic Fields and Maxwell's Equations 6.3 The General Wave Equation 6.4 Propagation of Light in Isotropic Dielectrics. Dispersion 6.5 Propagation of Light in Conducting Media 6.6 Reflection and Refraction at the Boundary of an Absorbing Medium 6.7 Propagation of Light in Crystals 6.8 Double Refraction at a Boundary 6.9 Optical Activity 6.10 Faraday Rotation in Solids 6.11 Other Magneto-optic and Electro-optic Effects 6.12 Nonlinear Optics Chapter 7 Thermal Radiation and Light Quanta 7.1 Thermal Radiation 7.2 Kirchoff's Law. Blackbody Radiation 7.3 Modes of Electromagnetic Radiation in a Cavity 7.4 Classical Theory of Blackbody Radiation. The Rayleigh-Jeans Formula 7.5 Quantization of Cavity Radiation 7.6 Photon Statistics. Planck's Formula 7.7 The Photoelectric Effect and the Detection of Individual Photons 7.8 Momentum of a Photon. Light Pressure 7.9 Angular Momentum of a Photon 7.10 Wavelength of a Material Particle. de Broglie's Hypothesis 7.11 Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle Chapter 8 Optical Spectra 8.1 General Remarks 8.2 Elementary Theory of Atomic Spectra 8.3 Quantum Mechanics 8.4 The Schrödinger Equation 8.5 Quantum Mechanics of the Hydrogen Atom 8.6 Radiative Transitions and Selection Rules 8.7 Fine Structure of Specturm Lines. Electron Spin 8.8 Multiplicity in the Spectra of Many-Electron Atoms. Spectroscopic Notation 8.9 Molecular Spectra 8.10 Atomic-Energy Levels in Solids Chapter 9 Amplification of Light. Lasers 9.1 Introduction 9.2 Stimulated Emission and Thermal Radiation 9.3 Amplification in a Medium 9.4 Methods of Producing a Population Inversion 9.5 Laser Oscillation 9.6 Optical-Resonaor Theory 9.7 Gas Lasers 9.8 Optically Pumped Solid-State Lasers 9.9 Dye Lasers 9.10 Semiconductor Diode Lasers 9.11 Q-Switching and Mode Locking 9.12 The Ring Laser Chapter 10 Ray Optics 10.1 Reflection and Refraction at a Spherical Surface 10.2 Lenses 10.3 Ray Eqauations 10.4 Ray Matrices and Ray Vectors 10.5 Periodic Lens Waveguides and Opical Resonators Appendix I Relativistic Optics 1.1 The Michelson-Morley Experiment 1.2 Eindtein's Postulates of Special Relativity 1.3 Relativistic Effects in Optics 1.4 The Experiments of Sagnac and of Michelson and Gale to Detect Rotation References Answers to Selected Odd-Numbered Problems Index