Introduction to Modern Cryptography: Principles and Protocols

Introduction to Modern Cryptography: Principles and Protocols

Hardback Chapman & Hall/crc Cryptography And Network Security Series

By (author) Jonathan Katz, By (author) Yehuda Lindell

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  • Publisher: Chapman & Hall/CRC
  • Format: Hardback | 552 pages
  • Dimensions: 160mm x 234mm x 36mm | 885g
  • Publication date: 31 August 2007
  • Publication City/Country: Boca Raton, FL
  • ISBN 10: 1584885513
  • ISBN 13: 9781584885511
  • Edition: 1
  • Illustrations note: 33 black & white illustrations
  • Sales rank: 260,668

Product description

Cryptography plays a key role in ensuring the privacy and integrity of data and the security of computer networks. Introduction to Modern Cryptography provides a rigorous yet accessible treatment of modern cryptography, with a focus on formal definitions, precise assumptions, and rigorous proofs. The authors introduce the core principles of modern cryptography, including the modern, computational approach to security that overcomes the limitations of perfect secrecy. An extensive treatment of private-key encryption and message authentication follows. The authors also illustrate design principles for block ciphers, such as the Data Encryption Standard (DES) and the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES), and present provably secure constructions of block ciphers from lower-level primitives. The second half of the book focuses on public-key cryptography, beginning with a self-contained introduction to the number theory needed to understand the RSA, Diffie-Hellman, El Gamal, and other cryptosystems. After exploring public-key encryption and digital signatures, the book concludes with a discussion of the random oracle model and its applications. Serving as a textbook, a reference, or for self-study, Introduction to Modern Cryptography presents the necessary tools to fully understand this fascinating subject.

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Author information

University of Maryland, College Park, USA Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel

Review quote

This book is a comprehensive, rigorous introduction to what the authors name 'modern' cryptography ... a novel approach to how cryptography is taught, replacing the older, construction-based approach. ... The concepts are clearly stated, both in an intuitive fashion and formally. ... I would heartily recommend this book to anyone who is interested in cryptography. ... the exercises are challenging and interesting, and can benefit readers of all academic levels. ... -IACR book reviews, January 2010 Over the past 30 years, cryptography has been transformed from a mysterious art into a mathematically rigorous science. The textbook by Jonathan Katz and Yehuda Lindell finally makes this modern approach to cryptography accessible to a broad audience. Readers of this text will learn how to think precisely about the security of protocols against arbitrary attacks, a skill that will remain relevant and useful regardless of how technology and cryptography standards change. The book uses just enough formalism to maintain precision and rigor without obscuring the development of ideas. It manages to convey both the theory's conceptual beauty and its relevance to practice. I plan to use it every time I teach an undergraduate course in cryptography. -Salil Vadhan, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA ... the greatest attribute is the fact that the material is presented in such a unified way. These are not just a collection of topics from cryptography, thrown together at random. One topic leads effortlessly to the next. As such, this is a virtually indispensible resource for modern cryptography. -Donald L. Vestal, South Dakota State University, MAA Online, July 2008 ... gives an excellent introduction to the theoretical background of cryptography. It would be a fine textbook for an advanced undergraduate (or graduate) course in theoretical computer science for students who have already seen the rudiments of cryptography. It will be a valuable reference for researchers in the field ... -Steven D. Galbraith, Mathematical Reviews, 2009b The book is highly recommended as a textbook in cryptography courses at graduate or advanced undergraduate levels ... covers in a splendid way the main notions of current cryptography from the point of view of information-theoretical security. This corresponds indeed to a modern cryptography approach. -Guillermo Morales-Luna, Zentralblatt MATH, Vol. 1143

Table of contents

PREFACE INTRODUCTION AND CLASSICAL CRYPTOGRAPHY INTRODUCTION Cryptography and Modern Cryptography The Setting of Private-Key Encryption Historical Ciphers and Their Cryptanalysis The Basic Principles of Modern Cryptography PERFECTLY SECRET ENCRYPTION Definitions and Basic Properties The One-Time Pad (Vernam's Cipher) Limitations of Perfect Secrecy Shannon's Theorem Summary PRIVATE-KEY (SYMMETRIC) CRYPTOGRAPHY PRIVATE-KEY ENCRYPTION AND PSEUDORANDOMNESS A Computational Approach to Cryptography A Definition of Computationally Secure Encryption Pseudorandomness Constructing Secure Encryption Schemes Security against Chosen-Plaintext Attacks (CPA) Constructing CPA-Secure Encryption Schemes Security against Chosen-Ciphertext Attacks (CCA) MESSAGE AUTHENTICATION CODES AND COLLISION-RESISTANT HASH FUNCTIONS Secure Communication and Message Integrity Encryption vs. Message Authentication Message Authentication Codes-Definitions Constructing Secure Message Authentication Codes CBC-MAC Collision-Resistant Hash Functions NMAC and HMAC Constructing CCA-Secure Encryption Schemes Obtaining Privacy and Message Authentication PRACTICAL CONSTRUCTIONS OF PSEUDORANDOM PERMUTATIONS (BLOCK CIPHERS) Substitution-Permutation Networks Feistel Networks The Data Encryption Standard (DES) Increasing the Key Size of a Block Cipher The Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) Differential and Linear Cryptanalysis-A Brief Look THEORETICAL CONSTRUCTIONS OF PSEUDORANDOM OBJECTS One-Way Functions Overview: From One-Way Functions to Pseudorandomness A Hard-Core Predicate for Any One-Way Function Constructing Pseudorandom Generators Constructing Pseudorandom Functions Constructing (Strong) Pseudorandom Permutations Necessary Assumptions for Private-Key Cryptography A Digression-Computational Indistinguishability PUBLIC-KEY (ASYMMETRIC) CRYPTOGRAPHY NUMBER THEORY AND CRYPTOGRAPHIC HARDNESS ASSUMPTIONS Preliminaries and Basic Group Theory Primes, Factoring, and RSA Assumptions in Cyclic Groups Cryptographic Applications of Number-Theoretic Assumptions FACTORING AND COMPUTING DISCRETE LOGARITHMS Algorithms for Factoring Algorithms for Computing Discrete Logarithms PRIVATE-KEY MANAGEMENT AND THE PUBLIC-KEY REVOLUTION Limitations of Private-Key Cryptography A Partial Solution-Key Distribution Centers The Public-Key Revolution Diffie-Hellman Key Exchange PUBLIC-KEY ENCRYPTION Public-Key Encryption-An Overview Definitions Hybrid Encryption RSA Encryption The El Gamal Encryption Scheme Security against CCA Trapdoor Permutations ADDITIONAL PUBLIC-KEY ENCRYPTION SCHEMES The Goldwasser-Micali Encryption Scheme The Rabin Encryption Scheme The Paillier Encryption Scheme DIGITAL SIGNATURE SCHEMES Digital Signatures-An Overview Definitions RSA Signatures The Hash-and-Sign Paradigm Lamport's One-Time Signature Scheme Signatures from Collision-Resistant Hashing The Digital Signature Standard Certificates and Public-Key Infrastructures PUBLIC-KEY CRYPTOSYSTEMS IN THE RANDOM ORACLE MODEL The Random Oracle Methodology Public-Key Encryption in the Random Oracle Model Signatures in the Random Oracle Model APPENDIX A: MATHEMATICAL BACKGROUND Identities and Inequalities Asymptotic Notation Basic Probability The Birthday Problem APPENDIX B: SUPPLEMENTARY ALGORITHMIC NUMBER THEORY Integer Arithmetic Modular Arithmetic Finding a Generator of a Cyclic Group INDEX Each chapter contains References, Additional Reading, and Exercises.