• The Idea of Order: The Circular Archetype in Prehistoric Europe

    The Idea of Order: The Circular Archetype in Prehistoric Europe (Hardback) By (author) Richard Bradley

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    DescriptionRichard Bradley investigates the idea of circular buildings - whether houses or public architecture - which, though unfamiliar in the modern West, were a feature of many parts of prehistoric Europe. Why did so many people build circular monuments? Why did they choose to live in circular houses, when other communities rejected them? Why was it that those who preferred to inhabit a world of rectangular dwellings often buried their dead in round mounds and worshipped their gods in circular temples? Why did people who lived in roundhouses decorate their pottery and metalwork with rectilinear motifs, and why was it that the inhabitants of longhouses placed so much emphasis on curvilinear designs? Although their distinctive character has engaged the interest of alternative archaeologists, the significance of circular structures has rarely been discussed in a rigorous manner. The Idea of Order uses archaeological evidence, combined with insights from anthropology, to investigate the creation, use, and ultimate demise of circular architecture in prehistoric Europe. Concerned mainly with the prehistoric period from the origins of farming to the early first millennium AD, but extending to the medieval period, the volume considers the role of circular features from Turkey to the Iberian Peninsula and from Sardinia through Central Europe to Sweden. It places emphasis on the Western Mediterranean and the Atlantic coastline, where circular dwellings were particularly important, and discusses the significance of prehistoric enclosures, fortifications, and burial mounds in regions where longhouse structures were dominant.

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  • Full bibliographic data for The Idea of Order

    The Idea of Order
    The Circular Archetype in Prehistoric Europe
    Authors and contributors
    By (author) Richard Bradley
    Physical properties
    Format: Hardback
    Number of pages: 264
    Width: 169 mm
    Height: 241 mm
    Thickness: 21 mm
    Weight: 610 g
    ISBN 13: 9780199608096
    ISBN 10: 0199608091

    B&T Book Type: NF
    BIC geographical qualifier V2: 1D
    Nielsen BookScan Product Class 3: T5.5
    BIC E4L: HIS
    B&T Modifier: Region of Publication: 03
    B&T Modifier: Subject Development: 01
    B&T General Subject: 750
    B&T Modifier: Geographic Designator: 05
    Libri: I-HP
    Ingram Subject Code: HP
    BIC subject category V2: HDDA
    BISAC V2.8: SOC003000
    Ingram Theme: CHRN/ANCIEN
    BIC time period qualifier V2: 3B
    DC22: 936
    Warengruppen-Systematik des deutschen Buchhandels: 15540
    B&T Modifier: Academic Level: 02
    B&T Merchandise Category: UP
    LC subject heading: ,
    BISAC V2.8: HIS002000, SOC002010
    BIC subject category V2: 1D, 3B
    Abridged Dewey: 936
    LC subject heading: ,
    DC23: 930.1
    LC classification: GN803 .B6585 2012
    LC subject heading: ,
    Illustrations note
    74 in-text illustrations
    Oxford University Press
    Imprint name
    Oxford University Press
    Publication date
    25 October 2012
    Publication City/Country
    Author Information
    Richard Bradley is Professor in Archaeology at the University of Reading, where he has been a member of staff since 1971. He has undertaken research on most periods of prehistory, with a special emphasis on the archaeology of the British Isles, the Iberian Peninsula, and South Scandinavia. His main concerns are with the interpretation of ancient landscapes, monumental architecture, rock art, and the deposition of Bronze Age metalwork. He has excavated mainly in Wessex, the Lake District, Aberdeenshire, Perthshire, and Inverness-shire, and has undertaken fieldwork in Sweden, Galicia, northern Portugal, and Castille.
    Review quote
    absorbing Peter Thonemann, Times Literary Supplement
    Table of contents
    PREFACE ; LIST OF FIGURES ; PART ONE: TIMES AND SPACES ; 1. The Circular Ruins ; 2. Conceptions and Perceptions ; 3. Life and Art ; PART TWO: CIRCULAR STRUCTURES IN A CIRCULAR WORLD ; 4. Houses into Tombs ; 5. Turning to Stone ; 6. The Enormous Room ; PART THREE: CIRCULAR STRUCTURES IN A RECTILINEAR WORLD ; 7. Significant Forms ; 8. The Atrraction of Opposites ; 9. The New Order ; SUMMING UP ; 10. From Centre to Circumference ; BIBLIOGRAPHY ; INDEX