• ICL: A Business and Technical History

    ICL: A Business and Technical History (Hardback) By (author) Martin Campbell-Kelly

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    DescriptionThe history of ICL is synonymous with the history of the British computer industry. The company was formed by a series of mergers in response to the increasing market dominance of the large American corporations, particularly IBM. The struggles between these two giants, and the inherent problems and implications for government-industry relations of competing with US multi-nationals are examined in detail in Martin Campbell-Kelly's wide-ranging study. Tracing the technical history of the company and the evolution of its computers from the early punch-card machines of the 1880s to the present day, the book also considers the concerns of technological change, the economics of research and development, and current product-strategy issues, making it essential reading for business students as well as computer professionals.

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  • Full bibliographic data for ICL

    A Business and Technical History
    Authors and contributors
    By (author) Martin Campbell-Kelly
    Physical properties
    Format: Hardback
    Number of pages: 422
    Width: 163 mm
    Height: 242 mm
    Thickness: 31 mm
    Weight: 875 g
    ISBN 13: 9780198539186
    ISBN 10: 0198539185

    BIC E4L: BUS
    Nielsen BookScan Product Class 3: S4.2
    BIC subject category V2: HBTB
    BIC geographical qualifier V2: 1DBK
    LC classification: HD9696.C64
    BISAC V2.8: TEC000000
    BIC subject category V2: KJMV6, UKD, 1DBK
    DC19: 338.7610040941
    BISAC V2.8: BUS032000
    Thema V1.0: NHTB, KJMV6, UKD
    Illustrations note
    36 plates, line illustrations, tables
    Oxford University Press
    Imprint name
    Clarendon Press
    Publication date
    01 April 1990
    Publication City/Country
    Review quote
    '... an absorbing book' The Independent '... valuable for the student of management strategy' Computer Bulletin 'excellently written... If nothing else this book enables the reader to obtain a perspective of what is often seen in Britain as a fight between ICL and IBM. A fascintating book for those that have lived through the years it covers.' Computer Books Review '... well researched and thoroughly documented... It provides an authoritative and readable narrative of the evolution and history of ICL and will undoubtedly take its place as the standard reference work on the companyy for many years to come.' Computer Weekly
    Table of contents
    Hollerith and the origins, 1880-1907; The British Tabulating Machine Company, 1907-1919; Manufacturing at home, the 1920s; Heyday of the punched-card machine industry, the 1930s; An interlude: the second World War, 1939-1945; Pent-up demand, 1945-1949; Electronic machines, 1950-1954; Computers and the merger, 1955-1958; The decline of the tabulator, 1959-1961; Negotiations and mergers, 1961-1963; The response to the IBM system/360, 1964-1965; Government relations and the formation of ICL, 1964-1968; ICL and the new range, 1968-1972; Government launching aid for the new range, 1973-1975; Rapid growth in a changing market, 1975-1979; Convergence, the 1980s; Summing up: ICL and the evolving information business; Notes; Appendix 1 The IBM-TMC agreements; Appendix 2 List of directors; Index