ICL : A Business and Technical History

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The history of ICL is synonymous with the history of the British computer industry. The company was formed by a series of mergers in response to the increasing market dominance of the large American corporations, particularly IBM. The struggles between these two giants, and the inherent problems and implications for government-industry relations of competing with US multi-nationals are examined in detail in Martin Campbell-Kelly's wide-ranging study. Tracing the technical history of the company and the evolution of its computers from the early punch-card machines of the 1880s to the present day, the book also considers the concerns of technological change, the economics of research and development, and current product-strategy issues, making it essential reading for business students as well as computer professionals.

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Product details

  • Hardback | 422 pages
  • 163 x 242 x 31mm | 875g
  • Oxford University Press
  • Clarendon Press
  • Oxford, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 36 plates, line illustrations, tables
  • 0198539185
  • 9780198539186

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Review quote

'... an absorbing book' The Independent '... valuable for the student of management strategy' Computer Bulletin 'excellently written... If nothing else this book enables the reader to obtain a perspective of what is often seen in Britain as a fight between ICL and IBM. A fascintating book for those that have lived through the years it covers.' Computer Books Review '... well researched and thoroughly documented... It provides an authoritative and readable narrative of the evolution and history of ICL and will undoubtedly take its place as the standard reference work on the companyy for many years to come.' Computer Weekly

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