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Human Thermal Environments: The Effects of Hot, Moderate, and Cold Environments on Human Health, Comfort, and Performance

Human Thermal Environments: The Effects of Hot, Moderate, and Cold Environments on Human Health, Comfort, and Performance

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By (author) Ken Parsons

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Paperback $81.09
  • Publisher: CRC Press Inc
  • Format: Hardback | 635 pages
  • Dimensions: 158mm x 236mm x 40mm | 920g
  • Publication date: 23 April 2014
  • Publication City/Country: Bosa Roca
  • ISBN 10: 146659599X
  • ISBN 13: 9781466595996
  • Edition: 3, Revised
  • Edition statement: 3rd Revised edition
  • Illustrations note: 149 black & white illustrations, 151 black & white tables
  • Sales rank: 446,183

Product description

In the ten years since the publication of the second edition of Human Thermal Environments: The Effects of Hot, Moderate, and Cold Environments on Human Health, Comfort, and Performance, Third Edition, the world has embraced electronic communications, making international collaboration almost instantaneous and global. However, there is still a need for a compilation of up-to-date information and best practices. Reflecting current changes in theory and applications, this third edition of a bestseller continues to be the standard text for the design of environments for humans to live and work safely, comfortably, and effectively, and for the design of materials that help people cope with their environments. See What's New in the Third Edition: All existing chapters significantly updated Five new chapters Testing and development of clothing Adaptive models Thermal comfort for special populations Thermal comfort for special environments Extreme environments Weather Outdoor environments and climate change Fun runs, cold snaps, and heat waves The book covers hot, moderate, and cold environments, and defines them in terms of six basic parameters: air temperature, radiant temperature, humidity, air velocity, clothing worn, and the person's activity. It focuses on the principles and practice of human response, which incorporates psychology, physiology, and environmental physics with applied ergonomics. The text then discusses water requirements, computer modeling, computer-aided design, and current standards. A systematic treatment of thermal environments and how they affect humans in real-world applications, the book links the health and engineering aspects of the built environment. It provides you with updated tools, techniques, and methods for the design of products and environments that achieve thermal comfort.

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Table of contents

Human Thermal Environments Introduction Basic Parameters Heat Transfer for a Cylinder Role of Heat Transfer Theory in the Assessment of Human Thermal Environments The Human Heat Balance Equation and the Thermal Audit The Heat Balance Equation for the Human Body The Thermal Audit Expert Estimation of the Thermal Audit Assessment of Environments Using the Thermal Audit Summary Human Thermal Physiology and Thermoregulation Introduction Thermal Properties of the Human Body Human Thermoregulation Physiological Responses Behavioural Thermoregulation Body Temperature Comfort as the Regulated Variable Psychological Responses and Human Behaviour Introduction Psychological Models Thermal Sensation Thermoreception Psychophysics Semantics, Psychological Models and Multidimensional Scaling Mood, Aggression, Depression and Other Psychological Reactions Discussion Measurement Methods and Assessment Techniques Introduction Measuring Kits and Composite Instruments Measurement of Physiological Response Measurement of Psychological Responses Thermal Index: An Assessment Technique Dehydration and Water Requirements Introduction Body Water Dehydration Measures Thirst Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA) Dehydration Limits Practical Recommendations for Drinking Drinking Too Much Thermal Models Introduction Thermal Models Empirical Models Rational Thermal Models Do Models Work? Hybrid Models Computer-Aided Design Metabolic Heat Production Introduction Where Does the Heat Come from? Estimation of Metabolic Heat Production Collection and Analysis of Expired Air The Doubly Labelled Water (DLW) Method The Use of Tables and Databases Empirical Models Subjective Methods Special Populations: Children, People with Physical Disabilities and People Wearing Protective Clothing and Equipment The Thermal Properties of Clothing Introduction The Two-Parameter Model More Complex Clothing Models and the Three-Parameter Model Testing and Developing Clothing Introduction Determination of the Thermal Properties of Clothing Performance Tests Performance Trials Clothing Specification and the Window of Application Thermal Comfort Introduction Whole-Body Thermal Comfort Thermal Models and Thermal Comfort Thermal Comfort for Special Environments Thermal Comfort in Special Environments Personal Control Environments Displacement Ventilation and Chilled Ceiling Environments Thermal Comfort in Vehicles Outdoor Thermal Comfort Other Special Environments Thermal Comfort for Special Populations Introduction Do Requirements for Comfort Apply Universally? Effects of Acclimatisation State on Thermal Comfort Requirements Other Factors People with Disabilities Babies, Children, the Sick and the Pregnant Heat Stress Introduction Physiological Responses to Heat Heat Stress Indices Direct Heat Stress Indices Acclimatisation Working Practices for Hot Environments Cold Stress Introduction Physiological Responses to Cold Psychological Response to Cold Cold Injury and Illness Cold Stress Indices Working Practices for Cold Environments Case Study of Cold Work in a Hospital 'Plating Area' Thermal Environments and Human Performance Introduction Early Studies: Factory Output and Accidents Performance in Moderate Environments Performance in Cold Performance Models and Indices Summary Models Environmental Design for Productivity Human Skin Contact with Hot, Moderate and Cold Surfaces Introduction Skin Contact with a Hot Surface: Analysis of the Event Mathematical Models of Heat Transfer Surfaces of Moderate Temperature Cold Surfaces International Standards Introduction ISO Standards Standards in the United States Standards in China Standards in the United Kingdom European Standards (CEN) Example of the Application of International ISO Standards to the Assessment of a Hot Environment Example of the Application of International (ISO) Standards for the Assessment of Moderate Environments Example of the Application of International (ISO) Standards for the Assessment of Cold Environments Weather, Climate Change and Energy Use Introduction Meteorological Observations Universal Thermal Climate Index (UTCI) Future Development and Application of the UTCI Climate Change Human Thermal Environments and Energy Use People in Extreme Heat and Cold, Hypobaric and Hyperbaric Environments, Water, Space and Extreme Sport Introduction People in Extreme Heat People in Extreme Cold People Under Pressure People in Hyperbaric Environments People in Water Frozen Terrain, Snow, Rain, Wind and Floods People in Space Extreme Sport Appendix 1 Appendix 2 Appendix 3 References Index